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Fronts in August 1918, Kazan outskirts

Kazan Operation was a Red Army's offensive against Czechoslovak Legion and KomUch People's Army during Russian Civil War on 5–10 September 1918.

In August, 1918, Czechoslovak Legion occupied Kazanmarker. Bolshevik forces were defeated and dispersed in Kazan's neighborhood. Whites shot the rest of Bolsheviks in the city.

At the beginning of the operation, the Reds' disposition as follows. To the west of Kazan: 5th Army of the Eastern Front under Peter Slaven, Volga Flotilla under Fyodor Raskolnikov; to the east of Kazan: Arskmarker group of the 2nd Army under Woldemar Azin. They opposed Czechoslovak legion and KomUch People's Army under A. P. Stepanov.

On September 7, the Right Bank Group of the 5th Army with the flotilla's backing reached the bank of Volga and shelled Kazan from the commanding eminence Oslan Hill. The Left Bank Group reached the mouth of the Kazanka River. That day Arsk Group took Kinderle and Klyki villages to the east of Kazan. On September 9, sailors and landed marksmen under Nikolay Markin took the beachhead at the western part of Kazan. At that day the Left Bank Group and Arsk Group joined and took Kazan into the partly siege. September 10, after the storm from three directions Kazan was finally took under the Red control.

The majority of Whites were managed to sail away by the Volga.

Before the Czechoslovak offensive Bolsheviks tried to evacuate the gold reserves, that were kept in Kazan Bank, but due the fast offensive of Czechoslovaks they hadn't time to do it. However, Whites drove away the gold reserves and they disappeared. The route of the gold has been a matter of much research and speculation.

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