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John P.
Stockton
John Potter Stockton (August 2, 1826–January 22, 1900) was a New Jerseymarker politician who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat.

Born in Princeton, New Jerseymarker, Stockton was the son of Robert F. Stockton, grandson of Richard Stockton and the great-grandson of Richard Stockton , both prominent New Jersey politicians. He graduated from Princeton Universitymarker, then known as the College of New Jersey, where he studied law.

Stockton's first foray into politics was as U.S. Minister to the Papal Statesmarker (1858–1861). After returning to New Jersey to practice law for four years, he was appointed to the Senate. His first tenure lasted barely a year before he voted against the propostition of the Fourteenth Amendment, which failed to pass the Senate by one vote. In response to this, the Senate passed a motion, by a majority of one, to retroactively unseat him, despite the fact that the Constitution specified that a two thirds majority was required to expell a Senator. The inventive response to this was that the Senate was unseating him retroactively, which was claimed to be quite distinct from expulsion. The outrage caused by this lead to New Jersey rescinding its ratification of the Amendment, in protest of his arbitrary removal. He returned to the Senate, this time for a full six-year term, in 1869. Stockton served as New Jersey Attorney General from 1877 to 1897.

Stockton died in New York Citymarker in 1900 at the age of 73. He was interred in Princeton Cemeterymarker, in the borough of Princeton, New Jerseymarker.

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