John Renshaw Thomson
(September 25, 1800
– September 12, 1862) was a Democratic US Senator from New Jersey.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; attended the common schools in Princeton, New
Jersey, and the College of New Jersey (now Princeton
University); went to China in 1817 and
became a merchant in Canton; United
States consul at that port 1823-1825; returned to the United States
and settled in Princeton, New Jersey.
He was director and secretary of the Delaware and Raritan Canal
; connected with the Philadelphia and Trenton
as president and later as treasurer; member of the
State constitutional convention in 1844; unsuccessful Democratic
candidate for Governor of New
He was elected as a Democrat
to the United States Senate
to fill the
vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert F. Stockton; reelected in 1857, and served
from March 4 1853, until
his death in Princeton, New Jersey.
He had been Chairman of the Committee on
Patents and the Patent Office (Thirty-sixth United States
) and the Committee on Pensions (Thirty-sixth
interred in Princeton Cemetery, Princeton, New Jersey.