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Juan de Torrezal Díaz Pimienta, Spanish governor of Cartagena, Viceroy of New Granada

Juan de Torrezar Díaz Pimienta (sometimes Juan de 'Torrezal Díaz Pimienta) (d. June 11, 1782, Bogotámarker) was a Spanish military officer and colonial official. He was twice governor of Cartagena de Indiasmarker, after which he was promoted to viceroy of New Granada.


He was a brigadier in the royal army and a knight of the Order of Carlos III. In 1779 he was promoted to field marshal. He was governor of the province of Cartagena two times. The first time was from May 12, 1774 to September 14, 1780, and the second time was from May 1, 1781 to April 21, 1782.

During his government, Lieutenant Antonio de Latorre founded 43 pueblos, in which 41,000 persons were settled. One of these was Montería.

As viceroy of New Granada

He took possession of his new office on April 1, 1782, still in Cartagena. Before leaving that city, he announced a generous amnesty for those charged in the Revolt of the Comuneros. On April 21 he left Cartagena to take up his new position in Santafé de Bogotá, the capital of the viceroyalty. He was already old and infirm, although he had recently married a 17-year-old Cartagena native, María de Salas. His predecessor, Manuel Antonio Flores, a popular viceroy who had served more than 11 years in the office, had apparently been forced to resign by José de Gálvez, Minister of the Indies in Spain, and Antonio Caballero y Góngora, Archbishop of Bogotá.

Torrezal Díaz was received along the way at Honda by Archbishop Caballero y Góngora. A great banquet was held in his honor. It was said that the archbishop, who was present at the banquet, did not eat. Torrezal Díaz did, however. He arrived at the capital one week later (June 7). He was very sick and died in agony four days after his arrival. Some believed that he had been poisoned by the archbishop. The official report of his death said he died of infection. A sealed royal document intended to beopened only in the event of his death identified Archbishop Caballero y Góngora as his replacement.


  • Restrepo Sáenz, José María. Biografías de los mandatarios y ministros de la Real Audiencia, 1671-1819. Bogotá, Academia Colombiana de Historia, 1952.

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