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Kampar is a town in the state of Perakmarker, Malaysiamarker. Founded in 1887, the town lies within the Kinta Valleymarker, an area rich with tin reserves. It was a tin mining town which boomed during the height of the tin mining industry. There were many tin mines on the outskirts of Kampar during the height of the mining boom. Most of them were established in the late 19th century, flourished in the 1900s, only to stagnate and decline after World War I, with the exception of an exhilarating boom in the 1920s. Most have closed down following the collapse of the industry.

Geography

Kampar is situated in the Kinta Valleymarker, which was well-known for its high tin ore reserves. Many KLites spend their weekends here. Its vast surroundings as well as abandoned mining-ponds are suitable for fishing.

Kampar town can be broadly divided between the 'old town' and 'new town' areas. The old town consists of two main streets of charming pre-war shophouses, the fronts of which are still mostly in its original unrenovated appearance. Commerce in the old town area mainly consists of coffee shops, goldsmiths and local retailers. The new town area mainly consists of new residential developments and some commerce servicing the burgeoning education industry in Kampar. As of 21 May 2009 the Sultan of Perak declared Kampar the state's 10th district.

History

Kampar had its share of war during the Japanese Occupation between 1941 and 1945. From December 30 1941 to 2 January 1942 the Battle of Kampar occurred. An estimated 3000 British soldiers defended the Kampar area against over 6000 Japanese soldiers. The British Army inflicted serious casualties on the Japanese and only retreated when their flank and rear was threatened by Japanese seaborne landings on the coast south of their position. This battle was documented by the famous Kampar historian, Chye Kooi Loong. (See link below)

Kampar Independence Clock Tower


Origin of Name

The name Kampar was derived from the Cantonese words kam pou, which means 'precious gold'. This refers to the town's previously large tin reserves.

Another more plausible theory is that Kampar is named after the Kampar river (north of the current township). The river itself got its name from immigrants from the Kampar Regencymarker in Riau Provincemarker, in Sumatramarker, who used the river to navigate upstream. This predates the large-scale mining of tin in Kampar, so it is likely that the Cantonese words "kam pou" were derived from the word Kampar, rather than the other way around. Curiously, Kampar Regencymarker in Sumatramarker was where the 1st Sultan of Perak (Sultan Mudzaffar Shah) was based before becoming Sultan of Perak in Perakmarker (his highness was a son of the last Sultan of Malacca).

Transportation

Kampar express buses which have direct buses to Butterworthmarker, Singaporemarker and Kuala Lumpurmarker are located in the town area. The Kampar local town bus stop which serves Ipohmarker, Teluk Intanmarker, Tapah, Malim Nawarmarker and other areas in the vicinity is located within walking distance of less than 100 meters from the express bus stop. UTARmarker and TAR college buses are also available for pickup service for their students around the vicinity.

Taxis are available around the local town bus stop.

  • From Kuala Lumpurmarker, you will have to specify Kampar as your destination or else the express bus will just bypass Kampar through the North-South Expressway to Ipohmarker. Bus company from Puduraya, Kuala Lumpurmarker with direct bus from Kuala Lumpurmarker to Kampar are Edaran, Super Ria, Konsortium and Parit Express. Bus tickets are around RM15.10. The ride takes about 2 1/2 hours.


The Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) has introduced a shuttle train between Ipohmarker And Kuala Lumpur Sentralmarker with frequency every 4 hour. The ticket costs different class which are RM11 and RM20. It would take 2 1/2 hours. However there are no bus from Kampar railway station to Kampar town, only taxis.

  • From Ipohmarker, you can take the Kinta Omnibus bus. Frequency is every half an hour. It takes about 50 minutes to get here. There are hourly express services by the same company.






Accommodation





Demographics

Kampar has a population of around 68,000 over a land mass of 39,000 hectares [2].The majority of the town's population is of Chinese descent. Other races such as Malays and Indiansmarker make up the rest of Kampar's population. The town also has a sizable Punjabi community. There is a large student population with the TAR college and TAR university operating in new town.

Culture

Festivals are celebrated in style here too. Although the town is crowded with people on almost every occasion, Chinese New Year is the event to look forward to here. Numerous activities take place during this time such as lion-dances, fire-crackers and cultural performances.

Economy

In the 19th and most of 20th century, the economy of Kampar revolved around tin-mining. However, many tin-mining companies were forced out of business during the economic recession in the 1980s. Nevertheless, the town's economy recovered slowly by the end of 1980s.

Since the completion of the North-South Expressway, Kampar's status as a bustling town has declined rapidly. Travellers stopped frequenting the town as they chose the more convenient highway. The nearest exit from highway is in Tapah, which is pretty inconvenient for travellers.

At present, the commercial and industrial sectors are main driving forces of Kampar's economy. More recently, its economy is further driven by the construction of the new Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahmanmarker (UTAR) campus. Besides that, a Tesco Hypermarketmarker is being built (opens on 13 August 2008) nearby UTAR area.

Currently available supermarkets in Kampar are Minat Supermarket and Target Supermarket. Located witin 300 meter of each other. It is near the bus stop. Besides, these supermarkets daily consumables can be obtain conveniently from the many Chinese retail shops located all over Kampar. Some are as good as small scale supermarket with modern shop design.

Major banks are available such as Maybank, CIMB, Public Bank, AmBank, Agro Bank, Hong Leong Bank, Bank Simpanan Nasional, RHB.

Education

Kampar is currently a centre of tertiary education with a campus of Tunku Abdul Rahman College and a new campus of Tunku Abdul Rahman Universitymarker. Kampar is also served by various primary and secondary schools. With an estimated combined capacity of more than 20,000 students, these two institutions are touted to be the two instruments that will restore the town to its former glory. Other private institution of higher learning are Kolej Menara Jaya and Kolej Sri Ayu.

Overview of Universiti


Notable government schools around are:



Image:Kampar_ACS_secondary.jpg|SMK Methodist ACS KamparImage:Kampar_SMJK(C)_pei_yuen.jpg|SMJK (C) Pei YuanImage:Kampar_utar5.JPG|Tunku Abdul Rahman University

Notable residents



Politics

(P70)Kampar is a Parliament seat under the Election Commission of Malaysia. Under this parliament seat, there are 3 state seats namely (N40) Malim Nawarmarker, (N41) Keranji and (N42) Tualang Sekah.

The parliament seat is a traditional fight between the Democratic Action Party (DAP) and Barisan Nasional (represented by Malaysian Chinese Association, MCA). The current member of parliament is Lee Chee Leong from Barisan Nasional. In the last election he won with the statistics of


Parliament seat (P70)

  • Total Voter : 59,784
  • Spoilt vote : 1,048
  • Total ballot paper issue : 38,953
  • Unreturned ballot paper : 350
  • Percentage vote : 65.16%
  • Majority : 2,697

State seat (N40)

  • Total Voter : 23,276
  • Spoilt vote : 364
  • Total ballot paper issue : 14,647
  • Unreturned ballot paper : 43
  • Percentage vote : 62.93%
  • Majority : 1,362

State seat (N41)
  • 1. CHEN FOOK CHYE (DAP): 8,459
  • 2. CHONG MUN WAH (BN) : 4,024


  • Total Voter : 19,857
  • Spoilt vote : 212
  • Total ballot paper issue : 12,738
  • Unreturned ballot paper : 43
  • Percentage vote : 64.15%
  • Majority : 4,435

State seat (N42)
  • 1. NOLEE ASHILIN BINTI MOHAMMED RADZI (BN) : 6,366
  • 2. NADARAJAH A/L MANIKAM (PKR) : 4,797


  • Total Voter : 16,651
  • Spoilt vote : 361
  • Total ballot paper issue : 11,578
  • Unreturned ballot paper : 54
  • Percentage vote : 69.53%
  • Majority : 1,569


Famous Food

Kampar is famous for its food. For example, Fish ball noodles, Chicken Biscuit, Claypot rice, Prawn Mee, Rice Noodles (Cantonese = "Lai Fun"), char kuay teow, wan tan mee, lor mai fan (glutinous rice), ham kok chai, ice kacang, and many more. Two types of food that made their way out of Kampar town itself and is synonymous with Kampar are : Kampar Chicken Biscuit and Kampar Fishball Noodle. The Kampar Chicken Biscuit is so famous that it has spawn a whole series of 'chicken biscuit' producers.

Other local cuisine includes the chee cheong fun, where curry is often the preferred condiment. Chee Cheong Fun is a noodle made from rice flour which is steamed into sheets and chopped up into noodle like slivers. In Kampar it is frequently served with 2 types of tofu - tofu pok (fried tofu) and tofu chuen (brick tofu), along with assorted fish balls or pig skin in curry. Chee cheong fun is commonly eaten for breakfast or supper where a couple of stores are set up at the local market.

Kampar is also credited for the invention of `chicken in a bread' . `Min pau kai', literally `chicken bread' in Cantonese, is so sought after at one time that tourist buses are known to make a bee line to Kampar just to savour the delicacy.

For the uninitiated, the best place to sample Kampar food is at the main market in the morning.

Image:Kampar_chee_cheong_fun.jpg|Kampar chee cheongfunImage:Kampar_curry_chicken_bread.JPG|Kampar curry chicken breadImage:Kampar_delicacy_deep_fried_fishball.JPG|deep-fried fishball



References

External links




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