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A casual view of Main Street, at Cambridge Center.
Kendall Square is a neighborhood in Cambridge, Massachusettsmarker, with the "square" itself at the intersection of Main Street, Broadway, Wadsworth Street, and Third Street. It may also refer to the broad business district that is east of Portland Street, northwest of the Charles River, north of MITmarker and south of Binney Street.


Kendall Square has been an important transportation hub since the construction of the West Boston Bridgemarker in 1793, which provided the first direct wagon route from Bostonmarker to Cambridgemarker. By 1810, the Broad Canalmarker had been dug, which would connect with a system of smaller canals in this East Cambridge seaport area.

The area became a major industrial center in the nineteenth century, and by the beginning of the twentieth century was home to distilleries, electric power plants, soap and hosiery factories, and the Kendall Boiler and Tank Company (from which the square takes its name). When the Longfellow Bridgemarker replaced the West Boston Bridge in 1907, it included provisions for a future rapid-transit subway link to Harvard Squaremarker and Bostonmarker (now the Red Line); the original Kendall subway stationmarker was opened in 1911. MIT moved to its new Cambridge campus, located south of Kendall Square between Main Street and Massachusetts Avenue, in 1915.

Kendall Square is more recently famous for the number of biotechnology and information technology firms which have chosen to locate there, lured by the proximity of the Massachusetts Institute of Technologymarker (MIT) campus on the south side of Main Street. Many of these firms are in two high-level office complex parks: One Kendall Square (not to be confused with Kendall Square), and Technology Square, both about half a mile west of the subway station at Kendall Squaremarker.

Restaurants in the area include The Friendly Toast, Cambridge Brewing Company and Legal Sea Foods, both popular for business gatherings. A food plaza on the first floor of the Marriott hotel, and food trucks parked in lots near the corner of Main and Vassar streets (lunch only), sell fast food at low prices, with a variety of cuisines (Asian, Italian, Mexican, etc.) to choose from.

In February of 2009, approximately 80 organizations based in Kendall Square came together to form the Kendall Square Association, with the goal of improving, promoting, and protecting this global center of learning and innovation.

Notable local entities

Resident diplomatic missions


File:Camb Police Bldg.JPG|City of Cambridge Police Headquarters on Sixth Street.File:Cambridge_biotech.jpg|Global headquarters of Genzyme.

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