Kallang is an urban planning area and a
subdivision located in the
southeastern part of Singapore.It is probably best-known for being the
location of the Singapore Indoor Stadium & the old National Stadium, as well as the new
Singapore Sports Hub.
Kallang is an old
Malay reference to the orang
laut (people of the sea), called orang biduanda
kallang, who lived in the vicinity of the Kallang River and Singapore
At the time of Raffles'
landing in Singapore in 1819,
there were about 500 orang biduanda kallang
. In 1824, the Temenggung moved the orang kallang to
the Pulai River in Johor.
consisted of about 100 families, but in 1847 most of them died of a
epidemic. By 1848, the orang
were virtually extinct.
There are other possible meanings for this particular place name.
may also be a corruption of the Malay word
, meaning "mill" or factory". There were saw mills
and rice mills
here. Another explanation for the origin of
Kallang is that it is derived from galang, which
means "to put a boat on wooden stocks or rollers", an appropriate
term as the Kallang area straddles both sides of the Kallang River.
Geography and landmarks
Kallang is often known commonly as Kallang Basin
is drained by the Kallang, Geylang, Rochor and Whampoa rivers, and the Pelton Canal.
The perimeter of the area
is made up of Kolam Ayer
in the north to
in the south, Rochor
in the west to Geylang
in the east. The Kallang River, the longest river in Singapore, meanders through
the area, and is a popular waterway for water sports.
Kallang is home to many light industrial estates, such as pipe
makers, garment factories. Many heavy industry factories have been
relocated away from the area, in order to promote residential use.
Offices are often situated in Kallang for companies unwilling to
pay for the high rent in the nearby Central Area
, Singapore's central
business district west of Kallang.
The housing estates, constructed by the Housing Development Board
Kallang were built in the 1970s and 1980s. Some blocks are planned
to be reconstructed under the Selective En bloc
(SERS) to redevelop the area, whose
demographics are dominated by the middle-aged. New blocks which are
30 stories high are now prominent in the skyline of the area, with
more being planned to be built under the new HDB construction
policy. A notable major redevelopment is underway in the Old
Airport estate, where many of the low-rise blocks have been
National Stadium is located at Kallang, which was the venue of many
sports events and featured the National Day Parade almost every year
until it was officially closed on 30 June
2007. It will be demolished to make way for the
Hub which is expected to be ready in 2011.
The Kallang Cricket Ground is another sporting venue located in the
district, and has played host to several One Day International cricket
matches. In more recent times however, it is
mainly used to host domestic competitions, and minor international
matches, such as those between Singapore and Malaysia.
in Kallang was the large blue
tubular container that marked the location of the Kallang Gasworks.
It was completed in 1862, when the piped gas
supply was turned on in
Singapore. It ceased production in 1997, and Senoko Gasworks took
over providing gas. The place has been marked as a historic site by
the National Heritage Board
Only Gasholder No. 3, with its structural columns
, has been preserved
Kallang is under the Jalan Besar Group
, which operates the local town
council responsible for the general maintenance of the area.
As it is in proximity to the Central Area, many transportation
services pass through Kallang, and public bus services are
abundant, integrating it into Singapore's transport system
is served by a Mass Rapid
Transit (MRT) station at Kallang MRT Station, and is within the vicinity of the Boon Keng
A new MRT
station at the National Stadium, named Stadium MRT
Station, is slated to open in 2010.
The station will
be one of the Circle Line stations.
Kallang was home to Singapore's first airport
, opened on the 12
, the then Governor of Singapore. The airport had
the advantages of combined facilities for both land and marine
aircraft. Due to an increase in demand the Singapore
International Airport was built in Paya
Kallang Airport ceased operations during the mid
1950s. The airport control building was eventually converted into
the People's Association
Singapore HQ on the 1 July 1960
and the surrounding area has since been
- Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics - A
Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press,
- Sharon Seow, "Exploring Jalan Besar", Voices@Central
Singapore Issue No. 35, Jul/Aug 2007.