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Kankalis or Qanqlis were a Turkic people of Eurasia. They were one clan of Pechenegs.

They first appear on history as minor branch of ancient Oghuz Turks. They formed one of the five sections which Oghuz khan divided his subjects. After the fall of Pecheneg Khanate in early 10th century, the role of Kankali turks became prominent. H.H.Howorth claimed that they were closely related to Kypchaks. Modern scholars identify them as Eastern Kypchaks.

Many Kankali warriors joined the Khwarezmid Empire in the 11th century. They suffered heavy losses from Genghis Khan in 1219-1223. For example, Kankalis in Bukharamarker who were higher than a wheel were all slain. Jochi subdued their relations who still lived along the land of Kyrghyz and Kipchak steppes in 1225. Khwarizmi Kankali remnants submitted to Great Khan Ogedei after the long resistance under Jalal ad-Din Mingburnu against his general Chormaqan and governor Chin-temur. After the Mongol conquest, the remaining Kankalis were absorbed into other Turks and Mongols. Some of them who served in the Yuan Dynastymarker became Kharchins.

There are Kankali clans among the Kazakhs, the Uzbegs, the Nogais and the Karakalpaks.

References

  • Rashiduddin Fazlullah's Jamiʻuʼt-tawarikh By Rashīd al-Dīn Ṭabīb, translated and edited by Wheeler McIntosh Thackston
  • The Mongols. A History By Jeremiah Curtin


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