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The Kingdom of Arles (Arelat) was a Frankish dominion surrounding Arlesmarker, established in 933, from lands formerly in the southern part of the Kingdom of Burgundy, generally corresponding to the present-day province of Rhône-Alpes. It was ruled by independent kings until 1032.The New Columbia Encyclopedia 1975, 150

In 888, Rodolphe, Count of Auxerremarker founded the kingdom of Bourgogne Transjurane (Upper Burgundy). In 933, Hugh of Arles ("Hugues de Provence") gave his kingdom up to Rudolph II of Burgundy, who merged southern part of Burgundy into the new Kingdom of Arles (Arelat). In 937, Rudolph II was succeeded by Conrad of Burgundy, "the Peaceful", who in 993 was succeeded by Rudolph III.

In 1032, King Rudolphe III died, and the Kingdom was inherited by Holy Roman Emperor Conrad II the Salian. Though his successors counted themselves kings of Arles, few went to be crowned in the cathedral. The Kingdom operated with considerable autonomy. An exception was Frederick Barbarossa who in 1178 was crowned king of Arles by the archbishop of Arles.
The Kingdom of Arelat in the 12/13th century
Between the 11th Century and the end of the 14th Century, several parts of the kingdom's territory broke away: Provence, Vivaris, Lyon-Nais, Dauphine, Savoy, Franche-Comté, parts of western Switzerland. Most of the territory of the Lower Burgundy was progressively incorporated into France, while the eastern parts of Upper Burgundy were acquired by the houses of Zähringen and Habsburg.

The Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV in 1361 detached the County of Savoy from the kingdom. In 1365 he was crowned king of Arles, but in 1378, he appointed the Dauphin of France (later King Charles VI of France) as the permanent Imperial vicar of the kingdom. From then on, the Kingdom existed only on paper.


  1. The New Columbia Encyclopedia 1975, 150.


  • Marie-Luise Heckmann, Das Reichsvikariat des Dauphins im Arelat 1378.

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