John Beddoe (born 1826 in
Bewdley, Worcestershire -
died 19 July 1911) was
one of the most prominent English ethnologists
in Victorian Britain.
lived in Bristol.
He believed that eye colour and hair colour were valuable evidence
in the origins of the British people. He wrote The Races of
Britain: A Contribution to the Anthropology of Western Europe
(1862) which was re-published in 1862, 1885, 1905 and 1971. Beddoe
wrote in his work that all geniuses tended to be "orthognathous"
(that is, have receding jaws) while the Irish and the Welsh were
"prognathous" (have large jaws). Beddoe also maintained that
were similar to Cromagnon
man, and Cromagnon man was similar to
" race. Celts
in Beddoe's "Index of Negrescence
" are very different than Anglo-Saxons
He was a founder of the Ethnological Society
. Beddoe was
president of the Anthropological
from 1889 to 1891 and fellow of the Royal Society
- The Races of Britain: A Contribution to the Anthropology of
Western Europe, Bristol and London, John Beddoe, J. W.
Arrowsmith, Bristol & Trübnermm, London, 1885; republished by
Hutchinson, London, 1971, ISBN: 0091013704.