Khandwa is a town in the
Nimaad (commonly and unphonetically written as Nimar by the local
people) region of Madhya
Pradesh, an Administrative State in central India.
It is the administrative headquarters of Khandwa District
, formerly known as East
Khandwa is an ancient town, with many places of worship, like many
other towns in India. Mostly they are Hindu
temples. During the 12th century A.D.
it was a center of Jainism
. During British rule, it passed nearby Burhanpur (now a separate district) as the main commercial
centre of the Nimaad region. Khandwa is a major railway junction, where
the Malwa line connecting Indore with the
Deccan meets the main east-west line from Mumbai to
It is the birth place of famous Bollywood
singer Kishore Kumar
only aspect about which the town boasts. It is also famous for
being the birth place of present-day Bollywood
. Apart from these, Khandwa is also
famous for its local saint known nationally DADA Dhuniwaale, who
took his last breath here. Famous Hindu temples at Omkareshwar and
Jain temples at Siddhawarkoot are about 60 km away in Khandwa
Khandwa is located on the Main Train Junction, with daily
connections to Bombay, Delhi, Goa, Kochin, Kolkatta, Indore,
Bhopal, Patna, Allahabad, Lucknow, Jammu, Hyderabad, Bangalore. It
also has an airstrip which is rarely used for occasional aircraft
landings, located on Nagchun Road.
Khandwa is famous for its local crops of cotton, wheat (Khandwa2),
soyabean and a variety of seasonal fruits and vegetables. Its wheat
variety Khandwa2 is famous nationwide for its aroma, colour and
Khandwa is also credited for inventing coloured cotton in late 90s.
Prof Mandloi and his team from Agriculture college successfully
invented the colored breed of cotton.
Asia's prestigious hydro power project Indira Sagar Pariyojna is
located close to Khandwa and it is a pride to district and nation.
Nepa paper mills, Mansingka oil mills, and Nimar textiles are a few
well known names in industry which Khandwa possesses, although all
except Nepa paper mills others are defunct.
The name of the city is derived from "Khandav Van", which literally
means Khandav Forests.
Recent explorations in the beds/tributaries of Narmada have
revealed traces of the Paleolithic men in East Nimar district.
Omkar Mandhata, a rocky island on the bank of Narmada river, about
47 miles North-West of Khandwa, is said to have been conquered by
the Haihaya king Mahishmant, a scion of Yadu family, who had named
the same as Mahishmati.
During the rise of Buddhism, the East Nimar region was included in
Avanti Kingdom under Chand Pradyota Mahesana, which was later added
to the growing empire of Magadha by Shishunaga. From the early 2nd
century B.C. to late 15th century A.D., the Nimar Region (earlier a
part of Khandesh) underwent the ruling of many emperors from many
dynasties, which include Mauryas, Sungas, Early Satvahanas,
Kardamakas, Abhiras, Vakatakas, Imperial Guptas, Kalchuris,
Vardhanas (of Harsha Vardhana fame), Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas,
Paramaras, Faruki Dynasty etc.
Khandwa has no remarkable history but the nearby Burhanpur has an
interesting past during Moghul
historic Asirgarh fort was connected to Burhanpur by underground
tunnel for obvious military reasons. In 1536 A.D., the Mughal
Emperor Humayun, after his conquest of Gujarat, had visited
Burhanpur and Asirgarh (both are now in Burhanpur District) via
Baroda, Broach (Bharuch) & Surat. Raja Ali Khan (1576-1596
A.D.), also known as Adil Shah, was asked to submit to Akbar, when
the latter had sent an expedition to Khandesh, in the summer of
1577 A.D. The former, to avoid the unequal contest with the mighty
Akbar, dropped his royal title of Shah and accepted the Suzerainty
of Akbar. This marked an epoch in the Deccan policy of the Mughals,
for Khandesh was used as a base for the future Conquest of Deccan.
Raja Ali Khan constructed many buildings like Jama Masjid in the
upper portion of the fort of Asir in 1588 A.D., Jama Masjid at
Burhanpur in 1590 A.D., Idgah at Asir, mausoleums & Serai at
Burhanpur and Serai & Mosque at Zainabad (Near Burhanpur in
Bahadur Khan (1596-1600 A.D.) successor of Raja Ali Khan declared
his independence & refused to pay homage to Akbar & his son
Prince Daniyal, which enraged Akbar, who marched towards Burhanpur
in 1599 and occupied the City without any opposition on 8 April
1600 A.D. Akbar paid a visit to Asirgarh, so as to inspect it
personally, where he stayed for 4 days before returning to his Head
Quarter at Burhanpur.
The very famous and ideal character of Syed Sibte Hassan
Prince Khurram was nominated as the Governor of the Deccan in 1617
AD, by Jahangir to succeed Prince Parviz, and was bestowed the
title of Shah by Jahangir. Khurram led the Mughal army to a
peaceful victory by which Jahangir was pleased with his success
& conferred him the title of Shah Jahan on 12 October, 1617 AD.
After the death of Jahangir in 1627, Shah Jahan ascended the throne
of Mughal empire. Due to troubled conditions in the Deccan, he
reached Burhanpur (Deccan) on 1 March 1630, where he stayed for the
following two years, conducting operations against Bijapur,
Ahmadnagar, and Golkunda. On 7 June 1631, Shah Jahan lost his
beloved & favourite wife Mumtaz Mahall at Burhanpur, and her
body was buried at first in the Garden of Zainabad, across the
river Tapti. Early in December of the same year (1631 AD), the
remains of her body were sent to Agra. Later on 6 March 1632, Shah
Jahan left Burhanpur for the north, after appointing Mahabat Khan
as the viceroy of the Deccan.
From the mid 16th century to the early 18th century, the Nimar
region (including East Nimar), was under the rule or influence of
(Mughals), the Peshwas
(Marathas), Pindaris etc. Later from early part
of the mid 18th century, the management of the Nimar region came
under the British.
The East Nimar district did not remain unaffected by the Great
Uprising of 1857, which swept the country, against the British
rule. In connection with the so called Riots of 1857, Tatya Tope
had gone through the region of East Nimar district, and Khandwa and
before marching out of the district, burnt the police stations and
Government buildings at Khandwa, Piplod and a number of other
places and escaped again to central India by way of Khargone.
The East Nimar district was greatly affected with the beginning of
freedom movement, Non-Co-operation movement, Civil Disobedience
movement, Quit India Movement etc., to obtain the independence of
India, from late 18th century till 15 August 1947. During this time
Khandwa was visited by Swami
of Arya Samaj
, the great monk
and founder of Ramkrishna
, Mahatma Gandhi
, and others.
Young Nationalists of the district, like Haridas Chatterjee
, Makhanlal Chaturvedi
, Thakur Laxman Singh
District), Abdul Quadir
attended the Calcutta Session of Congress in 1917.
Tilak visited the district during his whirlwind tour of the central
province in 1918. The district took part in the non-co-operation
movement. Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930 has also been
participated by many people of the district. The Karmavir
weekly was seized and its editor, Makhanlal Chaturvedi
was sentenced to
two years. Editor of Swarajya S. M. Agarkar
was also arrested and imprisoned.
Nav Jawan Sabha
was established at
Khandwa in 1931. Students also participated in this movement. They
removed Union Flags
from high school
building and hoisted the tricolor. In this connection Raichand Bhai Nagda
was fined and
The District also has contribution in Quit India Movement. The
District Political Conference was held at Harsud sometime before
August, 1942 had alerted the people for impending struggle. The
Students of Robertson High School, Burhanpur ( Burhanpur is now a
new district but, formally part of Khandwa District) hoisted
Tri-colour on the school building on the 15th August. But it was
removed by the police. The students organized the processions
against this act of police till their demands of hoisting tricolor
and pasting of photographs of national leaders did not met.
Khandwa is located at . It has an average elevation of
313 metres (1026 feet).
India census, Khandwa had a population of 171,976. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Khandwa has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 66%. In Khandwa, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- Khandwa is the 6th Largest city of Madhya Pradesh.
- The Hottest city in terms of temperature.