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José Sabogal (March 19, 1888 – December 15, 1956) was a Peruvianmarker painter and muralist who was "the most renowned early supporter" and thus a leader in the artistic indigenist movement of his country. As Daniel Balderston, Mike Gonzalez, and Ana M. López assert, Sabogal "became Peru's militant indigenist and aesthetic nationalist, and led this movement for the next thirty years.


Although Sabogal's own descent was Spanish rather than indigenous, he promoted pre-Columbian culture and esthetics. A six month stay in Cuzcomarker prompted his indigenism; he took an interest in depicting the city and its inhabitants. In 1919 his Cuzco paintings attracted attention at an exhibition in Lima. As Jane Turner explains, "in 1919 was the first exhibition of the work of JOSÉ SABOGAL at the CasaBrandes in Lima, an event that would be immensely influential on the future..."

Sabogal decided to promote Peruvian art to international audiences after a 1922 visit to Mexico where he met Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros. These efforts were so successful that in "the field of the visual arts, the most striking phenomenon of the 1920s was the rise of José Sabogal (1888-1956), founder and long-time leader of the so-called 'Peruvian School' of painting."

Education and academic career

He was born in Lima, Perumarker and traveled extensively in Europe (particularly Italymarker) and North Africa from 1908 to 1913 before enrolling in the National School of Fine Arts in Buenos Airesmarker, Argentinamarker where he studied for five years.

Sabogal taught at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, Lima (National School of Fine Arts, Lima) from 1920 onward. He served as its director from 1932 to 1943. Afterward Sabogal and Luis E. Valcárel cofounded the Instituto Libre de Arte Peruano (Free Institute of Peruvian Arts) at the Museo Nacional de la Cultura Peruana (National Museum of Peruvian Culture).


  1. Holliday T. Day, Hollister Sturges, Edward Lucie-Smith, and Damián Bayón, Art of the fantastic: Latin America, 1920-1987 (Indianapolis Museum of Art, 1987), 128.
  2. Sara Benson, Paul Hellander, and Rafael Wlodarski, Peru (Lonely Planet, 2007), 49.
  3. Ed. Leslie Bethell, A Cultural History of Latin America: Literature, Music and the Visual Arts in the 19th and 20th Centuries (Cambridge University Press, 2008), 88.
  4. Daniel Balderston, Mike Gonzalez, and Ana M. López, Encyclopedia of contemporary Latin American and Caribbean cultures (CRC Press, 2000), 4.
  5. Jane Turner, The dictionary of art, v. 24 (Grove's Dictionaries, 1996), 509.
  6. Institute for the Study of Ideologies and Literature, Instituto de Cine y Radio-Televisión, I & L, Ideologies & literature v. 3, nos. 11-14 (Institute for the Study of Ideologies and Literature., 1980), 76.

Was born in Cajabamba, Cajamarca

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