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Johan Christian Fabricius.

Johan Christian Fabricius (January 7, 1745 – March 3, 1808) was a Danishmarker entomologist and economist.

Fabricius was born at Tønder in the duchy of Schleswig. He studied at the gymnasium at Altona and entered the University of Copenhagenmarker in 1762. Later the same year he travelled together with his friend and relative Johan Zoega to Uppsalamarker, where he studied under Carl von Linné for two years.

Fabricius worked primarily with arthropods and was a specialist on insects, classifying many spiders including the black widow. He was professor of natural history, economy and finance at the University of Kielmarker from 1775. He was a regular visitor to Londonmarker where he studied many collections.

His works on insects included:
  • Systema Entomologiae (1775),
  • Genera Insectorum (1776),
  • Species Insectorum (1781),
  • Mantissa Insectorum (1787), and his main work,
  • Entomologicae Systematica, revised and corrected, 4 volumes, (1792-1794); followed by
  • Supplementum Entomologiae Systematicae (1798).

His works on economy included:
  • Von der Volks-Vermehrung insonderheit in Dännemarkmarker. Hamburg und Kiel, bey C. E. Bohn, 1781. 88 pp.

Fabricius' collections are shared between the


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