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John Franklin Enders (February 10 1897September 8 1985) was an Americanmarker medical scientist and Nobel laureate. Enders had been called "The Father of Modern vaccines."


Enders was born in West Hartford, Connecticutmarker and was educated at the Noah Webster School at Hartford and St. Paul's Schoolmarker in Concord, New Hampshiremarker. He then attended Yale Universitymarker for a short time before entering the United States Army Air Corps in 1918.

After returning from war he graduated from Yale, where he was a member of Scroll and Key as well as Delta Kappa Epsilon, and went on to become a businessman in real estate in 1922. He tried his hand at several careers before choosing to work in the biological field studying infectious diseases, gaining a Ph.D. at Harvardmarker in 1930.

In 1954, while working at Children's Hospital Bostonmarker, Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, and Frederick Chapman Robbins were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of the ability of poliomyelitis viruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue".

Enders died in 1985 in Waterford, Connecticutmarker, aged 88.


Honorary doctoral degrees from thirteen universities..


Further reading

  • Thomas H. Weller and Frederick C. Robb: John Franklin Enders (1897 - 1985), A Biographical Memoir, Washington (D.C.), 1991 (NAS publication also online PDF)

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