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Junín is a region in the central highlands and westernmost Amazonia of Perumarker. Its capital is Huancayomarker.

Geography

The region has a very heterogeneous topography. The western cordillera located near the border with the Lima Region, has snowy and ice covered peaks. On the east, there are high glacier valleys which end up in high plateaus (Altiplanomarker). Among them is the Junín Plateau that is located between the cities of La Oroyamarker and Cerro de Pascomarker.

The Mantaro Valley becomes wider before Jauja up to the limit with the Huancavelica Region. This area concentrates a large share of the region's population. Towards the east, near the jungle, there is an abundance of narrow and deep canyons, with highly inclined hillsides, covered by woods under low-lying clouds.

The Huaytapallana Cordillera is located in the south central area of the region. This cordillera holds a great fault which is the reason earthquakes happen in the area. The upper jungle, with valleys of great length, modelled by the Tulumayo, Paucartambo, Perené and Ene rivers, is located on the eastern side of the region.

Lake Junínmarker, the largest lake entirely within Peru, is located in the region, except for its northernmost tip which belongs to the Pasco Region.

Junín Region is also home to Mount Toromocho.

Boundaries

The Junín Region borders the regions of Pasco on the north, Ucayali on the northeast and Cusco on the east. The Mantaro River marks the region's border with the Ayacucho and Huancavelica regions on the south and on the west, it is bordered by the Lima Region.

Climate

The Junín Region has an average annual temperature of 13.1°C (56°F), a maximum high of 17°C (62°F) and a minimum low of 0°C (32°F).

The rainy season runs from November to April, and from December to March in tropical areas.

Historia

Las llanuras de Junín eran conocidas como la región Pampus, que hasta la llegada de la Inca s fue habitada por un semi-salvaje, pendenciero grupo de personas cuyos rivales eran los Tarumas. Mientras tanto, el Valle del Mantaro fue habitada por los huancas. Inca Pachacútec conquistado todos estos pueblos en 1460, que luego se convirtió en parte de la Inca Empire. Huancayo se convirtió en la carretera principal de la región de descanso parada en el Camino Inca.

Fábricas de lana (conocido en español comoobrajes) se crearon durante el virreinato, cuando el tejido y el tejido se convirtió en una tradición que continúa en nuestros días. El 13 de septiembre, 1825, Simón Bolívar expidió un decreto creando lo que hoy es la Región de Junín, para conmemorar su victoria en las Pampas de Junín (Batalla de Junín), la última de carga de la caballería real en el mundo occidental donde no fue un balazo disparado, pero saber sólo se utilizó. Grandes acontecimientos de importancia nacional se produjeron durante este periodo: Huancayo fue sede de la Asamblea que dictó la 1839 Constitución y en 3 de diciembre, 1854, Ramón Castilla firmó un decreto que concedió la libertad a Afro-Peruana esclavos.

Political division

The region is divided into nine provinces ( , singular: ), which are composed of 123 districts (distritos, singular: distrito).

The provinces, with their capitals in parenthesis, are:

Places of interest



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