Kampar is a town in the
state of Perak, Malaysia.
1887, the town lies within the Kinta Valley, an area rich with tin
It was a tin mining
town which boomed during the height of the tin
mining industry. There were many tin mines on the outskirts of
Kampar during the height of the mining boom. Most of them were
established in the late 19th century, flourished in the 1900s, only
to stagnate and decline after World War
, with the exception of an exhilarating boom in the 1920s.
Most have closed down following the collapse of the industry.
situated in the Kinta
Valley, which was well-known for its high tin ore
Many KLites spend their weekends here. Its vast
surroundings as well as abandoned mining-ponds are suitable for
Kampar town can be broadly divided between the 'old town' and 'new
town' areas. The old town consists of two main streets of charming
pre-war shophouses, the fronts of which are still mostly in its
original unrenovated appearance. Commerce in the old town area
mainly consists of coffee shops, goldsmiths and local retailers.
The new town area mainly consists of new residential developments
and some commerce servicing the burgeoning education industry in
Kampar. As of 21 May 2009 the Sultan of Perak declared Kampar the
state's 10th district.
Kampar had its share of war during the Japanese
between 1941 and 1945. From December 30
1941 to 2
1942 the Battle of
occurred. An estimated 3000 British
soldiers defended the Kampar area
against over 6000 Japanese
The British Army inflicted serious casualties on the Japanese and
only retreated when their flank and rear was threatened by Japanese
seaborne landings on the coast south of their position. This battle
was documented by the famous Kampar historian
, Chye Kooi
. (See link below)
Kampar Independence Clock Tower
Origin of Name
The name Kampar was derived from the Cantonese
words kam pou
means 'precious gold'. This refers to the town's previously large
Another more plausible theory is that Kampar is named after the
river (north of the current township).
itself got its name from immigrants from the Kampar Regency in Riau
Province, in Sumatra, who used
the river to navigate upstream.
This predates the
large-scale mining of tin in Kampar, so it is likely that the
words "kam pou" were derived
from the word Kampar, rather than the other way around.
Regency in Sumatra was where
the 1st Sultan of Perak (Sultan Mudzaffar Shah) was based
before becoming Sultan of Perak in
Perak (his highness was a son of the last Sultan of Malacca).
express buses which have direct buses to Butterworth, Singapore and Kuala
Lumpur are located in the town area. The Kampar local town
bus stop which serves Ipoh, Teluk Intan, Tapah, Malim Nawar and other areas in the vicinity is located within
walking distance of less than 100 meters from the express bus
stop. UTAR and TAR college buses are also available for pickup service
for their students around the vicinity.
Taxis are available around the local town bus stop.
Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM)
has introduced a shuttle train between Ipoh And Kuala Lumpur
Sentral with frequency every 4 hour.
Lumpur, you will have to specify Kampar as your
destination or else the express bus will just bypass Kampar through
Expressway to Ipoh.
company from Puduraya, Kuala Lumpur with direct bus from Kuala Lumpur to Kampar are Edaran, Super Ria, Konsortium and
Parit Express. Bus tickets are around RM15.10. The ride
takes about 2 1/2 hours.
costs different class which are RM11 and RM20. It would take 2 1/2
hours. However there are no bus from Kampar railway station to
Kampar town, only taxis.
Ipoh, you can take the Kinta
Omnibus bus. Frequency is every half an hour. It takes
about 50 minutes to get here. There are hourly express services by
the same company.
Kampar has a population of around 68,000 over a land mass of 39,000
hectares .The majority of the town's population is of Chinese
descent. Other races such as
Malays and Indians make up the rest of Kampar's population.
town also has a sizable Punjabi
community. There is a large student population with the TAR
college and TAR
operating in new town.
Festivals are celebrated in style here too. Although the town is
crowded with people on almost every occasion, Chinese New Year
is the event to look
forward to here. Numerous activities take place during this time
such as lion-dances, fire-crackers and cultural performances.
In the 19th and most of 20th century, the economy of Kampar
revolved around tin-mining. However, many tin-mining companies were
forced out of business during the economic recession in the 1980s.
Nevertheless, the town's economy recovered slowly by the end of
Since the completion of the North-South Expressway
Kampar's status as a bustling town has declined rapidly. Travellers
stopped frequenting the town as they chose the more convenient
highway. The nearest exit from highway is in Tapah
, which is pretty inconvenient for
At present, the commercial and industrial sectors are main driving
forces of Kampar's economy. More recently, its economy is further driven
by the construction of the new Universiti
Tunku Abdul Rahman (UTAR) campus. Besides that, a
Hypermarket is being built (opens on 13 August 2008) nearby
Currently available supermarkets in Kampar are Minat Supermarket
and Target Supermarket
. Located witin 300
meter of each other. It is near the bus stop. Besides, these
supermarkets daily consumables can be obtain conveniently from the
many Chinese retail shops located all over Kampar. Some are as good
as small scale supermarket with modern shop design.
Major banks are available such as Maybank
, Public Bank
, Hong Leong Bank
, Bank Simpanan Nasional
currently a centre of tertiary education with a campus of Tunku Abdul Rahman College and a
new campus of Tunku Abdul Rahman University.
Kampar is also served by various primary
and secondary schools. With an estimated combined capacity of more
than 20,000 students, these two institutions are touted to be the
two instruments that will restore the town to its former glory.
Other private institution of higher learning are Kolej Menara Jaya
and Kolej Sri Ayu
Notable government schools around are:
Image:Kampar_ACS_secondary.jpg|SMK Methodist ACS
KamparImage:Kampar_SMJK(C)_pei_yuen.jpg|SMJK (C) Pei
YuanImage:Kampar_utar5.JPG|Tunku Abdul Rahman University
(P70)Kampar is a Parliament
the Election Commission
. Under this parliament seat, there are 3
state seats namely (N40) Malim Nawar, (N41) Keranji and (N42)
The parliament seat is a traditional fight between the Democratic Action Party
, MCA). The current member of parliament is Lee Chee Leong
from Barisan Nasional
. In the last election he
won with the statistics of
Parliament seat (P70)
- Total Voter : 59,784
- Spoilt vote : 1,048
- Total ballot paper issue : 38,953
- Unreturned ballot paper : 350
- Percentage vote : 65.16%
- Majority : 2,697
State seat (N40)
- Total Voter : 23,276
- Spoilt vote : 364
- Total ballot paper issue : 14,647
- Unreturned ballot paper : 43
- Percentage vote : 62.93%
- Majority : 1,362
State seat (N41)
- 1. CHEN FOOK CHYE (DAP): 8,459
- 2. CHONG MUN WAH (BN) : 4,024
- Total Voter : 19,857
- Spoilt vote : 212
- Total ballot paper issue : 12,738
- Unreturned ballot paper : 43
- Percentage vote : 64.15%
- Majority : 4,435
State seat (N42)
- 1. NOLEE ASHILIN BINTI MOHAMMED RADZI (BN) : 6,366
- 2. NADARAJAH A/L MANIKAM (PKR) : 4,797
- Total Voter : 16,651
- Spoilt vote : 361
- Total ballot paper issue : 11,578
- Unreturned ballot paper : 54
- Percentage vote : 69.53%
- Majority : 1,569
Kampar is famous for its food. For example, Fish ball noodles,
Chicken Biscuit, Claypot rice, Prawn Mee, Rice Noodles (Cantonese =
"Lai Fun"), char kuay teow, wan tan mee, lor mai fan (glutinous
rice), ham kok chai, ice kacang, and many more. Two types of food
that made their way out of Kampar town itself and is synonymous
with Kampar are : Kampar Chicken
and Kampar Fishball
. The Kampar Chicken
is so famous that it has spawn a whole series of
'chicken biscuit' producers.
Other local cuisine includes the chee
, where curry is often the preferred condiment. Chee
Cheong Fun is a noodle made from rice flour which is steamed into
sheets and chopped up into noodle like slivers. In Kampar it is
frequently served with 2 types of tofu - tofu pok (fried tofu) and
tofu chuen (brick tofu), along with assorted fish balls or pig skin
in curry. Chee cheong fun is commonly eaten for breakfast or supper
where a couple of stores are set up at the local market.
Kampar is also credited for the invention of `chicken in a bread' .
`Min pau kai', literally `chicken bread' in Cantonese
, is so sought after at one time that
tourist buses are known to make a bee line to Kampar just to savour
For the uninitiated, the best place to sample Kampar food is at the
main market in the morning.
cheongfunImage:Kampar_curry_chicken_bread.JPG|Kampar curry chicken