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Kabul River: Map

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Behsood Bridge on Kabul River, Jalalabad - 30th July, 2009
Suspension bridge
Kabul River in Behsood Bridge Area, Jalalabad - 30th July, 2009
Kabul River in Behsood Bridge Area, Jalalabad - 30th July, 2009
Kabul River ( ) ( ) ( ), classically called the Cophes ( ), is a river that rises in the Sanglakh Range in Afghanistanmarker, separated from the watershed of the Helmand by the Unai Passmarker. It is the main river in the eastern part of Afghanistan. It flows 700 km before joining the Indus Rivermarker near Attockmarker. It passes through the cities of Kabulmarker, Chaharbagh, Jalalabadmarker, and (flowing into Pakistan some 30 km north of the Khyber Passmarker) Nowsheramarker. The major tributaries of the Kabul River are the Logar, Panjshir, Kunar, Alingar and Baramarker rivers.

The Kabul river itself is little more than a trickle for most of the year, but swells in summer due to melting snows. Its largest tributary is the Kunar river, which starts out as the Mastuj River, flowing from the Chiantar glacier in Chitralmarker, Pakistan and once it flows south into Afghanistan it is met by the Bashgal river flowing from Nurestan. The Kunar meets the Kabul near Jalalabad. In spite of the Kunar carrying more water than the Kabul, the river continues as the Kabul River after this confluence, mainly for the political and historical significance of the name.

Kabul River in History

This river is attested in the Rig Veda, the earliest scripture of Hinduism, under the name Kubhā (many of the rivers of Afghanistan are mentioned in the Rig Veda). The Sanskrit word later changed to Kābul.

Biruni also called it "the River of Ghorwand".

The Kabul River later gave its name to the region and eventually to the settlement of Kabulmarker.

See also



References


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