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Kfar Blum ( , lit. Blum Village) is a kibbutz in the Hula Valleymarker part of the Upper Galilee in Israelmarker. Located about 6 km southeast of the town of Kiryat Shmonamarker, it falls under the jurisdiction of Upper Galilee Regional Councilmarker. In 1994 the population was 615.

History

Leon Blum memorial in kibbutz Kfar Blum
It was founded in November 1943 by the Labor Zionist Habonim (now Habonim Dror) youth movement. The founding members of the kibbutz were primarily from the United Kingdommarker, South Africa, the United Statesmarker and the Baltic countries. The kibbutz was named in honor of Léon Blum, the Jewish socialist former Prime Minister of Francemarker who was the focus of a widely-publicized, and ultimately unsuccessful, show trial in 1942 mounted by the collaborationist Vichy regime.

Economy

Agriculture (cotton, dairy, fruit) and light industry (metal working) have formed the primary economic basis for the kibbutz. In recent years this has been supplemented increasingly by tourism. Kfar Blum's location near the Jordan Rivermarker at the foot of Mount Hermonmarker has made it a center for outdoor recreational activities including walking, hiking, kayaking, rafting and bird watching.

Education and culture

The kibbutz has a regional school, a sports arena and a hotel. It was also home to Hapoel Galil Elyon, a top division basketball team, which in 1993 became the only club from outside Tel Avivmarker to win the championship.

Since 1985 Kfar Blum has been the site of the annual Voice of Music Festival in Upper Galilee, also referred to as the Kfar Blum Festival, a chamber music festival that is held in mid-summer. This week-long event has grown to become the premier chamber music festival in Israel, drawing 15,000 visitors in recent years.

References

  1. "Kfar Blum", The Columbia Gazetteer of the World Online, Columbia University Press, New York, 2005
  2. David Breslau, ed., Arise and Build: The Story of American Habonim, Ichud Habonim Labor Zionist Youth, New York, 1961.
  3. Daniel Felsenstein and Aliza Fleischer, "Local Festivals and Tourism Promotion: The Role of Public Assistance and Visitor Expenditure", Journal of Travel Research, May 2005, pp. 385-392


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