Jolo is a volcanic island in the
southwest Philippines. It is located in the Sulu
Mindanao and Borneo, and has a
population of approximately 300,000 people.
Jolo is also the name of the town on the island which
serves as the capital of the province of Sulu, within the
in Muslim Mindanao.
About a third of the island's population live in the municipality
is part of the Jolo
Group of volcanoes, and contains
numerous volcanic cones and craters, including the active Bud Dajo cinder cone.
The former Sultanate of Sulu
the site of continuing fierce resistance to its forcible inclusion
in American occupied Philippines. Admiral George Dewey
, commander of US forces invading
the Spanish Philippines in 1899, entered into a treaty with the
Sultan of Sulu
continuing independence of the Sultanate of Sulu in return for
sultanate forces assisting US forces defeat the Spanish in the
Philippines. US Congress later repudiated the treaty, leading to
the US invasion of the sultanate and its forcible inclusion into
American occupied Philippines. The former Sultanate was the site of fierce
resistance to this forcible inclusion, and continues to be the site
of armed resistance to Republic of the Philippines denial of its separate existence.
Fighting on the island flared up again in February 2005 when
between 4,000 and 5,000 Philippine troops clashed with around 800
militants from the Abu Sayyaf
group, along with followers of
. Up to 12,000 people were
thought to have fled the fighting. Fighting is still continuing