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KCBS-TV, channel 2, is an owned-and-operated station station of the CBS Television Network located in Los Angeles, Californiamarker. KCBS-TV shares its offices and studio facilities with sister station KCAL-TVmarker (channel 9) inside CBS Studio Centermarker in the Studio Citymarker section of Los Angeles, and its transmitter is located atop Mount Wilsonmarker.

History

Early Years

Experimental Origins

KCBS-TV is one of the oldest television stations in the world. It was created by Don Lee Broadcasting, which owned a chain of radio stations on the Pacific Coast, and was first licensed by the Federal Radio Commission, forerunner of the Federal Communications Commission as experimental television station W6XAO in June 1931. On December 23, 1931 it went on the air, and by March 1933 was broadcasting one hour daily except Sundays. The station used a mechanical camera which broadcast only film footage in an 80-line image, but demonstrated all-electronic receivers as early as 1932. It went off the air in 1935, and then reappeared using an improved mechanical camera producing a 300-line image for a month-long demonstration in June 1936. By August 1937, W6XAO had programming on the air six days per week. Live programming started in April 1938.

By 1939, with the image improved to 441 lines, an optimistic estimate of the station's viewership was 1,500 people in a few hundred homes. Many of the receiver sets were built by television hobbyists, though commercially made sets were available in Los Angeles. The station's six-day weekly schedule consisted of live talent four nights, and film two nights. During World War II, programming was reduced to three hours, every other Monday. The station's frequency was switched from Channel 1 to Channel 2 in 1945 when the FCC decided to reserve Channel 1 for low-wattage community television stations.

The station was granted a commercial license (the second in California, behind KTLAmarker) as KTSL on May 6, 1948, and was named for Thomas S. Lee, the son of Don Lee. The station became affiliated with the DuMont Television Network later that year.

CBS acquisition

Since 1949 the CBS television network had been affiliated with KTTVmarker (channel 11), a station in which the network held a minority (49 percent) ownership stake. After an attempt to buy out that station's remaining shares were rebuffed by the majority partner, the Los Angeles Times, CBS and Don Lee struck a deal for the transfer of KTSL. CBS sold its stake in KTTV to the Times, and on January 1, 1951 all CBS programming moved to KTSL. On November 1, 1951, KTSL changed its call letters to KNXT to coincide with CBS' Los Angeles radio outlet, KNXmarker (1070 AM).

In 1960, KNXT created the nation's first one-hour local newscast, The Big News, which featured Jerry Dunphy, one of Southern California's most beloved news icons, along with legendary weatherman Bill Keene and sportscaster Gil Stratton. Also featured were Special Assignment reporter Maury Green and "Human Predicament" essayist Ralph Story. This helped make KNXT the number-one news station in Los Angeles. At times, a quarter of Los Angeles televisions were tuned into The Big News, the highest ratings ever for a television newscast in the area. The station eventually added such reporters as Howard Gingold and Saul Halpert, among others, and added news bureaus in Sacramentomarker, San Franciscomarker and Orange Countymarker, each with full-time correspondents and camera crews. Eventually, KNXT expanded to two-and-a-half hours of live local news, as well as a late-night newscast. However, in the mid 1970s, rival KABC-TVmarker began gaining ratings at KNXT's expense. In 1975, KNXT fired Dunphy (who was quickly hired by KABC) and adopted a format similar to KABC-TV's Eyewitness News with its "happy talk" between anchors. However, the change went nowhere. Just as most of its fellow CBS O&Os were dominating their cities' ratings, KNXT rapidly fell into last place.

As KCBS-TV

On April 2, 1984, at noon, KNXT changed its call letters to the present KCBS-TV. In 1997, it adopted the "CBS2" moniker for its on-air image, following the lead of its Chicago and New York sisters. In 2002, KCBS-TV became a sister station to KCAL-TV after the latter was purchased by CBS Corporation.

For a time during the 1980s and 1990s, KNXT/KCBS-TV had several locally produced programs such as "2 on the Town," a local show similar to Evening Magazine and KABC-TV's Eye on L.A., and Kid Quiz, a Saturday Morning Children's Game show hosted by longtime weathercaster Maclovio Perez. For a time in the mid-2000s, Its sister station KCAL-TV did a show called "9 on the Town."

For most of the time from 1975 to 2006, KNXT/KCBS-TV was not a factor in the Los Angeles television ratings. The exceptions were a brief surge to first place in the early 1980s and another in the mid-1990s when Bill Applegate was General Manager.

During the period, Channel 2 had frequently changed formats to styles that often became unsuccessful and even controversial. In September 1986, Channel 2 implemented a news-wheel format with each half-hour of news devoted to certain topics and themes. For example, there was Entertainment and Lifestyle news early-on and harder news later on. This format was heavily panned by critics and audiences alike and cancelled after only a month.

The late '80s and early '90s brough in the Action News format, which featured a tabloid-type newscast; the style grated on the news staff, which circulated a memo that resulted in the eventual firing of news director John Lippmann. Lippmann was heavily criticized by many, and reportedly had many confrontations with news staff, notably a shoving match between him and anchor Michael Tuck. The station's ratings quickly declined.

CBS management, highly embarrassed at KCBS' subpar performance, responded by bringing in Bill Applegate as general manager. Applegate had previously been general manager at WBBM-TVmarker, and ironically been a reporter there in the early 1970s. While Applegate had been criticized for making WBBM's newscasts flashier than they had previously been, he set about toning down KCBS's newscasts. The station's ratings improved, but Applegate was eventually a casualty of CBS' merger with the Westinghouse corporation in 1996; he'd bickered with Westinghouse over syndicated programming not long after he'd arrived. Westinghouse executives never forgot this; Applegate was one of the first executives to be let go. Channel 2's momentum ground to a halt, and it soon dropped into last place.

KCBS began making another attempt to get out of the ratings basement at the start of the 21st century. In 2000, former KNBCmarker Today in L.A. anchor Kent Shocknek joined KCBS to become its morning co-anchor. Then in 2001 the station hired Harold Greene, longtime anchor at KABC, as its 5 and 11 p.m. anchor. A year later, he was joined by his former partner at KABC, Laura Diaz. In 2004, Paul Magers, longtime anchor at KAREmarker in the Twin Citiesmarker, replaced Greene on the 5 p.m. and 11 p.m. news, bumping Greene to the 4 p.m. and 6 p.m. newscasts. The 4 p.m. newscast moved to KCAL-TV with the arrival of Dr. Phil on KCBS. At the beginning of 2005, longtime KABC weatherman Johnny Mountain moved to KCBS, surprising many since it appeared that he was going to retire.

At first, it seemed that none of these changes brought KCBS any closer to becoming a factor in the Los Angeles news race. However, in April 2006, KCBS grabbed the #2 spot at 5 PM from KABC due to a strong lead-in from Dr. Phil. More importantly, KCBS shot past both KABC and KNBC to take first place at 11 p.m. for the first time in 30 years.

On April 21, 2007, KCBS and KCAL-TV moved from historic CBS Columbia Squaremarker in Hollywoodmarker to an all-digital facility at the CBS Studio Centermarker in Studio Citymarker. The move marks many changes at KCBS and KCAL-TV. Several news personalities have departed, including David Jackson, a respected news anchor who returned to the duopoly after fronting KCAL-TV's Prime 9 News in the early 90's, Kerry Kilbride, reporter Jay Jackson, Paul Dandridge, Dilva Henry, Linda Alvarez, sports anchor Alan Massengale, and Dave Clark, who left for KTVUmarker. Both stations began broadcasting all their newscasts, sports shows, and public affairs programming in High Definition, becoming the third and fourth station in Los Angeles to do so; the other being KABC-TV in February 2006, and KTLAmarker in January 2007. In addition, KCBS and KCAL-TV now operate in a completely tapeless newsroom. This newsroom is named in honor of Jerry Dunphy, who previously worked at both stations in the past.

With the move, KTLAmarker and KCETmarker are the only stations (either in radio or television) in Los Angelesmarker to broadcast from Hollywood.

On April 1, 2008, CBS's owned-and-operated television stations division ordered widespread budget cuts and staff layoffs from its stations, among the largest budget cuts in television history. CBS O&O's across the country have laid off numerous staff members with KCBS and KCAL-TVmarker no exception. As a result of the budget cuts, roughly 10-15 staffers were released by the duopoly. The 6pm anchor team, Harold Greene and Ann Martin, decided to retire from television news after many years in the business. Greene and Martin (who both also anchored KCAL-TV's 4 p.m. newscast) were slated to have their contracts expire in June, and both were considered for layoffs. Additionally, longtime KCBS reporter Jennifer Sabih, and reporters Greg Phillips and Jennifer Davis were let go by the station.

NewsCentral era

CBS2 NewsCentral Logo
On September 19, 2009, KCBS and KCAL rebranded to the NewsCentral brand (unrelated to Sinclair Broadcasting Group's former "News Central" brand). The slogan was changed to News that's central to your life and was refocused to cover on more community news, including news from outlying communities. Local news headlines from the Los Angeles Newspaper Group and other MediaNews Group newspapers are displayed on the ticker, "street team" submissions of video and photos from viewers are featured, reporters end stories with NewsCentral rather than the individual station names, and mic flags and news vehicles have been branded to show both stations at once (previously the KCBS logo was displayed on half the sides and the KCAL logo on the other half). NewsCentral claims that they produce more local news than any other television station in the country, with reporters in Ventura Countymarker, the Inland Empire, and Orange County, and the only Los Angeles television station with two helicopters (subcontracted to Angel City Air, owned by reporter Larry Welk). Ed Asner was used to introduce the new newscast. CBS denies that this move was made in response to other stations pooling newsgathering resources.

Digital television

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

KCBS-DT

KCBS-DT broadcasts on digital channel 43.Digital channels
Channel Name Programming
2.1 KCBS-DT main KCBS-TV/CBS programming


Analog-to-Digital Conversion

KCBS-TV ended programming on its analog signal, on VHF channel 2, and switched to analog nightlight on June 12, 2009 at 1:10 p.m. as part of the DTV transition in the United States. KCBS-TV moved its digital broadcasts from channel 60 to channel 43 using PSIP to display KCBS-TV's virtual channel as 2.

News/Station Presentation

Newscast Titles

  • World News (1938-1948)
  • Telenews (1948-1949)
  • Fleetwood Lawton & The News (1950-1951)
  • World News and KNXT News (1951-1960)
  • The Big News (1960-1976, 6:15 P.M. newscast until September 1, 1963; 6 P.M. newscast since September 2, 1963)
  • 24 Hours (1960-1976, 11 P.M. newscast)
  • 2LA Newsroom (1976-1979)
  • Channel 2 News (1979-1988)
  • Channel 2 Action News (1988-1997)
  • CBS 2 News (1997-September 2009)
  • CBS 2 NewsCentral (September 2009-present)


Station Slogans

  • Here's 2LA (1976-1978)
  • We're Looking Out for You (1978-1982)
  • The Team to Watch (1981-1984)
  • LA Watches 2 (1987-1988)
  • Stand Up and Tell 'em You're From LA (1985-1994; based on Frank Gari's "Turn To" series)
  • Bringing Balance Back to Local News (1997-1999)
  • The Station of the People (2000-2001)
  • CBS 2 is Always On (2005-2009)
  • News That's Central to Your Life (2009-present)


Personalities

The station's former anchors include Connie Chung, Ann Curry, Jerry Dunphy, Ken Jones, Steve Kmetko, Dan Miller, Brent Musburger, Pat O'Brien, Keith Olbermann, Maury Povich, Bree Walker, and Paula Zahn. Ken Jones anchored for KTTV and KCBS Weekends, Jerry Dunphy anchored for KNXT/KCBS and KCAL-TV.

Sports director Jim Hill may well be the station's most notable current personality. Hill, a former San Diego Charger was a sportscaster for CBS Sports during his first stint at KNXT/KCBS-TV, from 1976 to 1987. Hill then left to become sports director at KABC-TV, but returned to KCBS-TV in 1992 and has remained sports director at the station since. Other ex-athletes who are also sportscasters for KCBS and KCAL-TV are Eric Dickerson, James Worthy and Eric Karros.

Current personalities

Current Anchors
  • Laura Diaz - weeknights at 5 and 11PM
  • Paul Magers - weeknights at 5, 6 and 11PM
  • Suzanne Rico - weekday mornings 5-7AM and 11AM
  • Kent Shocknek - weekday mornings 5-7AM and 11AM
  • Sharon Tay - weekends at 5, 6 and 11PM (also weekday reporter)
  • Glen Walker - weekends at 5, 6 and 11PM (also weekday reporter)


KCBS NewsCentral Weather Team
  • Johnny Mountain - Chief Weather Anchor; weeknights at 5, 6 and 11PM
  • Henry DiCarlo (AMS Seal of Approval) - Meteorologist; weekday mornings (5-7AM)
  • Josh Rubenstein (AMS Certified Broadcast Meteorologist/NWA Seal of Approval) - Meteorologist; weekdays at 11AM
  • Kaj Goldberg - Weather Anchor; weekends 5, 6 and 11PM
  • Jackie Johnson - Weather Anchor; fill-in


Sports
  • Eric Dickerson - NFL This Morning analyst
  • Steve Hartman - Sports Anchor; weekends at 6 and 11PM (also Sports Central co-host)
  • Jim Hill - Sports Director; weeknights at 6 and 11PM (also Sports Central host)


Reporters
  • Serene Branson - general assignment reporter
  • Dave Bryan - political reporter
  • Stacey Butler - general assignment reporter
  • Mark Coogan - general assignment reporter
  • Suraya Fadel - freelance reporter
  • Juan Fernández - general assignment reporter
  • Michele Gile - Orange County reporter
  • David Goldstein - investigative reporter
  • Kirk Hawkins - general assignment reporter
  • Kristine Henderson - Orange County reporter
  • Amy Johnson - Ventura County reporter
  • Rachel Kim - general assignment reporter
  • Kristine Lazar - freelance reporter
  • Cater Lee - freelance reporter
  • Dave Lopez - Orange County reporter
  • Dave Malkoff - general assignment reporter
  • Greg Mills - Inland Empire reporter
  • Melissa McCarty - freelance reporter
  • Christina McLarty - entertainment reporter
  • Randy Paige - consumer/investigative reporter
  • Lisa Sigell - general assignment reporter
  • Suzie Suh - general assignment reporter
  • Sharon Tay - general assignment reporter
  • Rick Garcia- Anchor and reporter


Traffic
  • Vera Jimenez - evening traffic reporter (also fill-in weather anchor)


CBS2.com
  • Erik Oginski - managing editor
  • Mark Liu - webcaster / assignment editor / blogger
  • Jenn McBride - webcaster / web producer


Chopper 2
  • Amelia Earhart - Chopper 2 reporter
  • Larry Welk - Chopper 2 pilot/reporter/owner


Station Alumni



Programming Notes

  • KCBS airs The Young and the Restless at 11:30 AM instead of 11 AM. Most CBS affiliates and stations air it at 11 AM in the Pacific, Mountain and Central Time Zones, owing to newscasts that air at 12 Noon. But 11:30 AM is really CBS' recommended time slot to air it. This reflects off the fact that most affiliates in the Eastern Time Zone air it at 12:30 PM, following the midday news. This is also the case at KCBS, in lieu of sister station KCAL-TV's newscast schedule. CBS began offering its affiliates two feeds of the show in 1981 so stations in the Central time zone wouldn't have to tape delay Y&R to air before their midday newscasts.
  • In Los Angeles, national news from the major networks air at 6:30 PM, an hour later than most West Coast affiliates. This includes the CBS Evening News on KCBS. During the 1980s, the CBS Evening News and ABC World News Tonight (broadcast by KABC-TVmarker) aired on their respective stations at 7 p.m., though for a time in 1986-87, KCBS had a 7 pm newscast, thus airing CBS Evening News at 6:30 pm. From 1988 to 1999 KCBS aired the CBS Evening News at 5:30. KCBS was also the last station in the Los Angeles area to offer a 6:30 pm local newscast, when its 6 pm newscast ran for an hour, until KTLAmarker launched one in January 2009.
  • KCBS had 4 p.m. newscasts from time to time. They were the first in the Southland with a 4:30 pm newscast, that was later expanded to an hour. KCBS dropped its 4 p.m. newscasts in 1998 in favor of the short-lived "The Howie Mandel Show", which was canceled after only one season, then in 1999, "Woman 2 Woman" public affairs show. After the acquisition of now-sister station KCAL-TV, KCBS reintroduced the 4 pm newscast, but now airing exclusively on KCAL-TV. "Dr. Phil" now airs in the 4 pm slot on KCBS.
  • KCBS carried Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy! at 7:00 and 7:30 PST from 1989 until 1992, when rival KABC-TVmarker added it to their lineup. Before 1989, both Wheel and Jeopardy! were shown on KCOP-TVmarker. Today the 7 PM hour carries Entertainment Tonight and The Insider. Jeopardy! initially aired during the afternoon hours on KCBS in 1984, before KCOP picked it up a year later.


Rebroadcasters

KCBS is rebroadcast on the following translator stations:



See also



References

  1. http://cbs2.com/local/NewsCentral.CBS.2.2.1198316.html
  2. http://www.broadcastingcable.com/article/354501-CBS_L_A_Duop_Launches_NewsCentral_Branding.php
  3. http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/DA-06-1082A2.pdf
  4. CDBS Print
  5. ABC News: Linda Douglass
  6. Linda Douglass, well-known journalist, becomes a partisan : Top of the Ticket : Los Angeles Times


External links




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