Johan Ludvig Heiberg (27
November 1854 – 4 January 1928) was a Danish philologist and historian.
He is best known for his
discovery of previously unknown texts in the Archimedes Palimpsest
, and for his
edition of Euclid's Elements
translated into English.
was Professor of Classical Philology at the University of
Copenhagen from 1896 until 1924.
Among his more than
200 publications were editions of the works of Archimedes
(1880 and 1912), Euclid
) (1883–1916), Apollonius
and Hero of Alexandria
Many of his editions are still in use today.
inspected the vellum manuscript in Constantinople in 1906, and realized that it contained
mathematical works by Archimedes that
were unknown to scholars at the time.
Heiberg's examination of the manuscript was with the naked eye
only, while modern analysis of the texts has employed x-ray
. The Archimedes Palimpsest is currently stored
at the Walters Art
Museum in Baltimore, Maryland.