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James Frederick "Jim" Nicholson (born 29 January 1945) is a Northern Irelandmarker unionist politician who is currently a Member of the European Parliament.

Career

Nicholson was born in January 1945 in Armaghmarker, Northern Irelandmarker. Educated locally, he later worked as a farmer on the family farm. He joined the Ulster Unionist Party in the early 1970s and was the Secretary/Organiser of Mid-South Armagh Unionist Association from 1973 to 1983. He was elected to his first public office in 1976 as a member of Armagh council; he served until 1997 and was chairman of the council in 1994–95.

Westminster

Nicholson was elected as the Member of Parliament for Newry and Armagh in the 1983 general election for the UUP. At Westminstermarker, he served on the Agriculture Select Committee. Along with all other unionist MPs, he resigned from the House of Commons in December 1985 as part of a wider protest against the Anglo-Irish Agreement of that year and to secure a renewed mandate from their electors. A by-election to fill his seat took place in January 1986.

Nicholson, who was defending the nationalist-majority Newry and Armagh constituency in the by-election, was the only resigning MP not to re-win his seat, losing it to Seamus Mallon of the moderate nationalist Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) in the by-election. He contested the seat again at the 1987 general election but demographics in the area had shifted against unionism; nationalist candidates have held it ever since.

From 1982 to 1986, Nicholson was a member of the Northern Ireland Assembly.

European Parliament

In 1989, he became a Member of the European Parliament for Northern Ireland. He retained this seat in 1994, 1999 and 2004 although never reaching a quota of first preference votes. On each occasion, he was re-elected with the help of transfers from other candidates, under Northern Ireland's EU election system of proportional representation using the single transferable vote. In 2009 running as an Ulster Conservative and Unionist he was elected second ahead of the Democratic Unionist Party who failed to reach quota for the first time in a European Election.

Nicholson was initially a member of the European People's Party group in the European Parliamentmarker. In 1997, however, he transferred to the eurosceptic Independents for a Europe of Nations group. He served as vice-chairman of the group for two years. In 1999, he joined the European Democrats wing of the European People's Party - European Democrats group, the largest group in the Parliament, a eurosceptic wing which also contained the UK's Conservative MEPs. He was one of six Quaestors in the European Parliament, becoming the first ever MEP from Northern Ireland to hold such a senior position when elected on 21 July 2004; he was re-elected in 2007. In 2009 in was elected as an Ulster Conservative and Unionist and subsequently joined the European Conservatives and Reformists Group. He currently serves on the Agriculture Committee of the European parliament.

Nicholson describes himself as a "euro-realist"; he is opposed to the creation of a federal Europe and is against the adoption of the euro as the currency of the United Kingdom. He does, however, acknowledge that the European Union has been good for Northern Ireland in relation to funding and infrastructure.

Personal life

Nicholson married Elizabeth Gibson in 1968. They have six sons and one daughter.

References



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