John Parke Custis (27
November 1754 – 5 November 1781) was a Virginia planter and
stepson of George
most likely born at White
House, his parents' plantation in New Kent County,
He was the son of Daniel Parke Custis
, a wealthy planter,
and Martha Dandridge Custis
the death of his father in 1757, he inherited almost 18,000 acres
(73 km²) of land. In 1759, his mother married George Washington and moved with her
children to Mount Vernon.
Custis briefly attended King's College
(later Columbia University
On February 3, 1774, Custis married Eleanor Calvert
. granddaughter of Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron
and daughter of Benedict Calvert,
. Four of their seven children survived infancy:
Custis sat in the Virginia
House of Delegates
from 1778 until 1781. Arlington
National Cemetery sits on land he once owned.
He served as a
civilian aide-de-camp to Washington during the siege of Yorktown
. He was said not to have
shared the same ambitions as his step-father. He even cheated him
in a business agreement. He contracted camp fever and died in New
Kent County not long after Cornwallis's surrender. He was buried in
County, near Williamsburg.
- Maryland Historical Society. Maryland Historical Magazine, p.
- Frank E. Grizzard Jr. George Washington: A Biographical
Companion (2002), pages 67–70.
- John T. Kneebone et al., eds., Dictionary of Virginia
Biography (Richmond: Library of Virginia, 1998- ), 3:639-640.