(born 18 December 1943) is an
English guitarist, songwriter, singer, record producer and a
founding member of The Rolling
. As a guitarist, Richards is mostly known for his
playing. In 2003 he
was ranked 10th on Rolling
magazine's "Rolling Stone's 100 Greatest Guitarists
of All Time". With songwriting
and Rolling Stones lead vocalist Mick Jagger
, Richards has written and recorded
hundreds of songs, fourteen of which are listed by Rolling
magazine among the "500 Greatest Songs of All
Richards, the only child of Bert Richards and Doris Dupree
Richards, was born in Dartford,
He is of English, Welsh and French Huguenot
ancestry. His father was a
factory labourer who was slightly injured during World War II. The
family were evacuated from their flat on Chastilian Road when it
was hit by a Nazi V-1 flying bomb
5 July 1944 (the flat was unoccupied at the time).
Richards's paternal grandparents were socialists
and civic leaders. His maternal
grandfather (Augustus Theodore Dupree), who toured Britain in a
jazz big band
Gus Dupree and his Boys, was an early influence on Richards's
musical ambitions and got him interested in playing guitar.
Richards's mother introduced him to the music of Billie Holiday
, Louis Armstrong
and Duke Ellington
, and bought him his first
guitar – a Rosetti acoustic – for seven pounds. His father was less
encouraging: "Every time the poor guy came in at night," Richards
says, "he'd find me sitting at the top of the stairs with my
guitar, playing and banging on the wall for percussion. He was
great about it really. He'd only mutter, 'Stop that bloody noise.'"
Richards's first guitar hero was Scotty
Richards attended Wentworth Primary School, as did Mick Jagger
; the two knew each other as
schoolboys, and lived in the same neighbourhood until in 1954. That
year the Richards family moved to what Richards has described as "a
fucking soul-destroying council estate at completely the other end
of town" that looked like "a disgusting concrete jungle".
was disorienting for the young Richards, as was his transfer a year
later to Dartford Technical School (now named Wilmington
Grammar School and Wilmington Enterprise College after the school was split in two), which he
attended from 1955 to 1959.
The Dartford Tech choirmaster
Jake Clair noticed Richards's singing voice and recruited him into
the school choir. As one of a trio of boy sopranos Richards sang (among other
performances) at Westminster Abbey in front of Queen Elizabeth II – an
experience that he has called his "first taste of show
In 1959, Richards was expelled from Dartford Technical School for
truancy, and the headmaster suggested he would be more at home at
the art college in the neighbouring town of Sidcup. At Sidcup Art
College Richards devoted his time to playing guitar after
he heard American blues artists like Little Walter and Big Bill Broonzy.
He swapped a pile
of records for his first electric guitar, a hollow-body Höfner
cutaway. Fellow Sidcup student and future
musical colleague Dick Taylor
"There was a lot of music being played at Sidcup, and we'd go into
the empty classrooms and fool around with our guitars. ... Even in
those days Keith could play most of [Chuck Berry's] solos." Taylor
also remembers Richards experimenting with various drugs at Sidcup:
"In order to stay up late with our music and still get to Sidcup in
the morning, Keith and I were on a pretty steady diet of pep pills,
which not only kept us awake but gave us a lift. We took all kinds
of things – pills that girls took for menstruation, inhalers like
Nostrilene, and other stuff. Opposite the college there was this
little park with an aviary that had a cockatoo in it. Cocky the
Cockatoo we used to call it. Keith used to feed it pep pills and
make it stagger around on its perch. If ever we were feeling bored
we'd go and give another upper to Cocky."
morning in 1961, on the train journey from Dartford to Sidcup,
Richards happened to get into the same carriage as Mick Jagger, who
was then a student at the London School of Economics.
They recognized each other and began
talking about the LPs Jagger had with him – blues and rhythm & blues
albums he had acquired
by mail-order from America. Richards was surprised and impressed
that Jagger not only shared his enthusiasm for Chuck Berry
but also that he owned such LPs which were extremely
rare in Britain at the time. The two discovered that they had a
mutual friend in Dick Taylor, with whom Jagger was singing in an
amateur band called Little Boy Blue and the Blue
. Jagger invited Richards to a rehearsal and soon
afterwards Richards also joined the line-up. The group disbanded
after Jagger, Richards and Taylor met Brian
and Ian Stewart
with whom they went on to form The Rolling Stones (Taylor left the
band in November 1962 to return to art school).
By mid-1962 Richards had left Sidcup Art College in favour of
pursuing his fledgling musical career and moved into a London flat
with Jagger and Jones. His parents divorced about the same time.
Richards maintained close ties with his mother, who was very
supportive of his musical activities, but he became estranged from
his father and didn't resume contact with him until 1982.
In 1963 Richards dropped the "s" from his surname and began using
the professional name "Keith Richard", because Rolling Stones
manager Andrew Loog Oldham
it "looked more pop". (He used the s-less version as his pen name
and stage name until the late 1970s.)
On stage in 1972
Richards's guitar playing shows his fascination with chords and
rhythm; he conspicuously avoids flamboyant virtuosity, which he
calls "the fastest-gun-in-the-west sort of thing".
has been a constant
inspiration for Richards. His first band Little Boy Blue and the
Blue Boys played many Berry numbers, and Jagger and Richards were
largely responsible for bringing Berry and Bo
covers into The Rolling Stones' early repertoire.
and Muddy Waters
records were another early source
of inspiration, and the basis for the style of interwoven lead
that Richards developed with Brian Jones
. In the late 1960s, Brian Jones's
declining interest in guitar left Richards to record all of the
guitar parts on many tracks, including slide guitar
, which had been Jones's speciality
in the band's early years. Jones's replacement guitarist Mick Taylor
worked with The Rolling Stones from
1969 to 1974, and Taylor's virtuosity at lead guitar led to a much
more pronounced separation between lead and rhythm guitar roles,
notably onstage. In 1975 Taylor was replaced by Ronnie Wood
, marking a return to the style of
guitar interplay that he and Richards call "the ancient art of
During the 1967/68 break in the Rolling Stones' touring, Richards
began experimenting with open tunings
These tunings were most commonly used for slide guitar
, but Richards explored their use
in rhythm playing, developing an innovative and distinctive style
of syncopated and ringing I-IV chording that can be heard on
"Street Fighting Man
"Start Me Up
". Although he also
frequently uses standard tuning, he particularly favours a
five-string variant of open G
(borrowed from Don Everly
of the Everly Brothers
), using GDGBD unencumbered
by a low 6th string; several of his Telecasters are tuned this way,
and this tuning is prominent on numerous Rolling Stones tracks,
including "Honky Tonk Women
" and "Start Me Up".
Richards with the Telecaster known as
Micawber, Hanover 2006
Richards – who owns over 1000 guitars, some of which he has not
played but was simply given – is often associated with the Fender Telecaster
, particularly with two
1950s Telecasters outfitted with Gibson PAF
pickups in the neck position. Also notable was the
sunburst Les Paul
that he acquired
in 1964, which was the first "star owned" Les Paul in Britain.
Since 1997 a Bigsby-equipped ebony Gibson
has served as one of his main stage guitars. Even though
Richards has used many different guitar models, in a 1986
joked that no matter what model he plays, "give me five minutes and
I'll make 'em all sound the same."
In 1965 Richards used a Gibson Maestro fuzzbox
to achieve the distinctive tone of his riff
on " Satisfaction
the success of the resulting single boosted the sales of the device
to the extent that all available stock had sold out by the end of
1965. In the 1970s and early 1980s Richards frequently used guitar
effects such as a wah-wah pedal
and a Leslie speaker
, but he mainly relies on
combining "the right amp with the right guitar" to achieve the
sound he wants.
Richards considers acoustic guitar
to be the basis for his playing, and has said: "Every guitar player
should play acoustic at home. No matter what else you do, if you
don't keep up your acoustic work you're never going to get the full
potential out of an electric, because you lose that touch."
Richards's acoustic guitar is featured on tracks throughout the
Rolling Stones' career, including hits like "Not Fade Away
"Brown Sugar", "Beast of
" and "Almost Hear You
". All the guitars on the studio version of "Street Fighting Man
" are Richards on
acoustic, distorted by overloading a small cassette recorder
microphone, a technique also used on "Jumping Jack Flash
Richards has described his role in the Rolling Stones as "oiling
the machinery". Ian Stewart called him the musical leader of the
Rolling Stones, and both Bill Wyman and Ronnie Wood have noted that
while other rock & roll bands follow the drummer's timing, the
Rolling Stones follow Richards. "I'm not putting down Charlie in
any way for doing this," Wyman stated in 1978, "but onstage you
have to follow Keith. You have no way of not
Richards's backing vocals
every Rolling Stones album; and on most albums since Between the Buttons
(1967), he has
sung lead or co-lead on at least one track (see list below).
Richards views the vocal training he got in his choirboy days as
part of his professional arsenal, and has said of his own singing:
"It's not the most beautiful voice in the world anymore, but the
Queen liked it, when it was at its best ... It's not been my job,
singing, but to me, if you're gonna write songs, you've got to know
how to sing."
On stage, Richards began taking a regular lead-vocal turn in 1972,
the album Exile on Main
). "Happy" has become one of Richards's "signature
songs", featured on most Rolling Stones tours ever since, as well
as on both of Richards's solo tours. From 1972 to 1982, Richards
routinely took one lead-vocal turn during Rolling Stones concerts;
since 1989 he has normally sung lead on two numbers per show. Each
of the band's studio albums since Dirty
(1986) have also featured Richards's lead vocals on
at least two tracks.During concerts on the two final legs (autumn
2006 and summer 2007) of The Rolling Stones' Bigger Bang Tour
, Richards set his guitar
aside to sing his 1969 ballad "You
Got the Silver
" without self-accompaniment. Prior to that he
had occasionally switched from guitar to keyboards in concert, but
these concerts were the first time since his choirboy days that
Richards appeared on stage armed with only his voice.
Richards has played bass on about two dozen Rolling Stones studio
recordings, from "Have
You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?
through "Infamy" (2005). One unusual instance was when he and
joined forces to play the
bowed double bass
on "Ruby Tuesday
" (1967) – Wyman did the
fingerboard work while Richards manned the bow. The rest of
Richards's bass-playing contributions have been on bass guitar, on
tracks including "Jumpin' Jack
" (1968), "Sympathy for
" (1968), "Live With Me
(1969), "Before They Make Me
" (1978), "Sleep Tonight
(1986) and "Brand New Car" (1994). He has occasionally played bass on stage,
including The Dirty Mac performance in
1968 (see "Recordings with other artists", below) and on "Sympathy
for the Devil" at a Rolling Stones concert at Madison Square
Garden in June 1975.
Richards's keyboard playing has also been featured on several
Rolling Stones tracks, including "She Smiled Sweetly" (1967),
"Memory Motel" (1976), "All About You" (1980), "Thru and Thru"
(1994) and "This Place Is Empty" (2005), among others. He sometimes
composes on piano – "Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in
the Shadow?" and "Let's Spend the Night Together" are two early
examples; and he's said of his keyboard playing: "Maybe I'm a
little more accomplished now – to me it's just a way of getting out
of always using one instrument to write." Richards played keyboards
on stage at two 1974 concerts with Ronnie Wood, and on The New
Barbarians' tour in 1979; and 1977 and 1981 studio sessions
featuring his piano and vocals have been well documented, though
never officially released.
Richards has also contributed percussion to a few Rolling Stones
tracks, including the floor tom
"Jumpin' Jack Flash" and bicycle spokes on "Continental Drift"
Richards and Jagger collaborated on songs in 1963, following the
nearby example of the Beatles
and the encouragement of
Rolling Stones manager Andrew Loog
, who saw little future for a cover band. The earliest
recorded by other artists, including Gene
, whose rendition of "That Girl Belongs to Yesterday" was
their first top-ten single in the UK. Richards recalls: "We were
writing these terrible pop songs that were becoming Top 10 hits.
... They had nothing to do with us, except we wrote 'em."
The Rolling Stones' first top-ten hit with a Jagger/Richards
original was "The Last Time
(1965); " Satisfaction
" (also 1965) was
their first international #1 recording. (Richards has stated that
the "Satisfaction" riff came to him in his sleep; he woke up just
long enough to record it on a cassette
by his bed.) Since Aftermath
Rolling Stones albums have consisted mainly of Jagger/Richards
originals. Their songs reflect the influence of blues, R&B,
rock & roll, pop
, as well as forays into
social commentary. Their work in the
1970s and beyond has incorporated elements of funk
has also written and recorded slow torchy ballads, such as "All
About You" (1980).
In his solo career, Richards has often shared co-writing credits
with drummer and co-producer Steve Jordan
. Richards has said:
"I've always thought songs written by two people are better than
those written by one. You get another angle on it."
Richards has frequently stated that he feels less like a creator
than a conduit when writing songs: "I don't have that God aspect
about it. I prefer to think of myself as an antenna. There's only
one song, and Adam and Eve wrote it; the rest is a variation on a
Richards was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame
According to britishhitsongwriters.com he is the twenty-fifth most
successful songwriter in UK singles chart history, based on the
number of weeks that compositions he has cowritten have spent on
Richards has been active as a record producer since the 1960s. He
was credited as producer and musical director on the 1966 album
Today's Pop Symphony
, one of manager Andrew Loog Oldham
's side projects,
although there are doubts about how much Richards was actually
involved with it. On the Rolling Stones' 1967 album Their Satanic Majesties
the entire band was credited as producer, but
since 1974, Richards and Mick Jagger have frequently co-produced
Rolling Stones and other artists' records under the joint name
"The Glimmer Twins
", often in
collaboration with other producers.
Since the 1980s Richards has chalked up numerous production and
co-production credits on projects with other artists including
, Johnnie Johnson
and Ronnie Spector
, as well as on his own albums
with the X-Pensive Winos (see below). In the 1990s Richards
co-produced and added guitar and vocals to a recording of nyabinghi Rastafarian
drumming entitled Wingless
, released on Richards's own record label, Mindless
Records, in 1997.
Generally resisting sustained ventures outside of The Rolling
Stones, Richards has released few solo recordings. In 1978 he
released his first solo single: renditions of Chuck Berry
" and Jimmy Cliff
"The Harder They Come
In 1987, after Jagger had put The Rolling Stones on hold in order
to promote his solo albums, Richards formed the X-pensive Winos
with new co-writer Steve Jordan, who had drummed on some tracks on
and in the
band Richards assembled for the documentary Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll
Besides Steve Jordan, the X-pensive Winos included Sarah Dash
, Bobby Keys
, Ivan Neville
and Charley Drayton
. Their first album,
Talk Is Cheap
featured session musicians Bernie
, Bootsy Collins
), went gold
and has remained a consistent seller. It
spawned a brief US tour – one of only two that Richards has done as
a solo artist. The first tour is documented on the Virgin
release Live at the
Hollywood Palladium, December 15, 1988
. In 1992
and following a "warm-up concert" in Buenos Aires, the X-Pensive
Winos (including a new member, backing vocalist Babi Floyd
) toured Europe and North
Recordings with other artists
During the 1960s most of Richards's recordings with artists other
than The Rolling Stones were sessions for Andrew Oldham
's Immediate Records
exceptions were when Richards, along with Mick Jagger and numerous
other guests, sang on The Beatles
TV broadcast of "All You Need Is
"; and when he played bass with John
, Eric Clapton
, Mitch Mitchell
as The Dirty Mac
Stones Rock and Roll Circus
TV special, filmed in
In the 1970s Richards worked outside The Rolling Stones with
on several occasions,
contributing guitar, piano and vocals to Wood's first two solo
albums and joining him on stage for two July 1974 concerts to
promote I've Got My Own
Album to Do
. In December 1974 Richards also made a guest
appearance at a Faces
1976-77 Richards played on and co-produced John Phillips
' solo recording Pay, Pack
(released in 2001). In 1979 he toured the U.S.
with The New Barbarians
the band that Wood put together to promote his album Gimme Some Neck
; he and Wood also
contributed guitar and backing vocals to "Truly" on Ian McLagan
's 1979 album Troublemaker
(re-released in 2005 as Here Comes Trouble
Since the 1980s Richards has made more frequent guest appearances.
In 1981 he played on reggae singer Max
's album Holding Out My Love to You
. He has
worked with Tom Waits
on two occasions,
adding guitar and backing vocals to Waits's 1985 album Rain Dogs
, and co-writing, playing and
sharing the lead vocal on "That Feel" on Bone Machine
(1992). In 1986 Richards
produced and played on Aretha
's rendition of "Jumping
" and served as musical producer and band leader (or
as he phrased it "S&M director") for the Chuck Berry
film Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll
In the 1990s and 2000s Richards has continued to contribute to a
wide range of musical projects as a guest artist. A few of the
notable sessions he has done include guitar and vocals on Johnnie Johnson
's 1991 release
Johnnie B. Bad
, which he also co-produced; and
lead vocals and guitar on "Oh Lord, Don’t Let Them Drop That Atomic
Bomb on Me" on the 1992 Charles
tribute album Weird Nightmare
. He duetted with
country legend George Jones
It's Not You" on the Bradley
(1994); a second duet from the same sessions
– "Burn Your Playhouse Down" – appeared on Jones' 2008 release
Your Playhouse Down – The Unreleased Duets
. He partnered
with Levon Helm
on "Deuce and a Quarter"
for Scotty Moore
's album All the
(1997). His guitar and lead vocals are featured on
the Hank Williams
(2001) and on veteran blues guitarist Hubert Sumlin
's album About Them
(2005). Richards also added guitar and vocals to
Toots & the Maytals
recording of "Careless Ethiopians" for their 2004 album
and to their re-recording of "Pressure Drop
", which came out in 2007
as the b-side
to Richards's iTunes
re-release of "Run
Rare and unreleased recordings
In 2006 The Rolling Stones released Rarities 1971-2003
, which includes
some rare and limited-issue recordings, but Richards has described
the band's released output as the "tip of the iceberg". Many of the
band's unreleased songs and studio jam
are widely bootlegged
, as are numerous Richards solo
recordings, including his 1977 Toronto studio sessions, some 1981
studio sessions and tapes made during his 1983 wedding trip to
Public image and private life
Richards, who has been frank about his habits, has earned notoriety
for his decadent outlaw persona. Rock critic Nick Kent
summed up his 1970s image: "[Keith
Richards] was the big Lord Byron
He was mad, bad, and dangerous to know." In 1994 Richards said of
this image: "It's something you drag around behind you like a long
shadow ... Even though that was nearly twenty years ago, you cannot
convince some people that I'm not a mad drug addict. So I've still
got that [image] in my baggage."
Richards has been tried on drug-related charges five times: in
1967, twice in 1973, in 1977 and in 1978. The first trial – the
only one involving a prison sentence – resulted from a February
1967 police raid on Redlands, Richards's Sussex
estate, where he and some friends, including
Jagger, were spending the weekend. The subsequent arrest of
Richards and Jagger put them on trial before the Courts of the United Kingdom
well as the court of public opinion. On 29 June Jagger was
sentenced to three months' imprisonment for possession of four
amphetamine tablets; Richards was found guilty of allowing cannabis
to be smoked on his property and sentenced to one year in prison.
Jagger and Richards were imprisoned at that point, Jagger was taken
prison in south London and Richards to Wormwood Scrubs
Prison in west London, they were both released on bail the
next day pending appeal.
On 1 July The Times
ran an editorial entitled "Who breaks a butterfly on a
", portraying Jagger's sentence as persecution, and
public sentiment against the convictions increased. A month later
the appeals court overturned Richards's conviction for lack of
evidence, while Jagger was given a conditional discharge
serious charges Richards faced resulted from his arrest on 27
February 1977 at Toronto's Harbour
Castle Hotel (), when the Royal Canadian Mounted Police found him in possession of "22 grams of
Toronto hotel where Richards was
arrested in February 1977.
Richards was originally charged with "possession of
heroin for the purpose of trafficking" – an offence that under the
Criminal Code of Canada
result in prison sentences of seven years to life. His passport was
confiscated and Richards and his family remained in Toronto until 1
April, when Richards was allowed to enter the United States on a
medical visa for treatment for heroin addiction. The charge against
him was later reduced to "simple possession of heroin".
For the next two years, Richards lived under threat of criminal
sanction. Throughout this period he remained active with The
Rolling Stones, recording their biggest-selling studio album,
, and touring North
America. Richards was tried in October 1978, pleading guilty to
possession of heroin. He was given a suspended sentence and put on
probation for one year, with orders to continue treatment for
heroin addiction and to perform a benefit concert on behalf of the
Canadian National Institute for the Blind
the prosecution had filed an appeal of the sentence, Richards
performed two CNIB benefit concerts at Oshawa Civic
Auditorium on 22 April 1979; both shows featured The Rolling Stones and The New Barbarians.
September 1979 the Ontario
Court of Appeal
upheld the original sentence.
Later in 1979, Richards met future wife, model Patti Hansen
. They married on 18 December 1983,
Richards's 40th birthday, and have two daughters, Theodora
, born in 1985 and 1986
Richards maintains cordial relations with Italian born actress
, the mother of his
first three children; although they were never married, Richards
and Pallenberg were a couple from 1967 to 1979. Together they have
a son, Marlon (named after the actor Marlon Brando
), born in 1969, and a daughter,
Angela (originally named Dandelion), born in 1972. Their third
child, a boy named Tara (after Richards's friend Tara Browne
), died on 6 June 1976, less than
three months after his birth.
still owns Redlands, the Sussex estate he
purchased in 1966, as well as a home in Weston, Connecticut and another in Turks & Caicos.
He is an avid
reader with a strong interest in history and owns an extensive
April 2006, Richards, while in Fiji, suffered a
head injury after falling out of a tree; he subsequently underwent
cranial surgery at a New Zealand hospital.
caused a six-week delay in launching The Rolling Stones' 2006
tour and the rescheduling of several
shows; the revised tour schedule included a brief statement from
Richards apologising for "falling off his perch". The band made up
most of the postponed dates in 2006, and toured Europe in the
summer of 2007 to make up the remainder.
In August 2006 Richards was granted a pardon by Arkansas governor
for a 1975 reckless
March 2007 Richards attended the Rock &
Roll Hall of Fame ceremony to induct The
Ronettes; he also played guitar during the ceremony's all-star
Richards at the Pirates of the
In an April 2007 interview for NME
magazine, music journalist Mark Beaumont
asked Richards what
the strangest thing he ever snorted was, and quoted him as
replying: "My father. I snorted my father. He was cremated and I
couldn't resist grinding him up with a little bit of blow. My dad
wouldn't have cared ... It went down pretty well, and I'm still
alive."In the media uproar that followed, Richards's manager said
that the anecdote had been meant as a joke; Beaumont told
magazine that the
interview had been conducted by international telephone and that he
had misquoted Richards at one point (reporting that Richards had
said he listens to Motörhead
what he had said was Mozart
), but that he
believed the ash-snorting anecdote was true. Richards later
confirmed in an interview with Mojo
magazine that he had, in fact,
snorted his father's ashes – with no cocaine mixed in – before
burying them under an oak tree: "I said I'd chopped him up
cocaine, not with
. I opened his box up and
... out comes a bit of dad on the dining room table. I'm going, 'I
can't use a brush and dustpan for this.'"
Doris Richards, the guitarist's 91-year-old mother, died of cancer
in England on 21 April 2007. An official statement released by a
Richards representative stated that Richards, her only child, kept
a vigil by her bedside during her last days.
Richards made a cameo appearance as Captain Teague
, the father of Captain Jack Sparrow
), in Pirates of the
Caribbean: At World's End
, released in May 2007, and won
the Best Celebrity Cameo award at the 2007 Spike Horror Awards for
the role.Depp has stated that he based many of Sparrow's mannerisms
In August 2007 Richards signed a publishing deal for his
autobiography, scheduled to come out in 2010.
In March 2008 fashion house Louis
unveiled an advertising campaign featuring a photo of
Richards with his ebony Gibson ES-355
taken by photographer Annie
. Richards donated the fee for his involvement to The
Climate Project, an organization for raising environmental
October 2008 Richards appeared at the Musicians' Hall of Fame
induction ceremony in Nashville, Tennessee, joining the newly inducted Crickets on stage for performances of "Peggy Sue", "Not
Fade Away" and "That'll Be the
In August 2009, Richards was ranked #4 in Time Magazine's list of
the 10 best electric guitar players of all time. In September 2009
Richards revealed to Rolling Stone magazine that in addition to
anticipating a new Rolling Stones album, he has done some recording
with Jack White
: "I enjoy working with
Jack," he said. "We’ve done a couple of tracks." On 17 October
2009, Richards received the Rock Immortal Award at Spike TV’s
Scream 2009 awards ceremony at the Greek Theatre in Los Angeles;
the award was presented by Johnny Depp. "I liked the living legend,
that was all right," Richards said, referring to an award he
received in 1989, "but immortal is even better."
||"Run Rudolph Run" b/w "The Harder They Come"
||"Take It So Hard"
||"You Don't Move Me"
||"Wicked As It Seems"
||"Run Rudolph Run" b/w "Pressure
Guest appearances on other artists' releases
- The Beatles: backing vocals on "All
You Need Is Love" broadcast (1967)
- The Dirty Mac: The Rolling
Stones' Rock & Roll Circus (recorded 1968, released 2004):
bass on "Yer Blues" and "Her Blues"
- Billy Preston: That's the Way
God Planned It (1969): guitar
- Alexis Korner: Musically
Rich...and Famous: Anthology 1967-1982 (2003): guitar on "Get
Off of My Cloud" (recorded 1974 or 1975)
- Ronnie Wood: I've Got My Own
Album to Do (1974): co-composer, guitar and vocals on "Sure
the One You Need"; co-composer, guitar, piano and backing vocals on
"Act Together"; guitar and backing vocals on several other tracks;
The First Barbarians Live From Kilburn (recorded 1974,
released 2007): guitar, vocals, keyboards; Now Look
(1975): guitar and backing vocals on "Breathe on Me", "I Can't
Stand the Rain" and "I Can Say She's Alright"; Gimme Some
Neck (1979): guitar and backing vocals on "Buried Alive",
backing vocals on "Seven Days"
- Faces: The Faces' Final
Concert (recorded 1974, released 2000): guitar on "Sweet
Little Rock & Roller", "I’d Rather Go Blind" and "Twistin’ The
- John Phillips: Pay,
Pack & Follow (recorded 1976–1977, released 2001) and
Pussycat (outtakes and alternate mixes - recorded 1976-77,
released 2008): co-producer, guitar, backing vocals
- Peter Tosh: Bush Doctor
- The New Barbarians:
Buried Alive: Live in
Maryland (recorded 1979, released 2006): guitar, piano,
lead and backing vocals
- Ian McLagan: Troublemaker
(1979, re-released in 2005 as Here Comes Trouble): guitar
and backing vocals on "Truly"
- Screamin' Jay Hawkins:
Portrait of a Man: A History of Screamin' Jay Hawkins
(1979): guitar on "I Put a Spell on You and "Armpit #6"
- Max Romeo: Holding Out My Love For
You (1981): guitar, mixing
- Tom Waits: Rain Dogs (1985): guitar and backing vocals
on "Big Black Mariah", "Union Square" and "Blind Love"; Bone
Machine (1992): co-composer, guitar and vocals on "That
- Sun City: Artists United Against Apartheid (1985):
co-composer and guitar on "Silver and Gold"
- Slim Jim Phantom, Lee Rocker & Earl
Slick: Phantom Rocker and Slick (1986): guitar on "My
- Aretha Franklin: Jumpin'
Jack Flash film soundtrack (1986): producer and guitar on
- Chuck Berry concert film
Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll (1987):
musical producer, guitar and backing vocals
- Nona Hendryx: Female
Trouble (1987): guitar on "Rock This House"
- Ziggy Marley: Conscious
Party (1988): guitar on "Lee & Molly"
- Feargal Sharkey: Wish
(1988): guitar on "More Love"
- The Dirty Strangers:
Dirty Strangers (1988): guitar; From W12 to
Wittering (2009): piano on five tracks, co-composer of "Real
- Johnnie Johnson:
Johnnie B. Bad (1991): co-producer, guitar and
vocals on "Key to the Highway",
co-composer and guitar on "Tanqueray"
- John Lee Hooker: Mr.
Lucky (1991): guitar on "Crawling King Snake", guitar and
backing vocals on "Whiskey and Wimmen"
- The Neville Brothers:
Uptown (1991): guitar
- Weird Nightmare: Meditations on Mingus (1992): guitar and vocals on "Oh
Lord Don't Let Them Drop That Atomic Bomb on Me"
- George Jones: Bradley Barn
Sessions (1994): guitar and vocals on "Say It's Not You";
Burn Your Playhouse Down - The Unreleased Duets (2008):
vocals on "Burn Your Playhouse Down" (recorded in 1994)
- Bernie Worrell: Funk of
Ages (1994): guitar
- Bobby Womack: Resurrection
- Marianne Faithfull: A
Collection (1994): co-producer and guitar on "Ghost Dance";
Easy Come, Easy Go (2008): guitar and harmony vocals on
"Sing Me Back Home"
- The Chieftains: Long Black
Veil (1995): guitar on "The Rocky Road to Dublin"
- Ivan Neville: Thanks
(1995): guitar; Scrape (2004): guitar
- Bo Diddley: A Man Amongst
Men (1996): guitar on "Bo Diddley Is Crazy"
- B.B. King:
Deuces Wild (1997): guitar on "Paying the Cost to Be the
- Wingless Angels (1997): co-producer, guitar, backing
- Scotty Moore: All the King's
Men (1997): guitar and vocals on "Deuce and a Quarter"
- Jimmy Rogers All-Stars: Blues
Blues Blues (1999): guitar on "Trouble No More", "Don't Start
Me Talkin'" and "Goin' Away"
- Sheryl Crow: Sheryl Crow &
Friends: Live From Central Park (1999): guitar and vocals on
- Charlie Watts: Charlie Watts -
Jim Keltner Project (2000): guitar on "The Elvin Suite"
- Timeless: Tribute to Hank
Williams (2001): guitar and vocals on "You Win Again"
- Peter Wolf: Sleepless
(2002): guitar and vocals on "Too Close Together"
- Willie Nelson & Friends:
Stars & Guitars (2002): guitar and vocals on "Dead
Flowers"; Outlaws & Angels (2004): guitar and vocals
on "We Had It All", guitar on "Trouble in Mind" and "Whole Lotta
Shakin Goin On"
- Hubert Sumlin: About Them
Shoes (2004): guitar and vocals on "Still a Fool", guitar on
"I Love the Life I Lead" and "Little Girl"
- Toots & the Maytals:
True Love (2004): guitar and vocals on "Careless
Ethiopians"; guitar and backing vocals on "Pressure Drop" (released
- Return to Sin City: A Tribute to Gram Parsons (2004): guitar and vocals on
"Love Hurts", "Hickory Wind" and "Wild Horses"
- Make It Funky (2005): guitar and vocals on "I'm
- Les Paul & Friends: American
Made World Played (2005): guitar on "Good Morning Little
- Buddy Guy: Bring 'Em In
(2005): guitar on "The Price You Gotta Pay"
- Jerry Lee Lewis: Last Man
Standing: The Duets (2006): guitar and vocals on "That Kind of
- Ronnie Spector: Last of the
Rock Stars (2006): guitar and vocals on "It's Gonna Work Out
Fine", guitar on "All I Want"
- Lee "Scratch" Perry: Scratch Came
Scratch Saw Scratch Conquered (2008): guitar on "Heavy Voodoo"
and "Once There's a Will There's a Way"
Lead vocals on Rolling Stones tracks
Below is a list of the officially released Rolling Stones tracks on
which Richards sings lead vocals or shares lead-vocal duties:
Happened to Me Yesterday" (alternates with Jagger), "Connection" (co-lead with
Jagger) - Between the
- "Salt of the
Earth" (first verse) - Beggars
- "You Got the Silver" -
Let It Bleed (1969)
- "Happy" -
Exile On Main St.
- "Coming Down Again" -
Goats Head Soup (1973)
- "Memory Motel" (alternates with
Jagger) - Black and Blue
- "Happy" (live) - Love You
- "Before They Make Me
Run" - Some Girls
- "All About You" -
- "Little T&A" - Tattoo You (1981)
- "Wanna Hold You" - Undercover (1983)
- "Too Rude", "Sleep Tonight" -
Dirty Work (1986)
- "Can't Be Seen", "Slipping Away" -
Steel Wheels (1989)
- "Can't Be Seen" (live) - Flashpoint (1991)
- "The Worst", "Thru and Thru" - Voodoo Lounge (1994)
- "Slipping Away" (acoustic studio rehearsal) - Stripped (1995)
- "You Don't Have to Mean It", "Thief in the Night", "How Can I
Stop" - Bridges to
- "Thief in the Night" (live) - No
- "Losing My Touch" - Forty
- "Happy" (live), "The Nearness of
You" (live), "You Don't Have to Mean It" (live) - Live Licks (2004)
- "This Place Is Empty",
"Infamy" - A Bigger Bang (2005)
- "Thru and Thru" (live) - Rarities 1971-2003 (2005)
- "You Got the Silver" (live), "Connection" (live), "Little
T&A" (live) - Shine a Light
- Article about Keith Richards's memoirs
- Bockris 1993. pp. 29-30.
- Bockris 1993. p. 33.
- Bockris 1993. p. 22.
- Bockris 1993. p. 22
- Bockris 1993. pp. 27-28
- Bockris 1993. p. 30.
- Bockris 1993. p. 34
- Bockris 1993. pp. 34-35.
- Bockris 1993. pp. 35-36.
- Bockris 1993. p. 38.
- Bockris 1993. p. 63.
- Jagger, Richards, Watts & Wood 2003. p. 180.
- Guitar World October 2002. Inteview:"Heart Of Stone"
- St. Michael 1994. p. 26
- Bockris 1993. pp. 259-260
- Elliott 2002. p. 60
- Booth 1994. p. 51
- Wyman 2002. p. 224.
- Bockris 1993. p. 213.
- Bockris 1993. pp. 133-135, pp. 215-216, pp. 280-283.
- Booth 2000. p. 276.
- Booth 2000. p. 277.
- Wyman 2002. p. 286.
- Booth 2000. pp. 278-279.
- Flippo 1985. pp. 67-68.
- Bockris 1993. pp. 261-263.
- Flippo 1985. p. 134.
- Flippo 1985. pp. 134-136.
- Wyman 2002. p. 453.
- Flippo 1985. p. 178.
- Greenspan 1990. p. 518.
- Wyman 2002. p. 343.
- Wyman 2002. p. 392.
- Bockris 1993. p. 242, p. 246
- Fretbase, Time Magazine Picks the 10 Best Electric
- Spike TV press release