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Kalevi Aho (born 9 March 1949 in Forssamarker, Finlandmarker) is a Finnish composer.

Career

Born in Forssamarker, he studied composition at the Sibelius Academymarker under Einojuhani Rautavaara, receiving a diploma in 1971. He continued his studies for a year in Berlinmarker with Boris Blacher. His teaching positions include music theory at the University of Helsinkimarker from 1974 to 1988, and a professorship at the Sibelius Academy from 1988 to 1993. He became composer-in-residence for the Lahti Symphony Orchestra in 1992, and conductor Osmo Vänskä has recorded many of his recent large-scale works with the orchestra. Aho has worked as a freelance composer, with a state scholarship, since 1993. He lives in Helsinkimarker.

Music

Known principally as a composer of large-scale works, to date Aho has composed fourteen symphonies fourteen concertos, four operas and several vocal works. His chamber music includes several quintets, quartets, sonatas and solo works. He first came to fame with his first symphony (1969) and second string quartet (1970). His works of this time showed such neo-classical traits as a preoccupation with counterpoint (particularly fugues), and stylized renderings of older forms, such as the waltz. During the next decade he wrote in modernist and post-modernist styles. His use of irony and juxtaposition of contrasting moods and musical styles and genres has been compared to Gustav Mahler and Alfred Schnittke. His music also shows the influence of Einojuhani Rautavaara (especially when evoking mysterious textures) and Dmitri Shostakovich. His music has been extensively recorded by BIS records and his music is published by Fennica Gehrman.

Works

Operas

  • The Key (1978-79)
  • Insect Life (1985-87)
  • Before We Are All Drowned (1995/1999)
  • The Book of Secrets (1998)


Symphonies

  • Symphony No. 1 (1969)
  • Symphony No. 2 (1970/1995)
  • Symphony No. 3, for violin and orchestra (1971-73)
  • Symphony No. 4 (1972-73)
  • Symphony No. 5 (1975-76)
  • Symphony No. 6 (1979-80)
  • Symphony No. 7 Insect Symphony (1988)
  • Symphony No. 8, for organ and orchestra (1993)
  • Symphony No. 9, for trombone and orchestra (1993-94)
  • Symphony No. 10 (1996)
  • Symphony No. 11, for six percussionists and orchestra (1997-98)
  • Symphony No. 12 Luosto, for two orchestras (2002-03)
  • Symphony No. 13 Symphonic Characterizations (2003)
  • Symphony No. 14 Rituals, for darabuka, djembe, gongs and chamber orchestra (2007)


Orchestral

  • Chamber Symphony No. 1 for 20 strings (1976)
  • Chamber Symphony No. 2 for 20 strings (1991-92)
  • Chamber Symphony No. 3, for alto saxophone and 20 strings (1995-96)
  • Silence (1982)
  • Paloheimo Fanfare (1989)
  • Pergamon for 4 reciters, 4 orchestral groups and organ (1990)
  • The Rejoicing of the Deep Waters (1995)
  • Tristia. Fantasy for wind orchestra (1999)
  • Symphonic Dances (2001)
  • Louhi (2003)
  • Lamu. Music in the space for young brass players (2008)
  • Minea. Concertante Music for Orchestra (2008)


Concertante

  • Violin Concerto (1981)
  • Cello Concerto (1983-84)
  • Piano Concerto No. 1 (1988-1989)
  • Tuba Concerto (2000-2001)
  • Piano Concerto No. 2, for piano and 20 strings (2001-2002)
  • Flute Concerto (2002)
  • Concerto for Two Cellos and Orchestra (2003)
  • Bassoon Concerto (2004)
  • Contrabassoon Concerto (2004-2005)
  • Clarinet Concerto (2005)
  • Double-Bass Concerto (2005)
  • Viola Concerto (2006)
  • Oboe Concerto (2007)
  • The Bells. Concerto for Saxophone Quartet and Orchestra (2008)


Chamber/Instrumental

  • Solo I for Violin, II for Piano, III for Flute, IV for Cello, V for Bassoon, VI for Double-Bass, VII for Trumpet, VIII for Baritone Horn
  • In memoriam Pehr Henrik Nordgren for Violin Solo (2009)
  • Sonata for Violin Solo (1973)
  • Piano Sonata (1980)
  • Sonata No. 1 for Accordion (1989)
  • Sonata No. 2 Black Birds for Accordion (1990)
  • Three Interludes for Organ (1993)
  • Alles Vergängliche. Symphony for Organ (2007)
  • Oboe Sonata (1985)
  • Sonata for 2 Accordions (1989)
  • Lamento for 2 Violas or 2 Violins (2001)
  • Trio for Clarinet, Viola, and Piano (2006)
  • HAHE for 4 Cellos (2008)
  • String Quartet No. 1 (1967)
  • String Quartet No. 2 (1970)
  • String Quartet No. 3 (1971)
  • Three Tangos for Violin, Accordion, Guitar, Piano and Double-Bass (1999)
  • Quartet for Flute, Saxophone, Guitar, and Percussion (1982)
  • Oboe Quintet (1973)
  • Bassoon Quintet (1977)
  • Quintet for Flute, Oboe, and String Trio (1977)
  • Quintet for Saxophone, Bassoon, Viola, Cello, and Double-Bass (1994)
  • Clarinet Quintet (1998)
  • Quintet for Flute, Violin, Two Violas, and Cello (2000)
  • Wind Quintet (2006)
  • String Quintet Hommage à Schubert (2009)


Notes

  1. www.fennicagehrman.fi
  2. www.fimic.fi


References



External Links and References




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