Kapiti Coast District
||Otaki, Raumati, Raumati Beach, Paraparaumu Beach, Manakau,
||Kapiti Coast District Council
||Paekakariki to Otaki;east to the Tararuas
||731.25 km² (282.34 sq mi)
The Kapiti Coast District
is a local government
the lower North Island of New Zealand 50 km north of
district is named after Kapiti Island a prominent landmark 5 km offshore.
population of the district is concentrated in the chain of coastal
settlements along State Highway One: Otaki,
Te Horo, Waikanae, Paraparaumu, Raumati and Paekakariki.
Paraparaumu is the most populous settlement
and the commercial and administrative centre. Much of the rural
land is given over to horticulture and market gardens are common
along the highway between the settlements. Paraparumu has a small
airport with daily scheduled flights across Cook Strait to Nelson and Blenhiem.
The area available for agriculture and settlement is narrow and
coastal. Much of the eastern part of the district is part of the
Tararua Forest Park which covers the rugged Tararua Range with
peaks rising to over 1500 m.
The district is administered by the Kapiti Coast District Council,
a local body elected by residents every three years. The council
consists of a mayor and 10 councillors. Residents also elect a
community board for their local area. There are four of these, each
with four members: Otaki, Waikanae, Paraparaumu/Raumati and
Paekakariki. The Wellington Regional Council (branded as Greater Wellington) is responsible for
regional governance of the district including public transport,
water and environmental management.
Kapiti Island, perhaps the most visible features of the Kapiti
Coast are Paraparaumu
Airport and Queen Elizabeth Park.
The airport is
sandwiched between Paraparaumu (to the north) and Raumati (to the
south). Possessing three runways (one of which is now closed), it
once served as the main airport of the Wellington region, but is
now used mainly by aeroclubs. The park, lying to the south of
Raumati, is a popular attraction which covers some 12 km².
extends to Paekakariki, and houses the Wellington
Other tourist attractions on the Kapiti Coast include Paraparaumu
Golf Course. Another attraction a few kilometres north of the town
centre is the Southward Car
The district is on the North Island Main Trunk railway
(NIMT), and is served by suburban passenger trains on the
section of the NIMT referred to as the Paraparaumu Line
administratively part of the Wellington Region, it is to a large extent socially distinct from
Wellington and the Hutt Valley,
which together comprise the nucleus of the region.
many residents travel into Wellington each day for work and the
whole Kapiti Coast is a popular weekend destination for the people
of the Wellington Region. Many migrate to the area for their
retirement. The Kapiti Coast district incorporates such
towns as Paekakariki, Raumati, Paraparaumu, Waikanae and Otaki, and smaller localities such as Maungakotukutuku, Otaihanga, Peka
Peka, and Te
Paraparaumu, considered the pivot of the
district, is located about 55 km north of Wellington.
Relationship with Wellington
Many Kapiti Coast District residents work in Wellington. Commuters
to the four cities of Wellington make up 36% of the workforce of
the Kapiti Urban Area (Paraparaumu, Waikanae, Paekakariki) and 12%
of the workforce of Otaki.
One of Wellington's two primary
commuter rail links terminates in Paraparaumu. There are also
commuter bus services.
State Highway One connects the Kapiti Coast to Wellington. The road
is a narrow, coastal highway that is highly congested and has been
subject to occasional closure due to land slides. The Transmission Gully Motorway
long been mooted both as a commuter route and an alternative access
to the capital in case of a civil defence emergency. Preliminary
work around this project has been completed but full funding as not
yet been secured.
The population of the district has grown rapidly since the 1980s
fueled in large part by Wellingtonians moving to the coast to
retire. More Kapiti Coasters are over the retirement than any other
district or city in the country. 23.3% of the district's population
is over 65 compared with 9.4% in the four cities of Wellington and
12.1% of New Zealand as a whole (2006 Census)
Most of the district was originally part of the now-defunct
. The Kapiti
was carved from it in 1973; in the local
government reorganization of 1989, the Borough Council was replaced
by the Kapiti Coast District Council, and the area under its
jurisdiction expanded northwards to include Waikanae and Otaki,
which had been part of the former Horowhenua