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John Mellencamp, previously known by the stage names Johnny Cougar, John Cougar, and John Cougar Mellencamp, (born October 7, 1951) is a Grammy-winning Americanmarker rock singer-songwriter, musician, painter and occasional actor known for his rootsy, organic brand of heartland rock that is infused with catchy pop hooks and evocative, introspective lyrics about such hot-button subjects as politics, racism, poverty and mortality. Mellencamp has brought together rock, folk, country, blues and R&B into his eclectic body of work.

He has sold over 40 million albums worldwide and has amassed 22 Top 40 hits in the United States. In addition, he holds the record for the most tracks by a solo artist to hit number-one on the Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks chart, with seven, and he has been nominated for 13 Grammy Awards, winning one.

Mellencamp is also one of the founding members of Farm Aid, an organization that began in 1985 with a star-studded concert in Champaign, Illinoismarker to raise awareness about the loss of family farms and to raise funds to keep farm families on their land. The Farm Aid concerts have remained an annual event over the past 24 years, and as of 2009 the organization has raised over $35 million to promote a strong and resilient family farm system of agriculture.

Mellencamp was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Famemarker on March 10, 2008, by Billy Joel. His biggest musical influences are Bob Dylan, Woody Guthrie and The Rolling Stones.

Early life

Mellencamp was born in Seymour, Indianamarker, with a mild form of spina bifida that necessitated a lengthy stay in the hospital as a baby. He is descended from German immigrant Johann Herman Möhlenkamp, who came to the White Creek area of Bartholomew County, Indianamarker in 1855.

Mellencamp had trouble with the law as a teenager, including an arrest at age 8 for breaking and entering. He formed his first band, Crepe Soul, at the age of 14 and later played in the local bands Trash and Snakepit Banana Barn. He eloped with his pregnant girlfriend, Priscella at the age of 18 and had his first child (Michelle) in December 1970 -- just six months after he graduated from high school.

He attended Vincennes Universitymarker, a two-year college in Vincennes, Indianamarker, starting in 1972. During this time he experimented with drugs and alcohol, stating in a 1986 Rolling Stone interview, "When I was high on pot, it affected me so drastically that when I was in college there were times when I wouldn't get off the couch. I would lie there, listening to Roxy Music, right next to the record player so I wouldn't have to get up to flip the record over. I'd listen to this record, that record. There would be four or five days like that when I would be completely gone."

Upon graduating from Vincennes Universitymarker, Mellencamp played in a couple of local bands, including the aforementioned glitter-band Trash, which was named after a New York Dolls song, and he later got a job in Seymour installing telephones, which he eventually lost for using foul language in customers' homes. At this time, Mellencamp, who had given up drugs and alcohol for good prior to graduating from Vincennes Universitymarker, decided it was time to pursue a career in his one true love -- music.

The John Cougar Years (1976–1982)

After about 18 months of traveling back and forth from Indiana to New York City in 1974 and '75, Mellencamp finally found someone receptive to his music and image in Tony DeFries of MainMan Management (known for representing David Bowie). DeFries insisted that Mellencamp's first album, Chestnut Street Incident, a collection of covers and derivative originals (Mellencamp had written just a handful of songs prior to landing a record deal and was still very raw), be released under the stage name Johnny Cougar -- a move Mellencamp claims was made without his knowledge and against his will. The album was a commercial failure, selling just 12,000 copies.

Mellencamp recorded The Kid Inside in 1977, the follow-up to Chestnut Street Incident, but DeFries eventually decided against releasing the album and Mellencamp was dropped from MCA records. He drew interest from Rod Stewart's manager, Billy Gaff, after parting ways with DeFries and was signed to the tiny Riva Records label. At Gaff's request, Mellencamp moved to London, Englandmarker for nearly a year to record, promote and tour behind 1978's A Biography. The record wasn't released in the United States, but yielded a hit in Australia with "I Need a Lover." Riva Records added "I Need a Lover" to Mellencamp's next album released in the United States, 1979's John Cougar, where the song became a Number 28 single in late 1979. Rocker Pat Benatar recorded "I Need a Lover" on her debut album In the Heat of the Night, and her version garnered a good deal of FM radio airplay even though it was not issued as a single in the United States.

In 1980, John Mellencamp returned with the Steve Cropper-produced Nothin' Matters And What If It Did, which yielded two Top 40 singles — "This Time" (No. 27) and "Ain't Even Done With The Night" (No. 17) — and showed continued improvement in both his songwriting and singing. However, Mellencamp was not particularly fond of the album or its two hit singles.

"The singles were stupid little pop songs," he told Record Magazine in 1983. "I take no credit for that record. It wasn't like the title was made up — it wasn't supposed to be punky or cocky like some people thought. Toward the end, I didn't even go to the studio. Me and the guys in the band thought we were finished, anyway. It was the most expensive record I ever made. It cost $280,000, do you believe that? The worst thing was that I could have gone on making records like that for hundreds of years. Hell, as long as you sell a few records and the record company isn't putting lot of money into promotion, you're making money for 'em and that's all they care about. PolyGram loved Nothin' Matters. They thought I was going to turn into the next Neil Diamond."

In 1982, Mellencamp released his breakthrough album, American Fool (see 1982 in music). The album had a rootsy, garage-rock vibe and spawned the hit singles "Hurts So Good," which spent four weeks at No. 2, and "Jack and Diane," which was a No. 1 hit for four weeks. "I owe Mick Ronson the hit song, Jack & Diane. Mick was very instrumental in helping me arrange that song, as I'd thrown it on the junk heap. Ronson came down and played on three or four tracks and worked on the American Fool record for four or five weeks. All of a sudden, for Jack & Diane, Mick said 'Johnny, you should put baby rattles on there.' I thought, 'What the fuck does put baby rattles on the record mean? So he put the percussion on there and then he sang the part 'let it rock, let it roll' as a choir-ish-type thing, which had never occurred to me. And that is the part everybody remembers on the song. It was Ronson's idea." (John Mellencamp, Classic Rock Magazine, January 2008, p.61) Those mega-hits sent American Fool to the top of the charts. A third single, "Hand To Hold On To," made it to No. 19 and was a staple in his concerts throughout the 1980s. Additionally, "Hurts So Good" spent 16 weeks in the top 10 (more than any other single in the 1980s); and "Jack and Diane" is, to date, Mellencamp's only single ever to top the Billboard Hot 100. "Hurts So Good" went on to win the Grammy Award for Best Male Rock Vocal Performance at the 25th Grammys. Despite the fact that American Fool made Mellencamp a superstar, he doesn't consider it anywhere close to a masterpiece.

"To be real honest, there's three good songs on that record, and the rest is just sort of filler," Mellencamp told Creem Magazine in 1984. "It was too labored over, too thought about, and it wasn't organic enough. The record company thought it would bomb, but I think the reason it took off was – not that the songs were better than my others – but people liked the sound of it, the 'bam-bam-bam' drums. It was a different sound."

In early 1983, after Mellencamp had broken through to stardom with American Fool, DeFries finally released The Kid Inside in an attempt to cash in on the singer's newfound success. "If he'd have been smart about it, he'd have worked with us because I've got other records that never came out in America," Mellencamp said. "We could've put together a compilation. But it was the way he did it. He released it right on the tail of American Fool, and it confused a lot of people."

The John Cougar Mellencamp Years (1983–1990)

Finally having enough commercial success to give him some clout, Mellencamp forced the record company to add his real surname to his stage moniker. The first album he recorded as John Cougar Mellencamp was 1983's Uh-Huh, a top-10 hit that spawned the hit singles "Pink Houses," "Crumblin' Down" (both of which made the top 10) and "Authority Song," which Mellencamp called "our new version of 'I Fought The Law'." During the recording of Uh-Huh, Mellencamp's backing band settled on the lineup it would retain for the next several albums: Kenny Aronoff on drums and percussion, Larry Crane and Mike Wanchic on guitars, Toby Myers on bass and John Cascella on keyboards. In 1988 Rolling Stone magazine called this version of Mellencamp's band "one of the most powerful and versatile live bands ever assembled." On the 1984 Uh-Huh Tour, Mellencamp opened his shows with cover versions of songs he loved growing up, such as Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel," the Animals' "Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood," Lee Dorsey's "Ya Ya," and the Left Banke's "Pretty Ballerina."

In 1985, Mellencamp released Scarecrow -- an organic record with socially-aware lyrics that was filled with songs focusing on the plight of the American family farmer, small-town life, and the state of the nation. Scarecrow is now considered a classic American rock album and marked the true beginning of Mellencamp as a serious social commentator. Shortly after finishing Scarecrow, Mellencamp helped organize the first Farm Aid benefit concert with Willie Nelson and Neil Young in Champaign, Illinoismarker on September 22, 1985. The Farm Aid concerts remain an annual event and have raised nearly $36 million for struggling family farmers as of 2009.

Scarecrow was an enormous success, peaking at No. 2 in the fall of '85 and spawning five Top 40 singles. "Lonely Ol' Night," "Small Town," and "R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A. (A Salute to '60s Rock)" all became Top 10 hits, and "Rain On The Scarecrow" and "Rumbleseat" cracked the Top 40 and garnered considerable play on album-rock stations. Scarecrow was also the first album Mellencamp recorded at his own recording studio, located in Belmont, Indianamarker and built in 1984. All of his subsequent albums after Scarecrow have also been recorded there. Mellencamp dubbed the studio the Belmont Mall, because Belmont is a tiny municipality that not only has no shopping mall, but features little more than a gas station.

Before recording Scarecrow, Mellencamp forced his band to learn numerous vintage rock, R&B, and soul songs inside and out so that they could put some of the grit and knowledge they derived from those classics into his own songs. He articulated in a 1986 interview with Creem magazine just how his band learning those songs help shape the sound of Scarecrow, citing the track "Face of the Nation" as an example.

"Learning those songs did a lot of positive things. We realized more than ever what a big melting pot of all different types of music the '60s were. Take an old Rascals song for example – there's everything from marching band beats to soul music to country sounds in one song. Learning those opened the band's vision to try new things on my songs. It wasn't let's go back and try to make this part fit into my song, but I wanted to capture the same feeling – the way those songs used to make you feel. After a while, we didn't even have to talk about it anymore. If you listen to the lead Larry (Crane) plays on 'Face of the Nation', he never would have played that 'cause he didn't really know who the Animals were. He's young, and he grew up on Grand Funk Railroad. You hear it, and it's like 'where did that come from?' It had to be from hearing those old records."

Prior to the 1985-86 Scarecrow Tour, during which he covered a bunch of those same 1960s rock and soul songs he and his band rehearsed prior to the recording of Scarecrow, Mellencamp added fiddle player Lisa Germano to his band to accent and deepen his overall sound. Germano would remain in Mellencamp's band until 1994, when she left to pursue a solo career.

During this time, Mellencamp was asked to write music for the film Hoosiers, but he turned down the opportunity because he didn't like the movie initially.

As for Germano, she played a big role in Mellencamp's next LP, 1987's The Lonesome Jubilee, which was departure from his earlier material as it incorporated country and folk influences. It generated several more hit singles, "Paper in Fire," "Cherry Bomb," and "Check It Out," along with hit album tracks like "Hard Times For An Honest Man" and "The Real Life," and was considered one of the finest albums of the 1980s.

"We were on the road for a long time after Scarecrow, so we were together a lot as a band," Mellencamp said in a 1987 Creem magazine feature. "For the first time ever, we talked about the record before we started. We had a very distinct vision of what should be happening here. At one point, The Lonesome Jubilee was supposed to be a double album, but at least 10 of the songs I'd written just didn't stick together with the idea and the sound we had in mind. So I just put those songs on a shelf, and cut it back down to a single record. Now, in the past, it was always 'Let's make it up as we go along' – and we did make some of The Lonesome Jubilee up as we went along. But we had a very clear idea of what we wanted it to sound like, even before it was written, right through to the day it was mastered."

During the 1987-88 Lonesome Jubilee Tour, Mellencamp was joined onstage by surprise guest Bruce Springsteen at the end of his May 26, 1988 gig in Irvine, California for a rousing duet of the Bob Dylan classic "Like a Rolling Stone," which Mellencamp performed as the penultimate song during each show on that tour.

After The Lonesome Jubilee Tour, Mellencamp went through an acrimonious divorce from his second wife, Vicki, and entered a somewhat dark period in his life, although he is not known to drink or take drugs. Those who have been with Mellencamp since the beginning of his career say they've never seen him touch a drug or drink a drop of alcohol. "John is a complete teetotaller and always has been," Mike Wanchic, who has been Mellencamp's rhythm guitar player since 1976, told in 2002. "Never seen him take a drink of alcohol, never seen him do a drug in his entire life. Not since day one."

"I quit drinking in '71 and quit doing drugs in '72," Mellencamp told Rolling Stone in 1986. "I didn't like the feeling of not being in control."

Mellencamp's only vice is his well-known cigarette habit. He used to smoke four packs a day until a 1994 heart attack forced him to cut down to about a pack a day, and he's frequently spoken out about his disdain for drugs.

"If you want to stick needles in your arms, go ahead and fucking do it," Mellencamp told Bill Holdship of Creem Magazine in 1984, when asked about his views on drugs. "You're the one that's going to pay the consequences. I don't think it's a good idea, and I sure don't advocate it, but I'm not going to judge people. Hell, if that was the case, you wouldn't like anyone in the music business because everyone's blowing cocaine."

In 1989, Mellencamp released Big Daddy, a quieter, mostly acoustic venture filled with introspective songs reflecting his mood of the time. However somber, Big Daddy still contained standout tunes like "Jackie Brown," "Big Daddy of Them All" and "Void in My Heart," along with the top 15 single "Pop Singer." The album, which Mellencamp called at the time the most "earthy" record he'd ever made, is also the last to feature both the "Cougar" moniker and the innovative, fiddle-based Appalachian sound he first tried with The Lonesome Jubilee. Mellencamp was heavily involved in painting at this time in his life, and decided not to tour behind Big Daddy so that he could fully explore his newfound passion. It would be two years before he was heard from again.

The John Mellencamp Years (1991–1997)

Mellencamp's 1991 album, the hard-rocking Whenever We Wanted, was the first whose cover was billed to just John Mellencamp -- the "Cougar" now gone forever. Whenever We Wanted yielded the Top 40 hits "Get A Leg Up" and "Again Tonight," along with the mainstream rock hits "Last Chance," "Love and Happiness" and "Now More Than Ever." "It's very rock 'n' roll," Mellencamp said of Whenever We Wanted. "I just wanted to get back to the basics." The record abandoned the violin, accordion, dobro and other non-traditional rock instruments that had been so prominent on The Lonesome Jubilee and Big Daddy. Mellencamp said, "I thought it was time to put those instruments back in their cases for this record."

In 1993, he released Human Wheels, one of his most critically-acclaimed albums, although the title track peaked at a disappointing No. 48 on the Billboard singles charts, a fact that Mellencamp directly attributes to his label's refusal to spend another $30,000 on promotion for the song. Still, Human Wheels has widely been regarded as one of his strongest works.

"To me, this record is very urban," Mellencamp told Billboard magazine of Human Wheels in the summer of '93. "We had a lot of discussions about the rhythm and blues music of the day. We explored what a lot of these (current) bands are doing — these young black bands that are doing more than just sampling.

"The rhythms in songs like 'When Jesus Left Birmingham' or 'French Shoes' or 'Junior'are R&B, but to me R&B is the basic beat that propels the human body. Sly & the Family Stone also deserve a tip of the hat here, because as a kid when I heard Sly sing 'hot fun at the country fair,' I said, 'Man, that's for me!' Years later, I saw that there was a lot more subtlety and intensity to his music than I first realized. And whether you hear the influence in Tone Loc or Arrested Development, Sly remains an undercredited inspiration in '90s rock'n'roll. He made street music, and I wanted things like 'Birmingham' to have the rhythm of the streets."

Mellencamp returned to the upper reaches of the charts in 1994, when his quickly-recorded, 29-minute Dance Naked album yielded his biggest hit since "R.O.C.K. in the U.S.A. (A Salute to '60s Rock)" in 1986 with a cover of Van Morrison's "Wild Night" as a duet with Me'Shell NdegeOcello, an avowed Mellencamp fan. "One reason I liked him was that lyrically, he's simple, but at the same time complex," NdegeOcello told Billboard magazine in 1994. "His songs talked to me about life in a language I could understand, while musically they had that raw energy which I thrive on, which is great to dance to. He's a real groovesman, and a very strong vocalist: Like a hip-hopper, he's a viber—he's got to feel the music to make him sing the way he wants to sing."

The stripped-down Dance Naked also contained two protest songs in "L.U.V." and "Another Sunny Day 12/25," in addition to the title track, which hit No. 41 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the summer of '94.

"This is as naked a rock record as you're going to hear," Mellencamp said of Dance Naked in a 1994 Billboard magazine interview. "All the vocals are first or second takes, and half the songs don't even have bass parts. Others have just one guitar, bass, and drums, which I haven't done since 'American Fool.' 'Hurts So Good' had one guitar, bass, and drums, and I think one tambourine."

With accomplished guitarist Andy York now on board as Larry Crane's full-time replacement, Mellencamp launched his Dance Naked Tour in the summer of '94, but a minor heart attack suffered after a show at Jones Beach in New York on Aug. 8 of that year forced him to cancel the last few weeks of the tour (he wound up playing through Sept. 2 before seeing a doctor and being diagnosed as having suffered a heart attack. All dates after Sept. 2 were canceled). Mellencamp blamed his minor myocardial infarction on his four-pack-a-day cigarette habit and poor diet.

"It's nobody else's fault," he told Rolling Stone magazine in late 1994. "It's my fault. I'm a smoking machine. Hell, sometimes I wake up 10, 15 times a night to smoke a cigarette. The moral of my story is that 80 cigarettes a day and a cholesterol level of 300 is like a loaded gun."

Mellencamp cut down his cigarette intake considerably and changed his diet overnight, helping him regain his health. He returned to the concert stage in early 1995 by playing a series of dates in small Midwestern clubs under the pseudonym Pearl Doggy. Backed by the core of his band, Mellencamp featured a cover-heavy set at these rare shows that included songs such as the Stooges' "No Fun," John Lennon's "Cold Turkey," Bob Dylan's "All Along the Watchtower," Neil Young's "Down by the River," the Rolling Stones' "You Can't Always Get What You Want," Van Morrison's "Gloria," Count Five's "Psychotic Reaction," and Arlo Guthrie's "Coming Into Los Angeles" along with a handful of his own hits.

Mellencamp began working in earnest on his next album in 1995 after the Pearl Doggy shows, and the record came out in September 1996 under the title Mr. Happy Go Lucky — a critically-acclaimed album that saw him integrate strains of dance music (thanks to production by renowned dance producer Junior Vasquez) into his heartland rock sound.

"It's been fascinating to me how urban records use rhythm and electronics, and it's terribly challenging to make that work in the context of a rock band," Mellencamp told Billboard magazine in 1996. "But we took it further than an urban record. The arrangements are more ambitious, with programs and loops going right along with real drums and guitars."

Mr. Happy Go Lucky spawned the No. 14 single "Key West Intermezzo (I Saw You First)" — Mellencamp's last Top 40 hit — and the exuberant "Just Another Day," which peaked at No. 46.

The Columbia Years (1998-2003)

After the release of Mr. Happy Go Lucky, Mellencamp signed a four-album deal with Columbia Records, although he wound up only making three albums for the label.

Issued a day before his 47th birthday in 1998, his self-titled debut for Columbia Records included the singles "Your Life is Now" and "I'm Not Running Anymore," along with album tracks such as "Eden Is Burning," (a sequel of sorts to Jack and Diane) "Miss Missy," "It All Comes True" and "Chance Meeting At The Tarantula." The switch in labels coincided with Dane Clark replacing Aronoff on drums, but the finished product wound up pretty far away from Mellencamp's initial vision for the album.

"On this record, we ended up quite a-bit away from where we started," Mellencamp told Guitar World Acoustic in 1998. "Initially, I wanted to make a record that barely had drums on it. Donovan made a record (in 1966), Sunshine Superman, and I wanted to start with that same kind of vibe--Eastern, very grand stories, fairy tales. We ended up with a few Eastern instruments. But everybody prepared to make that record. After the last tour, I gave everybody Sunshine Superman, and I said, “Listen to this record, because you’re going to need to know it.” So a lot of the guys, like Andy [York], really took it to heart."

In 1999, Mellencamp covered his own songs as well as those by Bob Dylan and the Drifters for his album Rough Harvest (recorded in 1997), one of two albums he owed Mercury Records to fulfill his contract (the other was The Best That I Could Do, a best-of collection). Mellencamp put an acoustic spin on his re-recorded originals, but the song that got the most attention was his previously hard-to-find cover of the Drifters' "Under The Boardwalk," as Mercury released the song to radio in the summer of '99 and it got a fair amount of airplay -- just as it did in 1986 when Mellencamp originally released it as the B-side to "R.O.C.K. in the USA." "God bless the Drifters, but I thought the song was a little slow," Mellencamp told the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in 1999. "I think that suited the times very well. I was a kid at the time, and that groove was a very urban groove, a very black groove, and what I did was take that groove and record it with a rock groove."

The early 21st century found Mellencamp teaming up with artists such as Chuck D and India.Arie to deliver his second Columbia album, Cuttin' Heads, which spawned the radio hit "Peaceful World" — a duet with Arie (a live acoustic version of the tune sung solo by Mellencamp was included on the benefit album God Bless America). Cuttin' Heads also included a duet with Trisha Yearwood on the harmony-drenched love song "Deep Blue Heart." "He played me this song," Yearwood told, "and he said, 'I kind of have an idea of like when Emmylou Harris sang on Bob Dylan's record, just kind of harmony all the way through.' So, he flew me to Bloomington, [Ind.], and I sang on it. ... It was really great."

Mellencamp embarked on the Cuttin' Heads Tour in the summer of 2001, before the album was even released. He opened each show on this tour with a cover of the Rolling Stones' "Gimme Shelter" and also played a solo acoustic version of the humorous Cuttin' Heads track "Women Seem" at each show.

In 2003, he released Trouble No More, a quickly-recorded collection of folk and blues covers originally done by artists such as Robert Johnson, Son House, Lucinda Williams and Hoagie Carmichael. The album was also dedicated to Mellencamp's friend, Billboard magazine editor-in-chief Timothy White, who died from a heart attack in 2002. In October 2002, Mellencamp performed the Robert Johnson song "Stones In My Passway" at two benefit concerts for White. Columbia Records executives were at the shows and were so taken with Mellencamp's performance of this classic blues tune that they persuaded him to record an album of vintage American songs. Ironically enough, Mellencamp sang the classic gospel song "Will The Circle Be Unbroken" at White's funeral on July 2, 2002. The album spent several weeks at #1 on Billboard's Blues Album charts.

Recent Years (2004-present)

Mellencamp participated in the Vote for Change tour in October 2004 leading up to the 2004 U.S. Presidential election. That same month he released the two-disc career hits retrospective Words & Music: John Mellencamp's Greatest Hits, which contained 35 of his radio singles (including all 22 of his Top 40 hits) along with two new tunes, the socially conscious, R&B-tinged single "Walk Tall" along with "Thank You" — both produced by Babyface but written by Mellencamp. Throughout 2003 and early 2004, Mellencamp's music was frequently heard at campaign rallies for then-presidential candidate John Edwards. The two most frequently heard songs were "Your Life Is Now" and "Small Town," which was Edwards' official campaign song. Mellencamp was also a contributor to Edwards' campaign, contributing $2,000 to his effort in December 2003. Edwards was in the presidential race again in 2007, and during Mellencamp's November 9, 2007 concert in Des Moines, Iowamarker Edwards joined the rock star onstage in the middle of a solo acoustic rendition of "Small Town."

In 2005, Mellencamp got the opportunity to tour with two of his idols — Donovan and John Fogerty. The first leg of what was called the Words and Music Tour in the spring of '05 featured Donovan playing in the middle of Mellencamp's set instead of serving as a traditional opening act. Mellencamp would play a handful of songs before introducing Donovan and then duetting with him on the 1966 classic "Sunshine Superman." Mellencamp would leave the stage as Donovan played seven or eight of his songs (backed by Mellencamp's band) and then returned to finish off his own set after Donovan departed. On the second leg of the tour in the summer of '05, Fogerty co-headlined with Mellencamp at outdoor amphitheaters across the United Statesmarker. Fogerty played a full set of his own and after a brief intermission, Mellencamp took the stage for his own full set, during which Fogerty would join him for front-porch style duets on the Creedence Clearwater Revival classic "Green River," and Mellencamp's own "Rain on the Scarecrow." During this tour Mellencamp featured a greatest-hits set and dusted off two of his seminal hits for the first time in many years. "I Need a Lover" was played live for the first time since the 1994 Dance Naked Tour, while the 1981 hit "Ain't Even Done With The Night" was in his setlists for the first time since the Scarecrow Tour two decades earlier.

Mellencamp released the critically acclaimed Freedom's Road on January 23, 2007. "Our Country," the first single from the album, hit radio in the fall of 2006. The song was played as the opening song on Mellencamp's 2006 spring tour, and the band that opened for him on that tour, Little Big Town, was called on to record harmonies on the studio version of "Our Country," as well as seven other songs on Freedom's Road. "Our Country" began being featured in Chevy Silverado TV commercials in late September 2006, mostly during sporting events on major American televisions networks. Mellencamp hoped that including the song in the ads would bring it in front of a mass audience, since aging rockers such as himself get little, if any, radio airplay on their new material. He sang the song to open Game 2 of the 2006 World Series. "Our Country" was nominated for a 2008 Grammy Award in the category Best Solo Rock Vocal Performance but lost out to Bruce Springsteen's "Radio Nowhere."

Mellencamp wrote and produced all 10 songs on Freedom's Road, and the record peaked at No. 5 on the Billboard 200 album chart by selling 56,000 copies in its first week on the market, marking his highest charting release since Scarecrow went to No. 2 in the fall of '85. Notable tunes on Freedom's Road include "Jim Crow" — a duet with folk icon Joan Baez, the acoustically arranged "Rural Route," and the opener "Someday," which was the album's second single.

On August 13, 2007, Mellencamp began recording his 18th album of original material, titled Life, Death, Love and Freedom (the original title of the album was The Company We Keep, but Mellencamp decided in early 2008 to change it). The album, which was released on July 15, 2008, was produced by T Bone Burnett and has a very folksy, bluesy feel, as most of the songs deal with such topics as death and loneliness. The first song with video, "Jena," was introduced on Mellencamp's website in October 2007. The song, about the Jena 6 trial in Jena, Louisianamarker, proved controversial; it was criticized by Jena's mayor, Murphy R. McMillan, who said it unfairly characterized the town as a hotbed of racism. He also called the song's music video "inflammatory."

Mike Wanchic, Mellencamp's longtime guitar player, told Billboard Magazine of Life, Death, Love and Freedom in December 2007: "It's very, very, very organic — upright basses, cocktail (drum) kits, lots of acoustic guitars, really very atmospheric, absolutely one of the coolest sounding records that I've ever heard, of ours or anybody else's." In an interview with the Bloomington Herald-Times in March 2008, Mellencamp dubbed the album "The best record I've ever made." He signed with Starbucks' Hear Music label to distribute the album and said, "they think it's a fucking masterpiece." The album's first single was "My Sweet Love." A video for the song was filmed in Savannah, GA on June 9, 2008. Karen Fairchild of Little Big Town is featured in the video. She harmonizes with Mellencamp on "My Sweet Love" and provides background vocals to three other songs on Life, Death, Love and Freedom, which became the ninth Top 10 album of Mellencamp's career when it debuted at No. 7 on the Billboard 200 the week of August 2, 2008. Like Freedom's Road, Life, Death, Love and Freedom sold 56,000 copies in its first week on the market.

Mellencamp made a guest appearance at Billy Joel's July 16, 2008 concert at Shea Stadiummarker in New York, in the second-to-last concert ever performed at the historic venue (Joel played one final show there on July 18 to accommodate the overwhelming ticket demand). Mellencamp sang "Pink Houses" in front of a sold-out crowd of nearly 60,000 people.
John Mellencamp and Sheryl Crow perform Mellencamp's 2008 single "My Sweet Love" in Hunter Valley, New South Wales, Australia on Nov.
29, 2008.

On September 3, 2008, Mellencamp made available on his website a home-video recording of his solo acoustic cover of Bob Dylan's "The Times They Are a-Changin'" — recorded just a day earlier on a web-cam (explaining the reverse image of the video, in which Mellencamp appears to be playing the guitar left-handed) — as a sign that the 2008 Presidential Election is going to bring about change in America.

Mellencamp filmed a concert at the Crump Theatre in Columbus, Indiana on September 23, 2008 for a new A&E Biography series called "Homeward Bound." The show, which features performers returning to small venues they performed at during the early stages of their careers (Mellencamp last played at the Crump Theatre on Oct. 4, 1976 -- just his second concert after becoming a major-label recording artist), aired on Dec. 11, 2008 and also featured an in-depth documentary tracing Mellencamp's roots. During the Columbus concert, Mellencamp performed partial solo acoustic versions of rarely-played songs like "I Need A Lover" and songs he hasn't played in years such as "To M.G. (Wherever She May Be)," "Taxi Dancer" and even a brief snippet of "Chestnut Street," from his 1976 debut album.

Mellencamp toured Australia and New Zealandmarker with opening act Sheryl Crow from November 15-December 7, 2008. It marked the first time since 1992 that Mellencamp has toured anywhere outside North America. After not collaborating for the first half of the tour, Crow joined Mellencamp on stage to duet on "My Sweet Love" during the last seven shows of the trek.

In its list of the 50 best albums of 2008, Rolling Stone magazine named Life, Death, Love and Freedom No. 5 overall and also dubbed "Troubled Land" No. 48 among the 100 best singles of the year.

Mellencamp participated in a star-studded tribute concert to folk legend Pete Seeger on May 3, 2009 at Madison Square Gardenmarker in New York Citymarker. The event, which also featured Bruce Springsteen, Dave Matthews and Kris Kristofferson among others, celebrated Seeger's 90th birthday and raised funds for an environmental organization founded by Seeger to preserve and protect the Hudson River. Mellencamp performed solo acoustic renditions of Seeger and Lee Hays' "If I Had a Hammer" and his own "A Ride Back Home." He said that the former was the first song he learned to play on the guitar, while the latter he wrote “after listening to a bunch of Pete Seeger songs.”

Mellencamp released an eight-track live album called Life, Death, Live and Freedom on June 23, 2009. The album captures live performances of eight Life, Death, Love and Freedom tracks ("If I Die Sudden," "My Sweet Love," "Jena," "A Ride Back Home," "Young Without Lovers," "Don't Need This Body," "Longest Days" and "Troubled Land") and was released in an effort to keep the album in the forefront of his fans' consciousness during his '09 summer tour. These are the only songs from Life, Death, Love and Freedom that Mellencamp has played live. The other six tracks on the album have yet to be given a live airing. This is the first official live album of Mellencamp's career.

Mellencamp embarked on a tour of minor league ballparks with Bob Dylan and Willie Nelson in the summer of 2009 that ran from July 2-August 15. While he was on tour, Mellencamp recorded a new album, which is titled No Better Than This and was again produced by T Bone Burnett. According to his official website, Mellencamp says the album is as "as American folk as I've ever been."

No Better Than This was recorded at historic locations, such as the First African Baptist Church in Savannah, Georgiamarker as well as at the historic Sun Studiomarker in Memphismarker and the Sheraton Gunter Hotel in San Antoniomarker, where blues pioneer Robert Johnson recorded blues staples like “Sweet Home Chicago” and “Crossroad Blues.” Mellencamp recorded the album using a 1951 Ampex portable recording machine and only one microphone, requiring all the musicians to gather together around the mic. The album was recorded in mono -- the same manner as the classic folk and blues recordings of the 1930s and '40s.

Mellencamp wrote over 30 songs for the record, and he wrote one song specifically for Room 414 at the Gunther Hotel, which is exact room where Johnson recorded in November 1936 and Mellencamp recorded parts of No Better Than This in August 2009. "It's called 'Right Behind Me' or 'Right Behind Us,' I haven't decided yet. I wrote it just for this room," Mellencamp told the San Antonio Express-News. "I could have done this in my studio. But I want to do it this way, and if I can't do what I want at this point, I'm not going to do it. If it's not fun, I'm not going to do it. I'm through digging a ditch."

It has been reported that No Better Than This will be "a complete change of style-and voice" for Mellencamp.

On May 17, 2009 Mellencamp performed at a political fundraiser for the Democratic National Committee in Indianapolis and debuted a new song called "Save Some Time to Dream," which will be included on No Better Than This. "It's about individual freedom and thought—and controlling our own lives," Mellencamp said of the new tune. He debuted "Save Some Time to Dream" for a concert audience at his July 10, 2009 show in Daytonmarker, Ohiomarker and it remained in his setlist until the conclusion of his 2009 summer tour on August 15.

There are 14 new Mellencamp original songs on No Better Than This, which Mellencamp said was recorded in "beautiful mono," including "Each Day of Sorrow," "No One Cares About Me," "The West End," "Easter Evening," "Clumsy Old World" and the title track. The album will be released in the spring of 2010.

Mellencamp had planned to release a career-spanning box set of rarities and demos in the fall of 2009 titled On the Rural Route 7609, but the set has been delayed until June 2010.

Ghost Brothers of Darkland County

Mellencamp has been working on a musical with horror author Stephen King, entitled Ghost Brothers of Darkland County (originally titled Mississippi Ghost Brothers), since 2000. The play was scheduled to open at Atlanta's Alliance Theatre on April 15, 2009, but the Alliance released a statement on May 5, 2008 that said it's been postponed because of "unanticipated scheduling problems which could not be resolved in time for the production." The statement also said that members of the creative team "realized the script would not be ready by spring 2009." In early 2009, Mellencamp's official website reported that T Bone Burnett is now on board as the musical director of Ghost Brothers of Darkland County.

According to Mellencamp's official website, production of the Ghost Brothers of Darkland County CD/book package began on June 15, 2009, when Burnett began laying down tracks in Los Angelesmarker for the 18 new songs Mellencamp has written for the musical. The CD will feature an array of guest vocalists recording Mellencamp's songs, with Elvis Costello, Kris Kristofferson, Neko Case, Sheryl Crow and Roseanne Cash being the only artists who have been confirmed as being a part of the project to date. King's dialog will later be assembled in Mellencamp's Belmont Mall studio.

The cast for the production is still not finalized but will definitely be star-studded, according to Mellencamp's website. The projected release of the completed project is January 2010, and it will be in more than one configuration, with a "deluxe" version to include a book containing the show's full text and song lyrics, a CD featuring the show's dialog and songs, and a second CD with only the songs.

The Alliance Theatre originally described Ghost Brothers of Darkland County as "a sultry Southern gothic mystery with a blues-tinged, guitar-driven score." Ryan D'Agostino of Esquire Magazine sat in on a New York rehearsal of Ghost Brothers of Darkland County in the fall of 2007 and had this to say in his review: "Musicals aren't usually a guy thing. This one, though, is not only tolerable, it's good. It may be the first-ever musical written by men for men. There's no orchestra, just two twangy acoustic guitars, an accordion, and a fiddle. The songs are both haunting and all-American." The story is set in the fictional town of Lake Belle Reve, Miss., and centers on the deaths in 1957 of two brothers and a young girl and the legend that grows out of the tragedy.

Movie career

Mellencamp has made several forays into acting over the years, appearing in four films: Falling from Grace (which he also directed) (1992), Madison (2001, narration only), After Image (2001), and Lone Star State of Mind (2002). John's older brother, Joe Mellencamp, appears in Falling from Grace as the bandleader during the country club scene.

Although he has had little mainstream success as an actor or filmmaker, all of his films have been critically acclaimed, with Roger Ebert calling Falling from Grace "one of the best films of the year" in 1992. The film also garnered praise from the late Gene Siskel.

In April 2007, Mellencamp was a "guest critic" on At the Movies, filling in for Ebert.
Hillbilly Singer by John Mellencamp


In 1988, Mellencamp began painting in earnest after finishing his massive Lonesome Jubilee Tour. His first works were portraits of family, friends and landscapes, which one reviewer compared to German and French impressionists[25768]. He released a book of his early paintings, titled Paintings and Reflections, in 1998.

However, his more recent works, as seen at a 2005 showing at Purdue Universitymarker, are very dark and abstract, containing themes of politics, Christianity, and pop culture.

A number of the paintings he has created since 2000 are available for viewing on his website.

Personal life

Mellencamp lives in Bloomington, Indianamarker and has been married to former supermodel Elaine Irwin Mellencamp since September 5, 1992. Mellencamp has five children from his three marriages: Michelle from his first marriage to Priscilla Esterline (1970-81); daughters Teddi Jo and Justice from his second marriage to Victoria Granucci (1981-89); and sons Hud and Speck from his current marriage.

Mellencamp is known to be a big fan of Indiana University basketball and is regularly seen in attendance at home games. He has been a staunch supporter of Indiana Universitymarker itself for a number of years, having contributed a significant amount of money to the University's cultural and educational programs. In 2000, he gave the IU commencement address, in which he advised graduates to "play it like you feel it!" and that "you'll be all right." Following the delivery of his address, Indiana University bestowed upon him an honorary doctorate of Musical Arts.

A popular fixture in and around Bloomington, Mellencamp is often seen dining out in one of his favorite local restaurants, shopping at local farmer's markets and co-ops, and attending musical/artistic events in town. Despite his constant presence, however, Mellencamp is known among citizens for his desire for privacy and "a normal life," often expressing dismay at being approached for autographs or greetings while shopping, dining out, or relaxing with his family (though he is noted to be very cordial and appreciative to those fans who approach him at "appropriate" times.) Accordingly, "Mellencamp sightings" among Bloomington residents and IU students are a common, though usually anticlimactic, occurrence.

For recreation, Mellencamp enjoys playing flag football with his family, friends, bandmates and crew members, and the spirited nature of these contests has become legendary. In the late '80s and early '90s, Mellencamp and his band engaged in some serious football competition. "In the MFL [Mellencamp Football League], we had hired refs," guitarist Mike Wanchic told in 2002. "On the road, on days off, we'd play the crew and get our asses kicked."

These games often took on a much more serious tone than a typical lighthearted pickup game.

"In the off season in the MFL, we'd play other cities," Wanchic said. "Cincinnati's firemen championship team, we played the New York City flag football team, Jam Promotions in Chicago puttogether a team with the Bears starting quarterback. We played Polygram (Mellencamp's record label in the '80s and '90s) a couple times. At one point, Tommy Motolla, when he was still managing John, challenged us, he and John had a big bet on the game. Motolla showed up with a New York championship flag team, and these motherfuckers were brutal, all serious college players, semi-professional rugby players. They annihilated us, beat us 70 to nothing, the worst ass-kicking I've ever had in my life. So, then the challenge was on. At one point, Mark Gastineau was on our team."

While inducting Mellencamp into the Rock and Roll Hall of Famemarker in March 2008, Billy Joel shared a humorous anecdote about his 1986 brush with Mellencamp's serious brand of flag football.

"I’m doing a concert in Indianapolis," Joel said. "I get a message that John wants to invite us out to his neck of the woods to play a game of flag football. So we thought, this might be a lot of fun since we have a day off after the show and we take him up on it. We get out to John’s place. I had a talk with the guys in the band. I said, 'Listen, take it easy on John. Don’t rough him up or anything. We don’t want to hurt the guy who writes the songs, right. Just score enough points to win but not by too much because the deal is, whoever loses has to buy a steak dinner for both teams.'

"Well as it turns out, we didn’t need to be worrying about John getting hurt. He’s all over the field. Throwing passes, catching passes, running, blocking, intercepting, going 'nan nan nan nan nan.' You name it, he did it and we got creamed. The score was something like 63 to zip right up to the very last play when his team laid down on the field and let us score a touchdown. Class."

In an October 2008 interview with hometown radio station WTTS-FM in Bloomington, Mellencamp said he recently played football with new Indiana University head basketball coach Tom Crean. "If his competitive nature is half of what it was on that little football field that day, we're in good hands," Mellencamp said of Indiana's basketball program under Crean's direction. Mellencamp also noted that he still plays football every Sunday during football season and plays "until it's so cold outside that you can't stand it anymore," although the nature of the games nowadays isn't "as vigorous as it once was."


According to a February 8, 2008 Associated Press report, Mellencamp's camp suggested that the campaign for presidential candidate Sen. John McCain stop using his songs, including "Our Country" and "Pink Houses," during their campaign events. McCain's campaign responded by pulling the songs from their playlist. Mellencamp's publicist, Bob Merlis, noted to the Associated Press that "if (McCain is) such a true conservative, why (is he) playing songs that have a very populist pro-labor message written by a guy who would find no argument if you characterized him as an ardent leftist?"

Mellencamp, an ardent Democrat, performed "Small Town" at a Barack Obama rally in Evansville, Indianamarker on April 22, the night of the 2008 Pennsylvania primary.

Mellencamp also performed "Our Country" at a rally for Hillary Clinton in Indianapolismarker, IN on May 3, 2008, although he never came out in support of either Obama or Clinton during the primaries. "Neither candidate is as liberal as he would prefer, but he's happy to contribute what he can," Merlis said.

However, Mellencamp did publicly support Obama once he earned the Democratic nomination and had this to say on his official website on November 5, 2008 -- the day after Obama was elected the 44th President of the United States:

This, for me, is something I never thought I would see in my life.

I remember the assassination of Martin Luther King and the marches in Selma, Alabama, and seeing Rosa Parks, demonstrators getting sprayed by fire hoses and attacked by police dogs and all the other horrible things that happened at that time in our country. Then I played at the 2004 Democratic Convention, which was my first introduction to Barack Obama, and after his keynote address I looked at my wife Elaine and said, ‘Man, what a poet! He could be president of the United States!’ And that’s absolutely verbatim.

But even I, who have written countless songs about race, could not believe that a man of color could be president of the United States. But today I am so proud of America. I am so happy for all Americans, that we have finally started to fulfill our obligation to the immortal words of our Declaration of Independence, that all men are created equal. We cannot expect this man to immediately change the last eight years of fear and deception, but I think we can rejoice in the fact that there is someone speaking not just for his own interests, now, but hopefully as a voice for us all.

On Sunday, January 18, 2009, Mellencamp performed "Pink Houses" at the Obama inaugural celebration at the Lincoln Memorial.

Honors and awards

Mellencamp has won one Grammy Award (Best Male Rock Performer for "Hurts So Good" in 1982) and been nominated for 12 others. He has also been bestowed with the Nordoff-Robbins Silver Clef Special Music Industry Humanitarian Award (1991), the Billboard Century Award (2001), the Woody Guthrie Award (2003), and the ASCAP Foundation Champion Award (2007). On October 6, 2008, Mellencamp won the prestigious Classic Songwriter Award at the 2008 Q Awards in Londonmarker, Englandmarker. Mellencamp was nominated for induction into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 2009 but was not elected. He's been nominated again for the Class of 2010.

Mellencamp's biggest honor came when he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Famemarker's Class of 2008. The induction ceremony took place in New York City on March 10, 2008, and Mellencamp was inducted by good friend Billy Joel, who asked Mellencamp to induct him into the Rock Hall back in 1999 (Mellencamp had to opt out because of another commitment, so Ray Charles inducted Joel). During his induction speech for Mellencamp, Joel said:

Don't let this club membership change you, John.
Stay ornery, stay mean.
We need you to be pissed off, and restless, because no matter what they tell us - we know, this country is going to hell in a handcart.
This country's been hijacked.
You know it, and I know it.
People are worried.
People are scared, and people are angry.
People need to hear a voice like yours that's out there to echo the discontent that's out there in the heartland.
They need to hear stories about it.
They need to hear stories about frustration, alienation and desperation.
They need to know that somewhere out there somebody feels the way that they do, in the small towns and in the big cities.
They need to hear it.
And it doesn't matter if they hear it on a jukebox, in the local gin mill, or in a goddamn truck commercial, because they ain't gonna hear it on the radio anymore.
They don't care how they hear it, as long as they hear it good and loud and clear -- the way you've always been saying it all along.
You're right John, this is still our country.


See also


  1. John Mellencamp: Biography on Yahoo! Music
  2. Udo Thörner: Kalkriese, ein Dorf im Osnabrücker Land, und die amerikanische Hitparade at
  3. [1]
  4. [2]
  5. 'Small Town' rocker John Mellencamp sings for Obama By: Mark Memmott and Jill Lawrence 07:53 PM/ET, April 21, 2008

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