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Keōua Kuahu ula was an Ali i (member of the royal class) during the time of the unification of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

His name means Keōua (a common first name) of the "red altar".His father was Kalani ōpu u, the king at the time of the arrival of Captain James Cook.He born about 1762.His mother was Kanekapolei, one of the later wives of Kalani ōpu u. and mother of Pauli Kaoleioku, the grandfather of Bernice Pauahi Bishop and Ruth Keelikolani.This meant his older half-brother Kiwala o was in line to inherit the kingdom.

He was not happy, however, to receive no lands after his father died in 1781.He challenged his cousin Kamehameha I, resulting in the Battle of Moku'ohaimarker. He escaped the battle to relatives in the Ka ū districtmarker to the South in 1782.Although Kamehameha controlled the West side of the island, repeated raids never resulted in a clear victory for either side.

In 1790, after escaping another attack, his party was caught in an eruption of Kilaueamarker, and left footprints in volcanic ashmarker still visible today.He was killed in 1791 when Kamehameha invited him to the Pu ukoholā Heiaumarker in Kohala.He was captured in what is sometimes called the Battle of Kawaihaemarker, and Keōua's body offered to sanctify the new temple.

He married at least once, to Kaiolaniokaiwalani and perhaps had two more wives, with several daughters and perhaps two sons.He was the last independent district ruler on the island of Hawai imarker.


  1. Kamehameha Genealogy on Hawaiian Roots web site
  2. Keōua Kuahu ula page on Rootsweb Ancestry web site
  3. Pratt, Elizabeth Kekaaniauokalani. History of Keoua Kalanikupuapa-i-kalani-nui, Father of Kings, and His Descendants, with Notes on Kamehameha I, First King of All Hawaii. Honolulu, T.H., 1920
  4. Hawaiian Genealogy on Keko olani family web site

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