King's Gate (Russian: Королевские ворота,
Königstor) is one of the former six gates that were built
during the 19th century around Kaliningrad (the former German city of Königsberg).
The King's Gate in 2005.
The gate was designed by Friedrich August Stüler
west facade has three sandstone statues, made by sculptor Wilhelm Stürmer
: nine metres above the
ground to the left the Bohemian
is depicted, who was
Königsberg's namesake. Frederick
I of Prussia
, Prussia's first King, follows as the middle
statue. To the right Duke
, Prussia's first duke and founder of the Albertina university
, holds an eye over
the city. Beneath the sculptures the coat of arms of Samland and Natangen are shown.
Damage and reconstruction
The gate was damaged during the Second
. Furthermore, as a first victory celebration, Soviet
soldiers decapitated the statues. With the celebration of the
city's 750 year existence in June 2005, the gate was renovated.
Even a few months before the beginning of the festivities, the gate
was still in a desolate condition. Within a few weeks, however, the
gate was restored to its condition before the war. Fully restored
statues replaced the decapitated ones on the gate with this
Image:ID003163 A070 Koenigstor.jpg|King's Gate before the Second
World WarImage:ID003164 A071 Koenigstor.jpg|King's Gate before the
Second World WarImage:Kaliningrad Koenigstor.JPG|King's Gate before
reconstruction in 2004Image:Kingsgate2.JPG|King's Gate today
- Robert Albinus: Königsberg-Lexikon. Würzburg 2002,
- Richard Armstedt: Geschichte der königl. Haupt-
und Residenzstadt Königsberg in Preußen. Reprint der
Originalausgabe, Stuttgart 1899.
- Fritz Gause: Die Geschichte der
Stadt Königsberg in Preußen. 3 Bände, Köln 1996, ISBN
- Jürgen Manthey: Königsberg – Geschichte einer
Weltbürgerrepublik. Hanser 2005, ISBN 3446206191
- Gunnar Strunz: Königsberg entdecken. Berlin 2006, ISBN