The Hon. John Saunders (D.C.L.) (June 1,
1754 - May 24, 1834) was a British soldier,
lawyer, and Chief Justice of the colonial Province of New Brunswick.
Born to landed gentry
in Princess Anne County,
, Thirteen Colonies
, during the American Revolutionary War
remained loyal to Britain. At the outbreak of the war, Saunders
raised a troop of Dragoons
at his own
expense. Merged into the Queen's
, he rose to the rank of Captain and served under
John Graves Simcoe
. In 1782, Saunders went
to England to study
law and entered the Middle Temple.
In 1787, he was called to the English Bar
and in 1790 was
appointed a Judge of the Supreme Court of New
home in Fredericton, in 1790 he married Arianna Chalmers (1768-1845),
the daughter of the wealthy Loyalist, Lt. Col. James Chalmers
soldiers of the Queen's Rangers, Saunders was entitled to Crown grants of land in
the Queensbury / Southampton, New Brunswick area,
a then unsettled forestry about west of Fredericton on the Saint John
While enlisted men received land parcels
with restrictive covenants of between to , Saunders, as part of the
elite and Surveyor
of the Province, was given more than without any
restrictions. At Pokiok, he built an estate known as the Barony, a
symbol of his aristocratic status.
John Saunders was appointed to the Legislative Assembly of
and on May 3, 1793 was appointed the province's
and Surveyor General. In 1822, Saunders was elevated
to Chief Justice of New
, a position he held for the rest of his life.
John Saunders died in 1834 at Fredericton and was buried in the
city's Old Burying Grounds.