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During the Austrianmarker July Revolt of 1927 (also known as Black Friday), 84 protesters were killed by Austrianmarker police forces, while four policemen died, on July 15, 1927. More than 600 people were injured.

The clash was the result of conflict between the Social Democrats and an alliance including wealthy industrialists and the Roman Catholic Church in Austria. Both paramilitary forces had been created during the 1920s, namely the right-wing Heimwehr in 1921-1923 and the left-wing Republikanischer Schutzbund in 1923. A clash between those groups in Schattendorfmarker, Burgenlandmarker, on January 30, 1927 resulted in the death of a man and a child. Right-wing veterans were indicted for those deaths at a court in Viennamarker in July, but acquitted in a jury trial.This led to a general strike which had the aim of bringing down the government headed by Chancellor Ignaz Seipel. Massive protests resulted in a fire at the Justizpalast in Vienna. Police minister Johann Schober attempted to suppress the protests with force, which resulted in 84 deaths.


  • G.R.E. Gedye, Fallen Bastions (London, 1939)
  • F. Carsten, Fascism in Austria (London, 1977)

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