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Karlsruher SC is a Germanmarker football club, based in Karlsruhemarker, Baden-Württembergmarker. KSC rose out of the consolidation of a number of predecessor clubs. They currently play in the 2. Fußball-Bundesliga, having been relegated from the Bundesliga last season.


A succession of mergers

The most successful of these ancestral clubs was Karlsruher Fussball Club Phönix, formed on June 6, 1894 by dissatisfied members of the gymnastics club Karlsruher Turngemeinde. They quickly became a strong regional side, playing in the Südkreis-Liga, and captured the national title in 1909, defeating defending champions Viktoria 89 Berlin 4-2 in the championship final that season. In 1912, Phönix merged with KFC Alemannia, established in 1897, to create KFC Phönix (Phönix Alemannia).

Logo of Phönix Karlsruhe ca. 1931.
was as Phönix Karlsruhe that the club joined the Gauliga Baden, one of sixteen top-flight divisions created in the re-organization of German football under the Third Reich. They slipped from the first division for a single season in 1936, but returned to compete as a mediocre side over the next several years. In the 1943-44 season Karlsruhe played with Germania Durlach as the combined wartime side named KSG (Kriegssportgemeinschaft) Phönix/Germania Karlsruhe. After World War II in 1946, Phönix re-emerged to compete in the newly formed first division Oberliga Süd, finishing 15th in their first season there. The club was relegated the following season.

Logo of predecessor side VfB Karlsruhe ca. 1931.
other threads in the evolution of KSC were the formation of FC Mühlburg in 1905 out of 1. FV Sport Mühlburg (founded in 1890) and Viktoria Mühlburg (founded in 1892), and the merger of FC Germania (founded in 1898) and FC Weststadt (founded in 1902) to form VfB Karlsruhe in 1911. FC Mühlburg and VfB Karlsruhe would in turn merge to form VfB Mühlburg in 1933. The group of clubs which came together to form VfB Mühlburg were an undistinguished lot, sharing just one season of upper-league play between them. The new side, however, started to compete in the first-division Gauliga Baden immediately after the league was established in 1933.

A lower-table side through the 30s VfB's performance improved considerably in the following decade. As war overtook the country, the Gauliga Baden was sub-divided at various times into a number of more local city-based circuits and the team was able to earn three second place finishes in divisional play. The Gauliga Baden collapsed in 1944-45 after playing a significantly reduced schedule in which many teams, including Mühlburg were unable to compete. After the war the club slipped from top-flight competition until earning promotion to the Oberliga Süd in 1947. They generally competed as a mid-table side here with the exception of a strong performance in 1951 when they narrowly missed an advance to the national championship rounds after earning a third place result just a single point behind SpVgg Fürth.

The formation of Karlsruher SC

The pyramid logo of KSC that was used between 1998 and 2005

KFC Phoenix and VfB Mühlburg united to form the current club, Karlsruher Sport-Club Mühlburg-Phönix e. V., on October 16, 1952 and the new team earned good results throughout the remainder of the decade. In 1955, they beat FC Schalke 04 3-2 to win the German Cup, and repeated the success next year with a 3-1 win over Hamburger SV. That season, they also made an appearance in the national final, where they lost 2-4 to Borussia Dortmund. KSC was Oberliga Süd champion in 1956, 1958 and 1960, as well as runner-up in the German Cup in 1960, when they lost the final match 2-3 to Borussia Mönchengladbach. Their record earned them admission as one of sixteen founding clubs into Germany's new professional football league, the Bundesliga, when it began play in 1963.

Karlsruhe struggled in the top flight, never managing better than a 13th-place finish over five seasons before finally being demoted to the second-division Regionalliga Süd. Over the next three seasons, the team earned a first-place finish as well as two second-place finishes there, but were unable to advance in the promotion rounds. After the 1974 formation of the Second Bundesliga, which consisted of two divisions at the time, KSC finished first in the 2nd Bundesliga Süd and returned to the top flight for the 1975-76 season, but were able to stay up for only two years. They next returned to the first division in 1980 where they spent four seasons before being sent down again. After a two-year absence they fought their way back to the Bundesliga in 1987 to begin an extended stay.

The Schäfer era

Under the guidance of new coach Winfried Schäfer, KSC's return to the top flight was marked with some success as for the first time the team managed to work its way out of the bottom half of the league table. In the 1993-94 season, the club had a successful run in the UEFA Cup, going out in the semi-finals on away goals to Austria Salzburg after beating, in turn, PSV Eindhoven, Valencia CF, Girondins Bordeaux and Boavista Porto. Their stunning 7-0 second-round victory over Valencia, a top team in the Spanishmarker La Liga at the time and in historical terms as well, might be considered the high point of the club's history in its centennial year. Between 1992 and 1997, the club was ranked in the single digits in six consecutive Bundesliga seasons and also participated in two more UEFA Cups, reaching the third round both in the 1996-97 and 1997-98 seasons, being eliminated from the competition after losing their second-leg matches to Brøndby IF and Spartak Moscow respectively. In 1995, KSC won the DFB-Hallenpokal, an indoor football tournament that was traditionally held during winter breaks of the Bundesliga seasons. They also played in the final of the German Cup in 1996, but lost 0-1 to 1. FC Kaiserslautern.

As the millennium drew to a close, Karlsruhe faded. The club started the 1997-98 Bundesliga season well, with two wins and a draw in their opening three matches, but their downfall began with a 1-6 defeat to Bayer Leverkusen on Day 4. At the league winter break the club sat outside the relegation ranks, but a series of negative results pushed them down to 15th place until the second-last matchday of the season. Schäfer was fired in March 1998, but this did not keep the club from slipping to the Second Bundesliga after a 16th-place finish. The club needed an away draw against Hansa Rostock on the final day of the season to avoid relegation, but lost the match 2-4 while Borussia Mönchengladbach beat VfL Wolfsburg 2-0 to overtake KSC and finish 15th on goal difference.

After relegation from the Bundesliga in 1998

KSC finished fifth in their first season in the 2nd Bundesliga after relegation, only two points behind third-place SSV Ulm 1846 which was promoted to the Bundesliga. However, a last place finish in a terrible 1999-2000 season played under dire financial circumstances dropped them down to the Regionalliga Süd (III). The club rebounded and on the strength of a first place result in the Regionalliga made a prompt return to second division play. After four seasons of mediocre play that saw KSC narrowly avoid being sent further down, the team turned in a much-improved performance and earned a sixth place result in 2005-06.


KSC secured the 2007 2. Bundesliga title with a 1-0 victory over SpVgg Unterhaching on April 29, combining with a Hansa Rostock draw on April 30. [126743] KSC maintained a measure of dominance for the entire season. They played fourteen matches (9 wins, 5 draws) before suffering their first loss of the season at the hands of Erzgebirge Aue, and led the league at the mid-season break ahead of FC Hansa Rostock. They are the first team in the history of the one-tier 2nd Bundesliga to occupy one of the top spots throughout the whole season.

In their return season to the Bundesliga in 2007-08 they finished 11th, fading in the second half of the season after a strong start had seen them feature in the European places.

However, the club continued to perform poorly in the 2008-09 season, ultimately finishing 17th and finding themselves relegated to the 2. Bundesliga once more.


Karlsruher SC

Karlsruher SC II

League results

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 id:bl1  value:rgb(0.5,0.8,0.5)
 id:bl2  value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.3)
 id:rs  value:rgb(0.8,0.6,0.6)

 bar:Position width:15 color:white align:center

 from:01/07/1989 till:01/07/1990  shift:(0,-4) text:10
 from:01/07/1990 till:01/07/1991  shift:(0,-4) text:13
 from:01/07/1991 till:01/07/1992  shift:(0,-4) text:8
 from:01/07/1992 till:01/07/1993  shift:(0,-4) text:6
 from:01/07/1993 till:01/07/1994  shift:(0,-4) text:6
 from:01/07/1994 till:01/07/1995  shift:(0,-4) text:8
 from:01/07/1995 till:01/07/1996  shift:(0,-4) text:7
 from:01/07/1996 till:01/07/1997  shift:(0,-4) text:6
 from:01/07/1997 till:01/07/1998  shift:(0,-4) text:16
 from:01/07/1998 till:01/07/1999  shift:(0,-4) text:5
 from:01/07/1999 till:01/07/2000  shift:(0,-4) text:18
 from:01/07/2000 till:01/07/2001  shift:(0,-4) text:1
 from:01/07/2001 till:01/07/2002  shift:(0,-4) text:13
 from:01/07/2002 till:01/07/2003  shift:(0,-4) text:13
 from:01/07/2003 till:01/07/2004  shift:(0,-4) text:14
 from:01/07/2004 till:01/07/2005  shift:(0,-4) text:11
 from:01/07/2005 till:01/07/2006  shift:(0,-4) text:6
 from:01/07/2006 till:01/07/2007  shift:(0,-4) text:1
 from:01/07/2007 till:01/07/2008  shift:(0,-4) text:11
 from:01/07/2008 till:01/07/2009  shift:(0,-4) text:17

 from:01/07/1989 till:01/07/1998  color:bl1  shift:(0,13)  text: "1. Bundesliga"
 from:01/07/1998 till:01/07/2000  color:bl2  shift:(0,13)  text: "2. Bundesl."
 from:01/07/2000 till:01/07/2001  color:rs   shift:(0,13)  text: "RLS"
 from:01/07/2001 till:01/07/2007  color:bl2  shift:(0,13)  text: "2. Bundesliga"
 from:01/07/2007 till:01/07/2009  color:bl1  shift:(0,13)  text: "1. BL"

Reserve team

The Karlsruher SC II, historically also referred to as Karlsruher SC Amateure, is a successful side in its own right, playing as high up as the Regionalliga Süd, where it is currently, as of 2009-10, based.

Recent seasons

Year Division Position
1999-2000 Regionalliga Süd (III) 12th ↓
2000-01 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg (IV) 8th
2001-02 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg 11th
2002-03 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg 15th
2003-04 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg 4th
2004-05 Oberliga Baden-Württemberg 1st ↑
2005-06 Regionalliga Süd (III) 11th
2006-07 Regionalliga Süd 14th
2007-08 Regionalliga Süd 16th
2008-09 Regionalliga Süd (IV) 16th
2009-10 Regionalliga Süd (IV)



Current squad

For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2009.

Karlsruher SC II squad

Manager: Markus Kauczinski

Notable players



External links

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