(Tamil: கள்ளர்) is one of the three related
castes which constitute the Mukkalathor confederacy. "A fearless
community shows many signs of independence and non-submission to
any form of subjugation". They are people of high valor and
strongly resisted every British attempt to subjugate them. Kallars
are found largely in Thanjavur, Trichy, Pudukkottai, Madurai,
Theni, Dindigul, Sivagangai, Ramanathapuram, Karur and Kanchipuram
districts of Tamil Nadu. The Royal Houses of Pudukottai belongs to the Kallar community.
Significant Kallar population also found in Srilanka and Malasia,
, Ex-Works Minister (lost in
2008 election) and Leader of Malaysian Indian Congress
, Leader of Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka
are notable persons outside Tamilnadu.
meaning Three clans (Kallar,
Maravar and Agamudayar) Combinedly called as Thevar (Estimated
Kallar, Maravar and Agamudayar are Tamil
siblings and the descendents of the Chera, Chola, Pandya and
Pallavas of ancient Tamilakam
means divinities or rulers. During early years the Kings were
portrayed as Gods and so were known as Thevar or Devar (in
Sanskrit), later the descendants of Moovenders and Pallavas were
also called as Thevars.
Tamilnadu Kallars are called by various Surnames, these names
comes to them during various times by the place they have ruled,
the place of the battlefield and to state their strong valour and
bravery in the battle with the foreign forces.
There are over 2,000 surnames in use among the community. There is
no other caste in the whole of South
which have this many surnames. Some of the commonly used
Vaanathiraiyar, Rajaliyar, Servaar, Angarayar, Kaadu Vettiyar,
Kalapadiyar, Senathipathiyar, Kandiyar, Mathurayar, Mannaiyar,
Kalingarayar, Vanniyarchittachiar, Pattangattiyar
Kanndapillai, Vanniyar, Vallavaraiyar, Sethurayar, Thanjaraayar,
Kurusar, Pallavaraayar, Vandaiyar, Etrandaar, Vaanavaraayar,
Servai, Soma Naicker, Muniyarayar (Munaiyatriyar),
Thondamar,Mayrkondar, Kallathil Venrar, Nattar (not the
Nadar/Shanar caste), Cholagar (Solagar), Solangadevar, Kumarandar,
Anjathevar, Olivarayar, Sendapiriyar, Alathondamar, Ambalam,
Aarsuthiyar, Kaadavaraayar, Kalingarayar, Vandaiyaar, Veeramundar,
Sepillaiyar, Vallundar, Chozhangaraayar.
Mazhavaraayar, Kommatti Mootar, Kannakkarar, Irungular, Singilaar,
Ponnapoondar, Pullavaraayar, Araimeendar, Vairayar, Ponpethiar,
Gopalar, Putthi Kalindar, Manrayar, Sundayar, Vayaadiyar, Vanniar,
Alankara Priyar, Mavaliyar, Keerudayar, Saaluvar, Manraayar,
Madhavarayar, Onthiriyar, Serumadar, Vambaliar, Thenkondaar,
Palandar, Mankondaar etc.
It is a general practice in Southern Tamil Nadu to address a Thevar
woman as Nachiyar
The Kings (Araiyars), known as Thondaiman were then ruling Thondai
Nadu (Thondaimandalam). There are hundreds of records pertaining to
this dynasty. Thondai in Tamil means Kilai or Pirivu, Pallava in
Sanskrit means the same, that proves that Thondaimans
were the Pallava Kings
who ruled the
dynasty and who were infact
a later offshoot of the Chola
(Araiyars) ruled Tirukkoyilur during the ascendancy of the Chola empire, with the title Malayaman (which is one of the family name of the
They were in close relation with Cholas.
Sangam literature mentions of Tirumudikari, a Malayaman chief who
fought alongside Perunarkilli Chola to defeat Cheral Irumporai
The Kings were ruling Tagadur, present day Dharmapuri district. One
of The Four kingdoms Mentioned in rock-edict of Ashoka. Adigaman
Naduman Anji King of Tagadur is Mentioned
in rock-edict of Ashoka as Satyaputras
inscriptions found from Villupuram proves that stating Adigaman
(which is one of the family name of the Kallar community) as
Satyaputra Adhiyan Neduman Anji intha Pali.
) was a native Tamil
that ruled South India
(Ceylon) until the later half of the 13th century A.D. The other
two Tamil Royal dynasties are the Pandyas and Cheras. And Pallavas
are later offshoot of Cholas, In Sangam
lexicon the word Chola means new
, the word Pandiya means old country
, the word
Chera means hill country
and the word Pallava means
in Sanskrit, proving the latter as the offshoot of
dynasty originated in the fertile
valley of the Kaveri
River. Karikala Chola
was the most famous among the
early Chola kings, while Aditya I, Parantaka I, Rajaraja Chola I,
Rajendra Chola I, Rajadhiraja Chola, Virarajendra Chola, Kulothunga
Chola and Kulothunga Chola III were notable emperors of the
Chera, Chola and Pandya are commonly known as Thevar
to mean they are descendants of Lord Indra
. But especially Cholas
were known by many surnames and that all these surnames
(Kalapadiyar, Melkondar, Chozangar, Thevar, etc.) are now used by
Kallars only shows that Cholas are from the Royal Kallar community.
The Bramanda puranas Puvindra puranam and Kalla Kesari Purannam
also Mentions the same.
Many Archaeologists and Historians have also proved beyond any
doubt that Cholas are from the Royal Kallar community.
Lots of marriages takes place between cholas with malavarayar,
they also belongs to Kallar community.
The word Pallava
(Tamil: பல்லவர்) means
in Sanskrit, denoting that they are an later
offshoot (Kilai) of Cholas. The Pallava kingdom was a medieval Dravidian
Tamil dynasty of South India that had its capital at Kanchipuram and ruled Northern Tamilnadu and Andhra Pradesh
(till Northern Circars) around the 4th century CE.
They rose in power during the reign of Mahendravarman I (571 – 630
CE) and Narasimhavarman I (630 – 668 CE) and dominated the Andhra
Pradesh and Northern parts of Tamil Nadu for about six hundred
years until the end of the 9th century.
The word Pallava means branch in Sanskrit. The word is rendered as
Tondaiyar in Tamil language. The Pallava kings at several places
are called Thondamans or Thondaiyarkon. The territory of the
Pallavas was known as Tundaka Visaya or Tundaka Rashtra. The
sanskrit meaning of Pallava is Kilai The Tamil Thondai means the
same, it shows that Pallavas are descendants (Kilay or Pirivu) of
Pathupattu, one of the Sangam literatures, reads that the King
Thondaiman Ilandirayan ruled this town around 2,500 years ago. The
Pallavas are told as the descendents of Thondaiman
They were also called by surnames like Sethurayar, Pallavarayar,
Vandarayar, Kadurayar, Vallavarayar, Vanathirayar,
Tamil copper-plate inscriptions
The discovery of Indian copper plate inscriptions provided a
relative abundance of new evidence for use in evolving a chronicle
of India's elusive history.
During chola rule there were many small kings(Araiyar) were Ruling
there Respective area under Chola. Some of the names are seen in
was also mentioned in Ponniyin Selvan
(Tamil historical novel
written by Kalki Krishnamurthy
During Vijayanagar Empire
The downfall of the Mukkulathors occurred in 1345 with the fall of
Vira Pandyan IV and the subsequent conquest of Madurai by the Delhi
Sultanate. However, the southern territories of the Sultanate soon
asserted their independence and the Mukkulathors recovered under
the Vijayanagar Empire and later under the Nayak dynasty during
whose period they served as Polygars or chieftains.
The South-western parts of Tamilnadu except for Kongu Nadu
was called as Kallar Nadu
(Thanjavur, Trichy, Pudukkottai and part of Madurai) and was
governed by Kallar Palayakkarar.
is the most important people, they are
feudal chiefs of the villages and towns they ruled during 18th
century. They were a warlike people who strongly resisted every
British attempt to subjugate them. They are found in Madurai,
Trichy and Sivaganga districts. In these districts, each village is
headed by an Ambalam (president of an assembly) and the Ambalam
took upon themselves the power to adjudicate disputes that arose
among the inhabitants in the "NADU", belonging to different castes.
They used to hear complaints, hold inquiries and punish the
offenders. They wielded considerable powers to intervene in any
kind of transaction or transfer of property among the people. No
land could be alienated from one man to another without the
permission of the Ambalams. The sur-name "Ambalam"is given to them,
because of their Administration in their Villages. So they are
mostly called as "Ambalam".
by M. Karunanidhi
is a book about Ambalakarars and he was also Awarded "Raja Rajan
Award" by Tamil University, Thanjavur for that book and it was also
been taken as a serial in Sun TV
music composed by Ilaiyaraaja
Although there are Many Kings, Polygors ,Zamindars and Land lords
the main occupation of kallar is Warrior, hence many Kallar
Families struggled for income During British rule and after
independence.. There were many reformers served for their
-Freedom fighter, Politician, a descendant of Pandyas of Ramnad and
known for his close friendship with Nethaji Subash Chandra Bose.
-Founder of the Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar college, President
of All India Forward Bloc.
-Maharajah of Pudukottai (Thondaiman dynasty of Pudukkottai)
- Nadigar Thilagam Chevalier C.Sivaji
Ganesan (நடிகர் திலகம் சிவாஜி கணேசன்)
-Famous Actor, Legend in Tamil film History.
-Tamil scholar, Tamil Activist.
-Philanthropist, President Indra Kuladibar Sangam.
-Founder Mukkalathor Higher Secondary School and Tamilnadu Maanavar
illam, Thiruverumbur, Founder Urimai murasu magazine(1954).
-Leader Kallar Maha Sangam Previous to starting Mukkulathor Sangam
- G.M. Premkumar Vandayar,(பிரேம் குமார் வாண்டையார் )
-Founder Moovendar Munnetra
-leader of Moovendar
-Founder President Tamilnadu Kallar Sangam
-Freedom fighter(recipient of "Thaamarai Pattam"), Ghandhian,
social reformer (worked for the upliftment of Harijans and caste
people alike), ex-cabinet minister, close confidant of late prime
minsters, Nehruji and Mrs.Indira Gandhi.
-One of the first higher civil servants from the community.
Co-founder of the Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar College at
- Late. AYYA. P.Tamilrasan Kalapadiyar.Dmk activist
Although a great many of the members are still agriculturalists,
many have also progressed up the social ladder as doctors,
engineers, entrepreneurs, politicians and civil servants. Large
number of people from the community are in the National Armed
Forces of India. Large number of people serving the Tamilnadu
- Kallar Marabinar in Pattapeyargal Oru Varalarru parvai,
Pattangattiyar (Pattukati) By Sivabatham
- Rajarajan Meikirthigal By Pandarathar
- KalvethugalKurum Unmaigal By Pandarathar
- Thenpandi Singam by M. Karunanidhi