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Khushwant Singh ( , ; born 2 February, 1915 in Hadalimarker, Punjab, which now lies in Pakistanmarker) is a prominent Indianmarker novelist and journalist. Singh's weekly column, "With Malice towards One and All", carried by several Indianmarker newspapers, is among the most widely-read columns in the country.

An important Indo-Anglian novelist, Singh is best known for his trenchant secularism, his humor, and an abiding love of poetry. His comparisons of social and behavioral characteristics of Westerner and Indians are laced with acid wit. He served as editor of several well-known literary and news magazines, as well as two major broadsheet newspaper, through the 1970s and 1980s.

Early life and background

Khushwant Singh was born in Hadalimarker, Punjab to a Sikh family. His father, Sir Sobha Singh, was a prominent builder in Lutyens' Delhimarker.

He was educated at Government College, Lahore, St. Stephen's College in Delhimarker and King's College, Londonmarker,before reading for the Bar at the Inner Templemarker.

His earlier name was Khushal Singh after he changed it in his school days, and his name became rhyming to his brother.He studied at Modern School in Daryaganj [now school's location is Barakamba Road, Delhi]. The school's principal was Kamla Bose. Unlike most other boys in the school, Khushwant Singh came from a village background and did not know English. At his school, Urdu was also taught.

Career

In August 1947, days before the partition of India and Pakistan, Singh, then a lawyer practicing in the High Court in Lahore, drove to his family's summer cottage at Kasauli in the foothills of the Himalayasmarker. Continuing on to Delhimarker along of strangely vacant road, he came upon a Jeep full of armed Sikhs who boasted that they had just massacred a village of Muslims. Such experiences were to be powerfully distilled in Singh's 1956 novel Train to Pakistan. (The 2006 edition of Train to Pakistan, published by Roli Books in New Delhimarker, also contains 66 photographs by Margaret Bourke-White that capture the partition's violent aftermath.)

Singh has edited Yojana, an Indian government journal; The Illustrated Weekly of India, a newsweekly; and two major Indian newspapers, The National Herald and the Hindustan Times. During his tenure, The Illustrated Weekly became India's pre-eminent newsweekly. After Singh's departure, it suffered a huge drop in readership.

From 1980 through 1986, Singh was a member of Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian parliament. He was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1974 for service to his country. In 1984 he returned the award in protest against the siege of the Golden Temple by the Indian Army. Undeterred, in 2007 the Indian government awarded Singh an even more prestigious honor, the Padma Vibhushan.He leads a very disciplined life, waking up at 4 am each day and continuing to write his columns by hand. His works range from political commentary and contemporary satire to outstanding translations of Sikh religious texts and Urdu poetry. Despite the name, his column "With Malice Towards One and All" regularly contains secular exhortations and messages of peace, brotherhood and tolerance. In addition, he is one of the last remaining writers to have personally known most of the stalwart writers and poets of Urdu and Punjabi languages, and profiles his recently deceased contemporaries in his column. One of the most striking aspects of his weekly writings is his outright honesty; he will openly admit to his weaknesses and mistakes, along with an acceptance of his declining health and physical abilities in more recent times.

As a public figure, Singh has been accused of favoring the ruling Congress party, especially during the reign of Indira Gandhi. He is better viewed as an establishment liberal. Singh's faith in the Indian political system has been shaken by events such as anti-Sikh riots that followed Indira Gandhi's assassination, in which major Congress politicians were alleged to be involved. But he has remained resolutely positive on the promise of Indian democracy and worked via Citizen's Justice Committee floated by H. S. Phoolka who is a senior advocate of Delhi High Courtmarker.

Personal life

He has a son named Rahul Singh and a daughter. He is the paternal uncle of actress Amrita Singh.

Honors and awards



Bibliography



Short Stories

  • The Mark of Vishnu and Other Stories. London, Saturn Press, 1950.
  • The Voice of God and Other Stories. Bombay, Jaico, 1957.
  • A Bride for the Sahib and Other Stories. New Delhi, Hind, 1967.
  • Black Jasmine. Bombay, Jaico, 1971.
  • The Collected Stories. N.p., Ravi Dayal, 1989.


Play

Television Documentary: Third World—Free Press (also presenter; Third Eye series), 1982 (UK).

References



External links




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