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This article describes a portion of Interstate 95 in Marylandmarker. For the portion of Interstate 95 in Delawaremarker that shares the same name, see Delaware Turnpikemarker.

The John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway (also known as JFK Memorial Highway) is a section of Interstate 95 traversing northeastern Marylandmarker for 48 miles from the Baltimoremarker city line to the Delawaremarker state line, and for 11 miles as the Delaware Turnpikemarker to New Castlemarker; bringing the total length of the JFK Highway to 59 miles.

Completed in 1963, the 48 miles Northeastern Expressway and the adjoining 11-mile Delaware Turnpikemarker were dedicated by President John F. Kennedy on Thursday, November 14, 1963, at a ceremony at the Mason-Dixon Linemarker. In 1964, the highway was re-named the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway after his assassinationmarker in Dallas, Texasmarker, on November 22, 1963, eight days after President Kennedy was on hand for the opening of the two highways.

Route description

The John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway is an eight lane highway on I-95 that begins at the end of the Harbor Tunnel Thruway at the Baltimoremarker city line. After three miles (3 km), I-95 intersects with Interstate 695 at a unique double-crossover interchange. Within this interchange, the carriageways of I-95 and I-695 narrow to six lanes and cross over each over and run on the left within the interchange nexus, allowing left exit ramps and left entrance ramps to accommodate four of the eight movements in lieu of flyovers. Beyond the interchange, both sets of carriageways cross over each other again and resume right-hand running.

Continuing to the northeast, parallel with the Chesapeake Bay, the route encounters MD 43 near White Marshmarker. After passing through Gunpowder Falls State Parkmarker, the route interchanges with MD 152 north of Joppatownemarker, then with MD 24, providing access to Bel Airmarker and Edgewoodmarker. Within the MD 24 interchange, I-95 narrows to six lanes and remains this wide to the Delawaremarker border.

Just beyond the MD 543, I-95's carriageways split apart to provide space for Maryland Housemarker, I-95's second service area. Maryland House is a full service rest area that offers food, fuel and other amenities, and opened with the toll highway in 1963. Beyond Maryland House, the route encounters the MD 22 interchange in Aberdeenmarker, providing access to the Aberdeen Proving Groundmarker. South of the Susquehanna State Parkmarker, I-95 encounters the southern end of the remaining tolled portion of the highway at the MD 155 interchange, providing access to Havre de Gracemarker and US 40.

North of this interchange, I-95 becomes a true toll route as it passes through the Susquehanna State Park before crossing the the Millard E.marker Tydings Memorial Bridgemarker over the Susquehanna River. The bridge crosses between bluffs high above the river valley, and is posted with warning signs: "Subject to Crosswinds". Just beyond the bridge is the JFK Highway toll plaza at Perryville; where tolls are collected in the northbound direction only. There are no southbound tolls on the highway, but southbound truck traffic may need to stop at a nearby weigh station. At the northern end of the plaza is Exit 93 for MD 222 in Perryvillemarker, before continuing to the Delaware State line.

Still paralleling the northern shore of the Chesapeake Bay, I-95's carriageways split apart again to encounter its third service area in Maryland, Chesapeake House. This service area opened in 1975 (after the highway was widened from four to six lanes in 1972), and offers the same amenities as Maryland House. Now past the northern tip of the bay, north of Elk Neck State Parkmarker, the route encounters MD 272, which provides access to the towns of North Eastmarker and Rising Sunmarker. Having turned east, the route now runs straight towards the Delawaremarker state line, passing under MD 213 north of Elktonmarker with no access offered. Finally, I-95's run through Maryland comes to an end after the Exit 109 interchange with MD 279, with a direct route into Elktonmarker and Newark, Delawaremarker, just before crossing the Delawaremarker state line where the JFK Highway connects to the Delaware Turnpikemarker and where Newarkmarker toll plaza is located on the Turnpike (which is not warned of by the MD 279 interchange).

Fast facts

  • Construction dates: January 1962 – November 1963
  • Annual traffic: 29 million vehicles (both directions)
  • Width: Eight mainline lines between Baltimoremarker and MD 24; six mainline lanes between MD 24 and Delawaremarker


History

Despite the route's inclusion in the Interstate Highway System in the mid-1950s, the construction of the Baltimore and Washington, D.C. beltways had diverted most of the state funds that would have been used to build it. To relieve traffic on U.S. Route 40, it was decided to finance construction using a bond issue. The Maryland State Roads Commission, the predecessor to the Maryland Transportation Authority (MdTA), floated $73 million in revenue bonds to provide funds to start construction of the route, which began in January 1962.

Between 1963 and 1993, the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway was a tolled facility for the entire length of the roadway in both directions. The mainline toll plaza is situated just north of the Susqehanna River Bridge in Perryville, the southbound toll plaza had been removed in 1991, but tolls are still collected for northbound traffic at this location. Additionally, ramp tolls were collected at many of the interchanges until they were abolished by an act of the legislature in 1981. The highway and bridge are maintained by the MdTA.

Exits on the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway were originally numbered consecutively, beginning with exit 1. As a result, Interstate 95 in Maryland had multiple conflicting sequences of exit numbers. In the mid-1980s, the exits were re-numbered according to a statewide, mileage-based numbering system, so that they now range from Exit 2 (I-295 north) on the Capital Beltway to Exit 109 (MD 279) on the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway.

Exit list

County Municipality Mile # Old Destinations Notes
Baltimore 63.4 64 2 I-695 / Baltimore Beltway - Essexmarker, Towsonmarker Split into 64A (east) and 64B (west); exit numbers signed northbound only
66.6 67 3
MD 43 / White Marsh Boulevard - to US 40 to US 1
Split into 67A (east) and 67B (west)
Harfordmarker 73.9 74 3A MD 152 / Mountain Road - Joppatownemarker, Fallstonmarker
76.2 77 4 MD 24 / Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway - Edgewoodmarker, Bel Airmarker Split into 77A (south) and 77B (north)
79.9 80 MD 543 / Creswell Road - Riversidemarker, Churchvillemarker
Maryland House
Aberdeenmarker 84.4 85 5 MD 22 / Aberdeen Thruway - Aberdeenmarker, Churchville
88.7 89 6 MD 155 / Level Road - Havre de Gracemarker, Churchville Last exit before toll
Millard E.marker Tydings Memorial Bridgemarker
Toll plaza, northbound only - $5.00 for 2-axle vehicles, $5.00 per additional axle
Cecilmarker Perryvillemarker 93.0 93 7 MD 222 / Bainbridge Road - Perryvillemarker, Port Depositmarker Former route of
Chesapeake House
99.6 100 8 MD 272 / Northeast Road - North Eastmarker, Rising Sunmarker Split southbound into 100A (south) and 100B (north)
108.3 109 9
MD 279 / Elkton Newark Road — to MD 213; Elktonmarker; Newark, DEmarker
Split into 109A (south) and 109B (north)
continues into Delawaremarker as Delaware Turnpikemarker


Expansion plans

Due to the heavy use of this route by commuters and through traffic, the Maryland Transportation Authority has begun the process of significantly expanding the highway to increase its capacity. The expansion plans are divided into short, individual sections; in 2001, the MdTA began public studies to determine the best way to expand the highway to meet current and future needs. After four years of study, the MdTA issued its results for Section 100, the southernmost section.

Section 100



Section 100 is an eight-mile (13 km) segment of the JFK Highway that runs between Exit 62 (Interstate 895) and milepost 70. This segment is currently eight lanes wide (a 4-4 configuration) and carries approximately 165,000 vehicles per day (expected to increase to 225,000 vehicles per day by 2025). The plan is to widen this segment to twelve lanes (a 4-2-2-4 configuration), with the center lanes designated as express toll lanes. In addition, the interchange between the JFK Highway and the Baltimore Beltway at Exit 64 will be rebuilt into a more orthodox stack interchange, removing the left entrances and exits as well as the unique carriageway crossovers. The interchange at Exit 67 (MD 43) will also be significantly modified from its current cloverleaf configuration, and the interchange at Exit 62 will be reconfigured so that I-95 will replace I-895 as the straight-ahead route, thus eliminating the need for southbound I-95 traffic to weave to the right and cross over.

The project is expected to cost $1.2 billion. It began in 2006 and is expected to be completed in 2012.

Section 200

Section 200 is a segment from milepost 70 to Exit 85 (MD 22). This segment is also currently eight lanes wide (a 4-4 configuration) as far as Exit 77 (MD 24), and is currently six lanes wide (a 3-3 configuration) between Exit 77 and Exit 85. Like Section 100, this segment will likely be widened into a 4-2-2-4 configuration as far as Exit 80 (MD 543). Between Exit 80 and Exit 85, the remainder will likely be widened from a 3-3 configuration to a 4-4 configuration. While the MdTA has not yet finalized plans for this segment, a project is currently underway to improve the MD 24 interchange as part of any future works; this project began in 2006 and will be completed in 2009.

Section 300

Section 300 is a three-mile (5 km) segment from Exit 77 to Exit 80. Plans for its widening are described above.

Section 400

Section 400, the longest segment, is long and stretches from Exit 80 to the Delaware border. This segment is currently six lanes wide (a 3-3 configuration) and is likely to be widened into a 4-4 configuration. This segment will require major reconstruction of the Millard E.marker Tydings Memorial Bridgemarker.

See also



References

  1. http://www.roadstothefuture.com/MD-95-695-N.jpg


External links




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