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Kama River: Map

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Kama ( , ) is a major river in Russiamarker, the longest left tributary of the Volga and the largest one in discharge; in fact, it is larger than the Volga before junction.

It starts in Udmurtia, near the town of Kuliga ( ), flowing north-west on 125 miles, turn north-east near the town of Loynomarker ( ) for another 125 miles, then turns south and west in Perm Krai, flowing again through Udmurtia and then through Tatarstan, where it meets the Volga.

Among the Turkic peoples, Kama was known as Chulman, and was considered the origin of the Volga.

The overall length is . The largest tributaries to the Kama are Kosa, Vishera, Sylva, Chusovayamarker, Belaya, Ik, Izh, Zay, Vyatkamarker and Myosha Rivers. The cities situated on the banks of the Kama are Solikamskmarker, Bereznikimarker, Permmarker, Sarapulmarker, and Naberezhnye Chelnymarker. It is located to the west of the Ural Mountainsmarker and is a fairly well used trade route.



Before the advent of the railroads, the Kama was connected by important portages with the basins of the Northern Dvina and the Pechoramarker. In the early 19th century, Northern Ekaterininsky Canalmarker connected the upper Kama with the Vychegda River (a tributary of the Northern Dvina), but was mostly abandoned after just a few years due to low use.

Dams and reservoirs

The Kama is dammed at several locations:

Gallery

Image:W W Chusovaya Kama crossing.png|Crossing of the rivers Chusovaya (tributary) and KamaImage:Kama bridge.JPG|Picture of Kama River and city of PermImage:Kama yelabuga.jpg|View in Yelabugamarker.Image:Prokudin-Gorskii-25.jpg|A Russianmarker truss bridge by Lavr Proskuryakov. Early colour photograph, taken ca. 1912.

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