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Johann Georg Gmelin (August 8, 1709 - May 20, 1755) was a Germanmarker naturalist, botanist and geographer.

Gmelin was born in T├╝bingenmarker, the son of an apothecary. Hewas a gifted child and graduated with a medical degree at the age of 18. In 1730 he travelled to St Petersburgmarker to lecture at the university, and in the following year was appointed professor of chemistry and natural history. At his suggestion, Johann Amman left Hans Sloane in London to take up a post in St Petersburg. The final two volumes of Johann Christian Buxbaum's (1693-1730) Centuria were published posthumously by Gmelin.

From 1733 to 1743 Gmelin made a journey of scientific exploration through Siberiamarker. He described the position of the Yeniseymarker river as a boundary between Europe and Asia and participated in measuring the lowest temperature ever recorded at Yeniseyskmarker. He was also the first person to measure the fact that the level of the Caspian Seamarker was below that of the Mediterranean Seamarker.

Gmelin's major works were Flora Sibirica (4 vols., 1749-1750) and Reisen durch Sibirien (4 vols., 1753). He spent his final years as professor of medicine at the University of T├╝bingenmarker, a post to which he was appointed in 1749, and where in 1751 he became director of the university's botanical garden.

He was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in 1749.

The Gmelina is named after him.

References

  1. AMMAN, Johannes, Stirpium rariorum in Imperio Rutheno sponte provenientium icones et descriptiones


External links

  • Flora Sibirica [48542] at G├Âttinger Digitalisierungszentrum


Complete Bibliography




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