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John Pike (1613-1688/1689) was a founder of Woodbridgemarker, New Jerseymarker and a judge and politician of the early colony of New Jersey.

Pike was born in Wiltshiremarker, Englandmarker. He came to America with his parents, John Pike (1572-1654) and Dorothy Day, first settling in Newbury, Massachusettsmarker.

In 1665, acting on the invitation of Governor Philip Carteret, a number of Newbury residents formed a corporation to settle in Woodbridge, named after Rev. John Woodbridge, a Newbury clergyman. Pike, one of the original nine "associates" (and thereby granted some 300 acres, much more than other freeholders), was "the prominent man of the town" in its early years. He was President of Woodbridge, and in 1671 was appointed to the Governor's Council. After 1675, he was Captain of the militia, and afterward known as Capt. Pike. He was chosen to represent the township in the colonial General Assembly three times: 1692-3, 1696, and 1697-8.

In 1684, together with his son John, he was convicted of possession of stolen goods, a felony. After his death, the New Jersey assembly passed an act clearing his name, as well as one allowing his family to sue for defamation.

Personal life

Pike married Elizabeth Fitz Randolph in 1685, although he already had several grown children: John (1634-1714), Thomas, Joseph, Hannah, Ruth, and three others who predeceased him.

Pike is an ancestor of Zebulon Montgomery Pike (1779-1813) explorer and army general, after whom Pikes Peakmarker is named. He is also the patriarch of a large clan of modern day Pikes. According to genealogist using DNA analysis, almost 25% of current Pikes in the United States are descendants from his line.

He is also an ancestor of Albert Pike, a prominent Confederate brigadier general and an important Freemason.


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