Khushab District ( ) is a
rural district located in
According to the 1998 census, the population was 905,711 with
24.76% living in urban areas. The district consists of 3 tehsils
: Khushab, Nurpur
Quaidabad, as well as a sub-tehsil Noshehra. Khushab is home to the
Heavy Water and Natural Uranium Research Reactor, a critical part
of the Pakistan's Special Weapons Program, which has come under
much heated scrutiny.
situated between the cities of Sargodha and Mianwali, near the
district is headquartered at Jauharabad (founded 1953, pop.
Khushab is one of the most important cities especially from a
defensive (atomic) point of view. The district is full of natural
beauty containing Jhelum River, Fields, Mountains(Skaisar) and Thal
desert. Its main towns included Quaida-bad, Jauhara-bad, Mitha
Tiwana and Nowshera. Jauharabad (atomic city) is beautiful city for
residence having wide roads and streets. Nearby cities include
Sargodha, Mianwali, Bhakher, Jhelum and Jhang.
saadat khan tareen khushab
The education rate is increasing in the district. The top Schools
and colleges include DPS Khushab & Fauji foundation Khushab.
Now there is a campus of Arid University in Khushab.
There are many schools in the area mostly Secondary or Higher
Secondary Education institutions. Students have to go to the other
cities for higher education and further education. The literacy
rate of Khushab is about 65% and due to recent research projects in
the area, the literacy rate is increasing.saadat khan براہ کرم مزید
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The district is divided into two tehsils, Khushab and Noorpur Thal,
which contain a total of fifty one Union Councils.
Khushab is subdivided into 41 Union Councils.
Noorpur Thal tehsil
Noorpur Thal is subdivided into 10 Union Councils.
The Soon valley Sakasir is one of the most beautiful areas of the
There are three beautiful lakes(Ochali, Khabbaki and Sodhi Jay
Wali) and a beautiful Garden Kanhatti Garden near Khabbaki village,
located here in the Soon valley area is the largest forest in
Khushab district.Pail-Piran a gate way to Soon Valley represents a
scenic view as you enter the valley via Kalar Kahar from
Islamabad-Lahore MotorWay. On your left on the hill top you see
shrine of Hazrat pir Khawja Noori,descendent of Hazrat Baha ud din
Zakkariyya of Multan(a saint descendent of Habbari Arab rulers of
Sindh).Few leading personalities of Pail Piran includeLate Late Pir
Nowbahar Shah,Late Pir Kalu Shah,Late Pir Ajaz Hussain shah,Late
Pir Walayat Shah(Dr.Wali Pir) and his sons Syed Sajid Hussain
Shah,Dr.Syed wajid H.Pirzada.Syed Majid Hussain Shah and syed Zahid
- Katha Saghral - is semi-hilly and
mineral area. Dozens of minerals including coal and salt are being
mined in the surrounding area of this village.
- Khabikki Lake is a salt water lake in the southern Salt Range
area in Pakistan. This lake is formed due to the absence of
drainage in the range. Earlier its water was brackish. Now the
water is sweet and a Chinese breed of fish is introduced in
The lake is one kilometre wide and two kilometres long. Khabikki is
also the name of a neighbouring village. Boats are also available
and there is a rest house beside the lake. A hill gently ascended
on the right side of the lake. The lake and the green area around
provide a good scenery.
- Sakaser is the highest mountain in the Salt Range area in
Pothohar in Pakistan. It is 1522 metre / 4946 feet high. It is
situated in Khushab District but it can be seen from adjoining
districts of Mianwali and Chakwal.
- Uchhali Lake is just below the Sakaser mountain, it is a salt
water lake in the southern Salt Range area in Pakistan. This lake
is formed due to the absence of drainage in the range. Sakaser
(1522 metre / 4946 feet), the highest mountain in the Salt Range,
looms over the lake. Due to its brackish water the lake is
lifeless. But it offers a picturesque scenery.
It is a good picnic spot and moderately tough walking point. At its
top there is a radar.
Rana jhamat is the main lanlord of the nearby cities like Shahpur
and Sargodha and famous for their barving.
sub caste of Rajput. Migrated from East Punjab of India in 17th
century and settled in District Khushab. Malik Sher Bahadur Aheer
was DSP of Punjab in 1890 and was appointed Honourary Magistrate in
1903 in East Punjab of India. Aheer tribe is basically associated
with agriculture. Mr. Naseem Ahmed Aheer was Minister for Interior
in 1986. Most of the land in Jauharabad, District Khushab belongs
to Aheer family. Hence this family is the dominant agriculturist
family in the region.
Awan tribe is the main tribe of the Khushab District. This tribe
mainly resides in Soon Valley, at foothills called Daman Muhaar,
Kushab city, Jauharabad city and to lesser extent all over the
Also called pir families, settled in Pail Piran
The Tiwana are found mainly in the Khushab tehsil.
Found mainly in Thal desert region,They are an ancient Rajput
Found mainly in Thal desert region, the Mamdani and Magsi are the
The Johiya are found along the Jhelum valley in tehsil noor pur.
They are an ancient Rajput
The Raja are found in District Khushab especially in Thal Desert.
They positively effect the politics of said District.
A local Jat clan, found in thana gunjial side, new
Jamali are a Baluch tribe. Found in Jamali Balochan, in Nurpur
They are a Jat
clan, mostly resided in Rangpur
Baghoor and tehsil noor pur thal and have hold in tehsil noor pur
of khushab district over other tribes.baghoor tribe always play a
dominant role in tehsil noor pur's politics.
- Saggu this is a rajput clan, resided in tehsil noor pur of
Punjabi with Shah puri accent
Khushab consists of agricultural lowland plains, lakes, and hills.
Parts of the Thal
desert touch the
district and the Jhelum runs alongside it making it highly fertile
for agriculture. The district is rich in natural resources (salt
& coal). Most people are associated with farming and
agriculture. One third of the district is hilly and is dominated by
Awans and other minor tribes. Since there is no agriculture in the
area, this part of Khushab district has been favoured by
governments since British times as being fertile ground for armed
services recruitment - a majority of the population from this area
goes into the armed forces. The other two parts are irrigated lands
between Khushab and Quaiadabad and the desert area of Tehsil
Noorpur Thal . This desert area is the beginning of large Thal
desert that continues into India's Rajasthan. In the 1980s the
district was classified as a tax relief zone for new industries.
This led to the establishment of many industries including cement,
sugar, and textiles. But this exist only in the Headquarter
(Jauharabad) so the benefits are getting the Elite ones. Masses
have still a very hard life.
The Thal desert is a dry desert with scarce vegetation — mostly
thorny bushes — over a breadth of and is situated between the Indus
river and the Jhelum river. In Thal the whole land is arid and
depends upon the weather condition, but now with the project of
greater thal canal the most part of the desert will be irrigated.
Gram is the main crop.People are hardworking. Noorpur thal and
and katimar are
main towns of this tehsil .Mari Shah Sakhira is the one of the
biggest town of thal desert. Noor Pur Thal has ten Union councils
having degree college for men and as well as for women. Thal desert
is basically is a triangle between the districts of Khushab,
Bhakkar, Mianwali, Jhang, Leyiha and Muzzafargarh. Thal has very
hot days and pleasant nights.
The Soon Valley is the cultural hub of Awan tribe
. The heirline of the Awan tribe
reaches a common ancestor Qutab Shah who supposedly lived here, so
the valley holds a special meaning to the tribe. One of the
villages of the soon valley namely Pail-Piran
is inhabited by the descendants of
Bahauddin Zakkarya Multani ,and are Hashmite Sadats(Syeds), whose
ancestor Pir Khawja Noori son of Pir Ali Qatal made many people of
region embrace Islam. Pirs of Pail-Piran are closely related to
Pirs of Bhera Sharif (Sargodha),In Chakwal District Pir da
Khara,Sarkal,Titral,Wahula,Watli,Karooli, In Abotabad District
Malmula,Plasi,Arwari,Thath Pir Karam Shah. Few leading
personalities of Pail-Piran included Pir Nowbahar Shah,Dr.Pir
Walayat Shah(Dr.Wali pir).Pir Bahadar Shah(Zaildar),Pir Kalu
Shah,Pir Qadir Bakhash one of biggest land lord of area,Pir Sattar
Shah,Pir Walayat Shah,Pir Siddique Shah Nambardar,Pir Bashir Ahmad
Shah,and lately the sons and grandsons of Dr.Wali Pir namely:Syed
Sajid Hussain Shah,Dr.Syed Wajid H.Pirzada,Pirzada Majid Hussain
Shah and Pirzada Zahid Hussain Shah(Zaidi Pir),Pirzada Aitizaz
Danial Walayat Shah, Pirzada Sheharyar Walayat Shah, Pir Zakriya
Walayat shah.Mazar of Pir Khawja Noori is located in Pail-piran.The
Soon Valley is important as a hill station after Murree in the
province of Punjab. The valley has beautiful lakes and
The Nuclear Weaponry Program
A stark intervention of prying eyes of a privately owned satellite,
at the eve of President Bill Clinton
arrival to the Indian Sub-continent, captured a nuclear weapons
base in Khushab in 2000 and declared that Nuclear Weaponry Program
in Pakistan was second only to the United States.
Controversies and debates
On March 21
Christian Science Monitor
published an article written by Alexander Colhoun, a
high-resolution aerial satellite photo revealed a nuclear reactor
and a missile base near the
city of Khushab ( ). These pictures had mixed views, one of the
expression of power that could shackle or reshape diplomatic
landscapes of a region and another of the ethical question about
the usage of satellite imagery in terms of privacy and national
sovereignty of a nuclear-capable nation. The report was published
at a time when American President Bill
was due to visit India and sparked concerns worldwide.
It was later clearly stated in the Dawn
newspaper on June
that this particular nuclear
reactor at Khushab and its reprocessing plant were generating
between 8 to 10 kilograms of weapons-grade plutonium per year,
dedicated for military use.
China, a nuclear friend
Some reports around the time of the satellite imagery stunt
revealed that China is helping Pakistan mount nuclear warheads atop
missiles for which garages were
supposedly build underground at Sargodha. If the case be, Pakistan
had a head-start in the nuclear game. John
, spokesperson for the
Federation of American
told a press conference nuclear powers, in the past,
or presumed nuclear powers, except the U.S., had only one
organisation for making uranium and plutonium bombs because of the
high costs involved but, Pakistan had two.