Ker-Xavier Roussel (December 10, 1867 - June 6, 1944) was a French painter associated with Les
Fran√ßois Xavier Roussel in Lorry-l√®s-Metz, Moselle, at age
fifteen he studied at the Lyc√©e Condorcet in Paris; alongside
his friend √Čdouard Vuillard,
he also studied at the studio of painter Diog√®ne Maillart.
In 1888 he
enrolled in the √Čcole des
, and soon began frequenting the Acad√©mie Julian
where Maurice Denis
and other students formed the
group Les Nabis
He is best known for paintings of French landscapes usually
depicting women, children, nymphs and fauns in bucolic settings.
Roussel, Vuillard, and another close friend, Pierre Bonnard, traveled to Lake Como, Venice and Milan.
In 1926 Ker-Xavier Roussel won the Carnegie Prize
Roussel died in 1944 at his home in L'√Čtang-la-Ville, Yvelines.
Roussel is mentioned in Gertrude Stein's Autobiography of Alice B.
Toklas, chapter 3. There she recounts an exchange he had with
Theodore Duret in Vollard's shop at an uncertain date after 1904.
Roussel complained of the lack of recognition that he and the other
Nabi painters had to contend with. Duret consoled him by pointing
out his incompatibility with the manners and fashions of the
bourgeois world and the differences between "art" and "official
- Fr√®ches-Thory, Claire, & Perucchi-Petry, Ursula, ed.:
Die Nabis: Propheten der Moderne, Kunsthaus Z√ľrich &
Grand Palais, Paris & Prestel, Munich 1993 ISBN 3791319698