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Judd Alan Gregg (born February 14, 1947) is a former Governor of New Hampshire and current United States Senator serving as ranking member of the Senate Budget Committee. He is a member of the Republican Party and was a businessman and attorney in Nashuamarker before entering politics. Gregg was nominated for Secretary of Commerce in the Cabinet by President Barack Obama, but withdrew his name on February 12, 2009.


Born in Nashua, he is the son of Hugh Gregg, who was Governor from 1953 to 1955. Gregg graduated from Phillips Exeter Academymarker in 1965. Gregg received his baccalaureate from Columbia University in 1969 and, from Boston University School of Lawmarker, a Juris Doctor in 1972 and a Master of Laws in 1975.

Elected office

The second elective office held by Gregg was a seat on the Executive Council of New Hampshire, a post which he held from 1978 to 1980. He was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1980, and was reelected in 1982, 1984 and 1986. He declined to run for reelection in 1988, and ran for Governor of New Hampshire instead. He won that election and was reelected in 1990, New Hampshire being one of two states (Vermontmarker is the other) that continues to elect its governors to two-year, rather than four-year, terms. He served in that position until 1993.


In 1992, Gregg decided to run for a Senate seat. He successfully defeated Democrat John Rauh, and took his seat as a United States Senator in 1993. He was reelected to a second term in 1998 after defeating George Condodemetraky, and ran for a third term. That year, 2004, he defeated campaign finance activist Doris "Granny D" Haddock, the then-94-year-old Democratic nominee, by 66% to 34%.

In January 2005, Gregg was elected to chair the U.S. Senate Committee on Budget by the Senate Republican Conference. While chairman of this committee Gregg has been a steadfast supporter of lower spending. Throughout his Senate career he has been highly supportive of lower taxes as well.

Gregg has a moderate record on social issues. In June 2006 he joined six of his fellow Republicans in voting against the Federal Marriage Amendment. In April 2007 he was among the breakaway Republicans to support the Stem Cell Research Enhancement Act. However, his record on the issue of abortion is a solidly pro-life one. Gregg has voted for some gun control measures and against others. He voted against the Brady Bill, but in recent years has voted for trigger control locks on firearms and in favor of the ban on assault weapons.

During the 2004 Presidential Election, Gregg stood in for John Kerry during practice sessions held by George W. Bush in preparation for the 2004 United States Presidential Election Debates. Four years earlier he had played the part of Al Gore for the same purpose.

On October 29, 2007, Gregg endorsed Mitt Romney, former Governor of Massachusettsmarker, to be the Republican nominee for President of the United States.

After withdrawing from his nomination to become United States Secretary of Commerce in the presidential administration of Democrat Barack Obama on February 12, 2009, Gregg said he would "probably not" seek reelection in 2010, when his term of office is set to expire. 'I couldn't be Judd Gregg'

In October, 2009, Gregg said “You talk about systemic risk. The systemic risk today is the Congress of the United States...we’re creating these massive debts which we’re passing on to our children...(the figures) mean we’re basically on the path to a banana republic-type of financial situation in this country.”

Committee assignments

Congressional Oversight Panel

On November 14, 2008 Gregg was appointed by United States Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell to serve on the five-member Congressional Oversight Panel created to oversee the implementation of the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act. Gregg "stepped aside" on December 1 citing his Senate workload.

Commerce Secretary nomination and withdrawal

On February 2, 2009, Politico and CNN reported that Gregg accepted President Obama's offer to be the next United States Secretary of Commerce. If Gregg had been confirmed by the Senate, he would have had to resign his Senate seat and be replaced with an appointment by Democratic Governor John Lynch. Sources from both parties confirmed that Gregg's former chief of staff, Republican Bonnie Newman, would have been chosen to replace him. The Washington Post had alleged that Gregg would not accept the appointment unless Gov. Lynch agreed to appoint a Republican to fill his seat until 2010. In February 2009 many news outlets noted that Gregg had, in 1995, voted to abolish the United States Department of Commercemarker. Although he has stated that he supports the stimulus package promoted by President Obama, he has stated that he will recuse himself from voting on the package.

With reports that the Obama administration would move the United States census, typically run by the Commerce Department, out of Gregg's jurisdiction, Republican leaders urged Obama to allow Gregg to run the census or withdraw Gregg's nomination. On February 12, 2009, Gregg withdrew his name from consideration for the position of United States Commerce Secretary, citing disagreements with issues surrounding the census and the stimulus plan. White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs issued a statement regarding Gregg's withdrawal in which he accused the senator of not following through on his alleged statements of support for Obama's economic agenda made during the vetting process:
Senator Gregg reached out to the President and offered his name for Secretary of Commerce. He was very clear throughout the interviewing process that despite past disagreements about policies, he would support, embrace, and move forward with the President's agenda. Once it became clear after his nomination that Senator Gregg was not going to be supporting some of President Obama's key economic priorities, it became necessary for Senator Gregg and the Obama administration to part ways. We regret that he has had a change of heart.
While speaking to press afterward, Gregg acknowledged responsibility for his decision and accepted the blame for accepting and then rejecting the Commerce Secretary nomination.

In an interview response to the AP, Gregg was quoted as saying, "For 30 years, I've been my own person in charge of my own views, and I guess I hadn't really focused on the job of working for somebody else and carrying their views, and so this is basically where it came out."

Special interest ratings

Republicans for Environmental Protection issued Gregg an "environmental harm demerit" for sponsoring the 2006 S.C. Resolution 83, which according to REP "included only one revenue-raising instruction to Senate appropriations committees, an abuse of the congressional budget process in order to force oil drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refugemarker," and "would perpetuate America's dangerous oil dependence and damage the most scenic, wildlife-rich reserve in the circumpolar north." The organization also praised Gregg, together with John E. Sununu, for their work to pass the New England Wilderness act, which classified nearly 100,000 acres (400 km²) of New Hampshire and Vermont as wilderness. In 2006, Gregg received a score of 43% from the nonpartisan League of Conservation Voters.

The University of New Hampshiremarker renamed its Environmental Technology Building Gregg Hall, because Gregg used earmarks to secure $266 million of federal funds for research and development projects for the university. The Judd Gregg Meteorology Institute (JGMI), established in 2003, is the center of meteorological and atmospheric research at Plymouth State Universitymarker in Plymouth, NHmarker, which offers the only meteorology degree program in the state. The Senator was also instrumental in the establishing of the New Hampshire Institute of Politicsmarker at Saint Anselm Collegemarker in 1999.

The libertarian Cato Institute classifies Gregg as a "Free Trader," voting against trade barriers and trade subsidies 81% and 86% of the time, respectively.

In 2007, Gregg voted for the CLEAN Energy Act of 2007 (H.R. 6) and the Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007 (S. 1639).

Possible conflicts of interest

In the Senate Gregg was the leading Republican negotiator and author of the TARP program, which bailed out financial institutions, while he had a multi-million dollar investment in the Bank of America. On the other hand, it was by definition an emergency situation.

In February 2009, the Associated Press reported that Gregg and his family profited personally from federal earmarks steered by the senator for the redevelopment of a closed Air Force base. Gregg has denied any wrongdoing, and claimed his withdrawal for the Cabinet position had nothing to do with what the White House found about his involvement with the real estate companies during the vetting process. Gregg explained his investments by saying, "I've throughout my entire lifetime been involved in my family's businesses and that's just the way our family works. We support each other and our activities."

Intent to prevent transparency at the Federal Reserve

On November 20, 2009, Gregg vowed to block any legislation put forth that would provide transparency at the Federal Reserve by performing a complete audit. Gregg stated, "I would not vote for any bill and I would filibuster any bill that had this language in it." Senator Gregg was referring to HR 1207, also known as the 'Audit The Fed' bill drafted by Ron Paul. Gregg was also quoted as attributing the bill's success thus far to "populist fervor" and "pandering" to the public. The bill has been shown in recent polls to have the support of over three-quarters of citizens.

Personal life

Gregg belongs to the Congregationalist Church. He is married to Kathleen MacLellan Gregg; the couple have two daughters, Molly and Sarah, and a son, Joshua.

Gregg won more than $850,000 in 2005 after buying $20 worth of Powerball tickets at a Washington, D.C.marker convenience store.He is a member of the Sons of the American Revolution.

Electoral history

Recent Voting Record

On October 6, 2009 Senator Gregg voted NAY on Franken Amdt. No. 2588.


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