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Johann Michael Wächter (2 March 1794 – 26 May 1853) was an Austrianmarker bass-baritone most famous for appearing in the operas of Richard Wagner.

Born in Rappersdorf in Austria, Wächter sang in various church choirs in Viennamarker, making his stage début in 1819 at Grazmarker as Don Giovanni in Mozart's Don Giovanni. He also appeared at Bratislavamarker, Viennamarker and Berlin. In 1827 he joined the Dresden Hofoper, where he remained for the rest of his career. Here his roles included Mozart's The Marriage of Figaro, and he sang in three Wagner premières, playing Orsini in Rienzi in 1842, The Dutchman in The Flying Dutchman (Der fliegende Holländer) in 1843, and Biterolf in Tannhäuser in 1845.

Hector Berlioz, who heard The Flying Dutchman in Dresden, considered Wächter's baritone ‘ of the finest I have ever heard, and he uses it like a consummate singer. It is of that rich and vibrant timbre that has such a wonderful power of expression, provided that the artist sings with soul and feeling, which Wächter does to a high degree’.

Wächter, an old friend of Wagner's, was not equal to the demanding role of the Dutchman. Wagner later wrote:

"His total incapacity in the difficult role of my spectral, suffering mariner dawned on Schröder-Devrient unfortunately only after the rehearsals were too far along to make any change.
Wächter's distressing corpulence, particularly his broad, round face and the curious way he moved his arms and legs like shrivelled stumps, sent my Senta in transports of despair."

His wife, the mezzo-soprano Thérèse Wächter-Wittman (born 31 August 1802 in Viennamarker), also sang at Dresden, creating the role of Mary in The Flying Dutchman. Wächter died in Dresdenmarker in 1853.


  1. Oxford Music Online
  2. Hector Berlioz, 'Mémoires de Hector Berlioz comprenant ses voyages en Italie, en Allemagne, en Russie et en Angleterre, 1803-1865', Michel Levy Freres, Éditeurs, Paris (1870)
  3. 'Wagner and the Art of the Theatre: The Operas in Stage Performance' By Patrick Carnegy Published by Yale University Press {2006} pg 29 ISBN 0300106955

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