( , lit. Blum Village) is a
kibbutz in the Hula Valley part of the Upper
Galilee in Israel.
about 6 km southeast of the town of Kiryat Shmona, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee
In 1994 the population was 615.
Leon Blum memorial in kibbutz Kfar
It was founded in November 1943 by the Labor Zionist
Habonim (now Habonim Dror
) youth movement. The founding members
of the kibbutz were primarily from the United Kingdom, South Africa, the
States and the Baltic
countries. The kibbutz was named in honor of Léon Blum, the Jewish
socialist former Prime Minister of
France who was the focus of a widely-publicized, and
ultimately unsuccessful, show trial in
1942 mounted by the collaborationist Vichy regime.
) and light
(metal working) have formed the primary economic basis
for the kibbutz. In recent years this has been supplemented
increasingly by tourism
. Kfar Blum's location
near the Jordan
River at the foot of Mount Hermon has made it a center for outdoor recreational
activities including walking, hiking, kayaking, rafting and bird
Education and culture
The kibbutz has a regional school, a sports arena and a hotel.
also home to Hapoel Galil Elyon,
a top division basketball
team, which in 1993 became the only club from outside Tel Aviv to win the championship.
Since 1985 Kfar Blum has been the site of the annual Voice of Music Festival
in Upper Galilee
, also referred to as the Kfar Blum
, a chamber music
festival that is held in mid-summer. This week-long event has grown
to become the premier chamber music festival in Israel, drawing
15,000 visitors in recent years.
- "Kfar Blum", The Columbia Gazetteer of the World
Online, Columbia University Press, New York, 2005
- David Breslau, ed., Arise and Build: The Story of American
Habonim, Ichud Habonim Labor Zionist Youth, New York,
- Daniel Felsenstein and Aliza Fleischer, "Local Festivals and
Tourism Promotion: The Role of Public Assistance and Visitor
Expenditure", Journal of Travel Research, May 2005, pp.