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General José Ignacio de Gorriti (1770–1835-11-09) was an Argentinemarker statesman, soldier and lawyer. He was a deputy to the Congress of Tucumán which on 9 July 1816 declared the Independence of Argentina.

Gorriti was born in Jujuy to the important local citizens Ignacio de Gorriti Navarro and Feliciana Coeto. He and his brother Juan Ignacio de Gorriti (later a famous priest) studied at the Montserrat School in Córdobamarker. In 1788 he entered the University of Chuquisaca, graduating in canonical and civil law. He was forced to return to Jujuy on the death of his father to look after the family and their interests. In 1802 he married Facunda Zuviría.

In 1810, following the May Revolution, Gorriti became an active and vocal supporter of the revolutionary cause. He campaigned with the Army of the North and alongside General Martín Güemes, and was subsequently elected by a grateful Salta to the Tucumánmarker Congress, serving in 1816 for the declaration. When the Congress moved to Buenos Airesmarker in 1817, he resigned to continue to work in Salta with Güemes. He had a distinguished role in the campaign, organising the gaucho cavalry and in 1820 won a key battle against the royalists.

Gorriti was made governor of Salta Province in 1822 and served with distinction, having a second term between 1827 and 1829. He had several further military successes both against Spanishmarker forces and against the Federals under Juan Facundo Quiroga. However, Quiroga's later success obliged him to go in exile to Bolivia, where he died penniless with many children.

Gorriti's daughter was Juana Manuela Gorriti, the writer, who married future Bolivian President, Manuel Isidro Belzu.


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