(1 May 1594—January 1653 (OS
) or 1654 (NS)) was a
colonial magistrate, one time governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
, and an
eight-time governor (as well as the first governor) of the Connecticut Colony
likely born at Messing, Essex, England, the son of
John Haynes and the former Mary Michel, his family an armigerous gentry or 'visitation family' who had
lived at Codicote, Herefordshire and at Great Haddam. By about 1616 Haynes
was living at Gurney's Manor, Hingham, Norfolk, where he was Lord of the Manor and where he
married Mary Thorneton.
In 1627 his wife Mary died and was
buried at St. Andrews Church in Hingham. A man of some wealth,
Haynes also owned estates at Wramplingham and at Wymondham near Hingham.
Tax assessments of 1621 show
Haynes to have been a rich man: he was receiving £500 a year in
Subsequently Haynes left Norfolk and returned
to Copford, Essex, a
hotbed of the Puritan movement.
afterwards he sold his estates at great loss and joined the Puritan
migration to the Massachusetts
Bay Colony, settling first at Newtown
in July 1633.
As a prominent member of the
colony, Haynes was selected to serve one term as governor in 1635.
banished under his administration, though by later accounts, Haynes
grew to regret it.
growing religious strife and food shortages in the colony, Haynes
made the decision to take his family and set off with Thomas Hooker to form a separate colony that
would be known as Connecticut.
After the ratification of the Fundamental Orders
colony in 1638/9, Haynes was elected as the first governor of the
Colony of Connecticut
. He was
apparently popular with the people of the colony, and was either
deputy governor or governor for the rest of his life. He died in
January of 1653 or 1654, in Hartford.
His notable achievements include a part in the creation of the
Haynes was married to Mary Thornton, with whom he had six children.
Several years after her death, he married Mabel Harlakenden, and
they had five more children. One of John Haynes' children was
General Hezekiah Haynes
, a soldier
in the army of Oliver
- Plantagenet Ancestry, Douglas Richardson, Kimball
G. Everingham, David Faris, Genealogical Publishing Company,