Karviná ( ; Polish: , ) is a city in Moravian-Silesian Region of the
Republic, on the
River. It is administrative center of Karviná
Karviná lies in the historical region of
and is one of the
most important coal mining
the Czech Republic. Together with neighboring towns it forms
industrial Ostrava-Karviná Coal Basin.
It has 65,141 inhabitants (2001 census). 8.5% of the population are
and 8% of the population are
population is historically declining. There is also a growing
century it was a low importance village of Cieszyn Silesia, lying
near the important town of Fryštát.
Discovery of coal
led to rapid development of
Karviná and surrounding villages, railroad tracks were soon built.
split of Cieszyn Silesia in 1920 it became a part of Czechoslovakia as a main mining center of the country.
1923 it gained city rights. In October 1938 was annexed by Poland, together
with whole region known as Zaolzie and
during World War II was a part of
After the war it
again became a part of Czechoslovakia. In 1948 Karviná,
Fryštát and the surrounding villages of Darkov, Ráj and Staré
Město were merged into one city named Karviná.
The coat of
arms of Fryštát was chosen as the coat of arms of Karviná and
Fryštát became the historical center of this industrial city.
The period after WWII is characterized by economic orientation on
heavy industry. Currently the town ranks among the ones with the
dense heavy industry but slow restructuralization of heavy industry
influence and the development of othee spheres of economic
acitivites. At the same time Karviná is the center of education in
this region with its wide range of specialized secondary schools
and, especially, the Faculty of Commerce and Business of Silesian
University. Since 1995 Karviná became the member of the national
network of statutary towns in the Czech Republic.
Karviná is also an important cultural and educational center of the
Polish minority in
the Czech Republic
- Jaroslav Bába, Czech
- Emanuel Grim, Polish Catholic
priest and writer
- Louis Kentner, Hungarian
- Eva Kurfürstová, Czech
- Gustaw Morcinek, Polish
- Petra Němcová, Czech
- Wacław Olszak, Polish mayor
of Karviná (1929-1936)
- Wilhelm Przeczek, Polish
- Denisa Ščerbová,
- Radek Štěpánek,
Czech tennis player
- Dana Zátopková, Czech
Twin towns — Sister cities
Karviná is twinned