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The Kautla massacre ( ) was a series of murders of civilians committed by Red Army in Kautla, Estoniamarker in July 1941.

On 24 July 1941, members of the Soviet extermination battalions murdered Gustav and Rosalie Viljamaa of Simisalu farm and set the farm on fire.

In the coming days, the destruction battalion undertook systematic murder of all civilians in the region and burning their farms. The Kautla farm was burned down by the Red Army with the family and staff inside, thus constituting a murder of Johannes Lindemann, Oskar Mallene, Ida Hallorava, Arnold Kivipõld, Alfred Kukk and Johannes Ummus.

In total, more than twenty people, all civilians, were murdered — many of them after torture — and tens of farms destroyed. The low toll of human deaths in comparison with the number of burned farms is due to the Erna team breaking the Red Army blockade on the area, allowing many civilians to escape.


  1. Mart Laar: Tavaline stalinism, printed in Postimees 16 August 2007
  2. Jüri Liim: Kautla lahingud

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