The Full Wiki

Junior college: Map

Advertisements
  
  
  

Wikipedia article:

Map showing all locations mentioned on Wikipedia article:



The term junior college refers to different educational institutions in different countries.

India

In Indiamarker, most states provide schooling through grade 12. Maharashtramarker, Orissamarker, Andhra Pradeshmarker and Karnatakamarker however, have a system of junior colleges where, after taking the 10th grade board exams (SSLC), students have to apply to junior colleges to complete their 11th and 12th grades. Junior colleges are also referred to as Pre-University Colleges (PUC). Junior colleges are frequently co-located with degree colleges.

Some of the famous junior colleges of Mumbaimarker include St. Xavier's College, K. C. College, Jai Hind Collegemarker, Ruparel College and Ramnarain Ruia College. Some of the famous junior colleges of Bangaloremarker include Christ Junior Collegemarker, St. Joseph's Collegemarker, Vijaya college and Sri Bhagawan Mahaveer Jain College.

Japan

See List of junior colleges in Japan.

United States

In the United States, a junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide academic, vocational and professional education. The highest certificate offered by such schools is usually an associate's degree, although many junior college students continue their education at a university or college, transferring some or all of the credit earned at the junior college toward the degree requirements of the four-year school.

Junior colleges originated in the Chautauqua movement in late 19th century New Yorkmarker State. Around the turn of the century, groups from established colleges and universities would travel around the nation, visiting small towns that did not have access to upper-level schools, offering eight to ten-week courses on subjects such as the arts, science and literature.

The term junior college has historically referred to all non-bachelor's degree granting post-secondary schools, but over the last few decades many public junior colleges, which typically aim to serve a local community, have replaced "junior" with "community" in their names. This may give the impression that a junior college must be a private school, but only a small percentage of two-year institutions are private. Many public community colleges continue to be called "junior college", and the two terms are used interchangeably in casual speech.

Cultural connotations

Junior colleges have long had to contend with a reputation for low academic standards. The concept can be traced back 100 years to the original public junior college, Joliet Junior College, which was set up in a high school as the equivalent of grades 13 and 14 in order to prepare qualified students for the final two years of college.John Merrow, Community Colleges: Dream Catchers, The New York Times, April 22, 2007. To some extent this is inherent in the junior college mission of providing practical education to students who for various reasons fall outside the typical profile of a four-year college student (for example, someone who has graduated high school and spent several years working in a relatively unskilled job). Over the years, such colleges developed a reputation as the schools of last resort.Beth Frerking, Community Colleges: For Achievers, a New Destination, The New York Times, April 22, 2007. According to federal statistics, 42% of public community college freshmen take remedial courses.John Merrow, Community Colleges: A Harsh Reality, The New York Times, April 22, 2007. However this does not necessarily affect their future transfer prospects: a junior college graduate with good grades can generally transfer to a four-year school and go on to obtain a full bachelor's degree; and there is a growing movement of students who are attending junior colleges to save significant sums of money in the first two years of a four year education.John Merrow, Community Colleges: The Smart Transfer, The New York Times, April 22, 2007.

Athletics

Certain junior colleges also serve as incubators for college athletes, particularly in basketball and football; in sports parlance, they are often referred to as "Jucos".Robert Andrew Powell, Community College: Tennis in a Parking Lot, The New York Times, April 22, 2007 A talented player who would not meet the academic or athletic standards of a major college program may be able to play for two years in junior college, establishing an academic record in the process, and then transfer to the major college.Robert Andrew Powell, Community College: Tennis in a Parking Lot, The New York Times, April 22, 2007 This process has occasionally resulted in scandals, often involving the academics of the student athletes.Robert Andrew Powell, Community College: Tennis in a Parking Lot, The New York Times, April 22, 2007

Military junior college

In the United Statesmarker, a Military junior college is a military-style junior college that allows cadets to become commissioned officers in the armed forces reserve in two years, instead of the usual four. The students must still go on to complete a bachelor's degree before serving as regular officers on active duty.

There are currently five Military junior colleges:



Singapore

In Singapore, a Junior College (JC) is equivalent to a sixth form college in the United Kingdom. After the GCE 'O' level examinations in Secondary 4 or 5, students may apply for admission to either a JC or a polytechnic. The two years spent there culminate in a GCE 'A' level certificate which is the most common qualification used for university admission.

:Category:Junior colleges in Singapore

Canada

See CEGEP.

References

  1. ED327222 1989-12-00 The Survival of Private Junior Colleges. ERIC Digest


See also



External links




Embed code:
Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message