The Full Wiki

More info on John Barry (naval officer)

John Barry (naval officer): Map

Advertisements
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:





John Barry (1745 – September 13, 1803) was an officer in the Continental Navy during the American Revolutionary War and later in the United States Navy. He is often credited as "The Father of the American Navy". Barry was born in Tacumshane, County Wexfordmarker, Irelandmarker and appointed a Captain in the Continental Navy on December 7, 1775.

Personal life

On October 31, 1767, Barry married Mary Cleary, who died in 1774. On July 7, 1777, he married Sarah Austin, daughter of Samuel Austin and Sarah Keen of New Jerseymarker. Barry had no children, but he helped raise Patrick and Michael Hayes, children of his sister, Eleanor, and her husband, Thomas Hayes, who both died in the 1780s.

Barry died at Strawberry Hill, in present-day Philadelphiamarker on September 13, 1803, and was buried in the graveyard of Old St. Mary's Roman Catholic Church in Center City, Philadelphiamarker.

Naval service

He commanded the Lexington, Raleigh, and Alliance. He and his crew of the Alliance fought and won the final naval battle of the American Revolution off the coast of Cape Canaveralmarker on March 10, 1783. He was seriously wounded on May 29, 1781, while in command of Alliance during her capture of HMS Atalanta and Trepassey. Barry was successful in suppressing three mutinies during his career as an officer in the Continental Navy.

Captain Barry was given command of Lexington, of 14 guns, on December 7, 1775. The Lexington sailed March 31, 1776. On April 7, 1776, off the Capes of Virginia, he fell in with the Edward, tender to the British man-of-war HMS Liverpool , and after a desperate fight of one hour and twenty minutes captured her and brought her into Philadelphia. Barry continued in command of Lexington until October 18, 1776, and captured several private armed vessels during that time.

John Barry was once offered $100,000 British pounds and command of any Frigate in the entire British navy if he would desert the American Navy. Outraged at the offer, Captain Barry responded that not all the money in the British treasury or command of its entire fleet could tempt him to desert his adopted country.

He was still in command of the Alliance when it participated in the last battle of the Revolutionary War.

Appointed senior captain upon the establishment of the U.S. Navy, he commanded the frigate United States in the Quasi-War with Francemarker. Barry authored a Signal Book published in 1780 to improve communications at sea among vessels traveling in formation.

On February 22, 1797, he was issued Commission Number 1 by President George Washington, backdated to June 4, 1794. His title was thereafter "Commodore." He is recognized as not only the first American commissioned naval officer but also as its first flag officer.

Commemorations



Statues

[[Image:JFK-John Barry Memorial.jpg|right|thumb|John F. Kennedy visiting the John Barry Memorial atCrescent Quay in Wexfordmarker, Irelandmarker.]]
  • A statue dedicated to Barry stands in Franklin Square marker.
  • A large statue of Barry stands directly in front of the formal entrance to Independence Hallmarker in Philadelphiamarker, PA.
  • A statue of Barry overlooks the Crescent Quay in Wexfordmarker town in Ireland. It was a gift to the town from the United Statesmarker and was delivered by a United States Navy frigate. The statue was unveiled in 1956, and each year a parade and wreath-laying ceremony takes place at the statue to celebrate "Barry Day", commemorated by the Irish Naval Service and the Minister for Defence.
  • A plaque commemorating Barry and his crew of the Alliance for the final naval battle of the American Revolution is located at Jetty Park in Cape Canaveralmarker, Florida.
  • A new plaque with a cannon will be dedicated on March 10, 2007 in Port Canaveral.
  • A plaque stands in the city of Boston at Boston Common
  • A stone plaque commemorating his grave site at Old St. Mary's Church in Philadelphiamarker, PA.


Image:John_barry_stamp.JPG|Barry and John Paul Jones on a U.S. postage stampImage:Irish Stamp John Barry.jpg|Barry on an Irish postage stampImage:First_day_cover.jpg|Barry on an Irish first day cover

See also



Footnotes

  1. The American Irish Blog
  2. "The Alliance" in the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
  3. Woods, D. & Sterling, C. Signaling and communicating at sea. Arno Press, 1980. p. 195
  4. specifically issued by a Joint Congressional Resolution and proclaimed by President George W. Bush on December 22, 2006.


References



External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message