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The Key lime (Citrus aurantifolia) is a citrus species with a globose fruit, 2.5-5 cm in diameter (1-2 in), that is yellow when ripe but usually picked green commercially. It is smaller, seedier, has a higher acidity, a stronger aroma, and a thinner rind than that of the Persian lime (Citrus x latifolia). It is valued for its unique flavor compared to other limes, with the key lime usually having a more tart and bitter flavor. The name comes from its association with the Florida Keysmarker, where it is best known as the flavoring ingredient in Key lime pie. It is also known as West Indian lime, Bartender's lime, Omani lime, Tahitian lime or Mexican lime, the latter classified as a distinct race with a thicker skin and darker green color.

Description

C. aurantifolia is a shrubby tree, to 5 m (16 ft), with many thorns. Dwarf varieties are popular with home growers and can be grown indoors in winter in colder climates. The trunk rarely grows straight, with many branches that often originate quite far down on the trunk. The leaves are ovate 2.5–9 cm (1–3.5 in) long, resembling orange leaves (the scientific name aurantifolia refers to this resemblance to the leaves of the orange, C. aurantium). The flowers are 2.5 cm (1 in) in diameter, are yellowish white with a light purple tinge on the margins. Flowers and fruit appear throughout the year but are most abundant from May to September .

History

C. aurantifolia is native to Southeast Asia. Its apparent path of introduction was through the Middle East to North Africa, thence to Sicily and Andalusiamarker and via Spanish explorers to the West Indiesmarker, including the Florida Keysmarker. From the Caribbean, lime cultivation spread to tropical and sub-tropical North America, including Mexicomarker, Floridamarker, and later Californiamarker .

Since the North American Free Trade Agreement came into effect, many Key limes on the US market are grown in Mexicomarker and Central America. They are also grown in Texasmarker and Californiamarker.

Name

Flowers of the key lime plant
The English word "lime" was derived, via Spanish then French, from the Arabic word ليمة līma (Persian لیمو Limu).[110047] "Key" would seem to have been added some time after the Persian lime cultivar gained prominence commercially in the United States following the 1926 Miami hurricane, which destroyed the bulk of US C. aurantifolia agriculture, leaving it to grow mostly casually in the Florida Keysmarker .


Footnotes

  1. Alphabetical List of Plant Families with Insecticidal and Fungicidal Properties
  2. Citrus aurantifolia Swingle
  3. Citrus aurantifolia Swingle
  4. Citrus aurantifolia Swingle


See also



External links



cz:Limetka

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