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John McCreath Farquhar (April 17, 1832 – April 24, 1918) was a United States Representative from New Yorkmarker and a recipient of the United Statesmarker military's highest decoration, the Medal of Honor.

Biography

Born near Ayr, Scotlandmarker, Farquhar attended the Ayr Academymarker. He immigrated to the United States as a boy and settled in Buffalo, New Yorkmarker. He was a printer, editor, and publisher for 33 years. He served as president of the International Typographical Union from 1860 to 1862.

During the Civil War, Farquhar enlisted from Chicago, Illinoismarker, into the Union Army on August 9, 1862, as a private in Company B of the 89th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment. He was promoted to Sergeant Major and, on December 31, 1862, earned the Medal of Honor at the Battle of Stones Rivermarker, Tennesseemarker. His official citation reads: "When a break occurred on the extreme right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, this soldier rallied fugitives from other commands, and deployed his own regiment, thereby checking the Confederate advance until a new line was established." His medal was not awarded until several decades later, on August 6, 1902. Promoted again to Major, Farquhar served as a judge advocate and inspector in the IV Corps. After his military service he returned to Buffalo, New York, and resumed his business activities.

Farquhar was elected as a Republican to the 49th, 50th, and 51st Congresses (March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1891). He served as chairman of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries during the 51st Congress. He was not a candidate for renomination to the 52nd Congress.

He served as a member of the United States Industrial Commission from 1898 to 1902, before retiring from public life and active business pursuits.

Farquhar died in Buffalo at age 86 and was interred there in Forest Lawn Cemeterymarker.

Medal of Honor citation

Rank and organization: Sergeant Major, 89th Illinois Infantry. Place and date: At Stone River, Tenn., December 31, 1862. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Birth: Scotland. Date of issue: August 6, 1902.

Citation:

When a break occurred on the extreme right wing of the Army of the Cumberland, this soldier rallied fugitives from other commands, and deployed his own regiment, thereby checking the Confederate advance until a new line was established.


See also



References

  • Retrieved on 2008-01-31



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