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John Todd (March 27, 1750August 18, 1782) was a frontier military officer during the American Revolutionary War and the first administrator of the Illinois County of the U.S. state of Virginiamarker before that state ceded the territory to the federal government.


Todd was born in Montgomery County, Pennsylvaniamarker, the son of David Todd and the brother of Robert and Levi Todd, the latter being grandfather of Mary Todd Lincoln. He was educated in Virginia at a school run by his uncle, the Rev. John Todd. After obtaining a license to practice law, Todd settled in Fincastle, Virginiamarker.

In 1774, Todd served in the Battle of Point Pleasantmarker, which was fought near present-day Point Pleasant, West Virginiamarker and is celebrated in West Virginia as he first battle in the American Revolutionary War. He was then drawn west into the recently opened frontier of Kentucky where he purchased land near Lexingtonmarker.

Todd served in the Virginia legislaturemarker in 1776 and then participated in the expedition led by George Rogers Clark against Kaskaskiamarker and Vincennesmarker that captured the Illinois Country from the Britishmarker in 1778. With Clark as commandant of the entire territory north and west of the Ohio river, Todd was appointed as County Lieutenant and Civil Commandant of "Illinois County", which had been organized by the Virginia legislature in 1778 with the government based in Kaskaskia.

In 1780, Todd returned to Richmond, Virginiamarker, as a delegate from the Kentucky County to the Virginia Legislature, where he married Jane Hawkins. His wife settled on their property in Lexington, while he left to administer affairs in Illinois County. Because of his duties on the frontier, he was seldom home. In 1780, the Virginia Legislature divided the original Kentucky County into three counties: Lincolnmarker, Jeffersonmarker, and Fayettemarker. Colonel Todd was placed in charge of Fayette County militia with Daniel Boone as Lieutenant Colonel.

Todd died in 1782 in the Battle of Blue Licks in Robertson County, Kentuckymarker, one of the last battles of the Revolutionary War. Todd County, Kentuckymarker is named after him.


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